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apo resume sample Has 12+ years of experience in developing and managing software applications. This includes 6 years in SAP R/3 (including IS-Retail), about 2 years in SAP APO and 6+ years in follower seamus heaney essay IBM mainframe environment. My SAP Supply Chain Management experience has covered all aspects of implementing SAP in Manufacturing, Distribution and Retail organizations. My involvement has covered the night elie wiesel thesis, analysis, design, modeling, development and implementing of SAP applications. My skills in SAP APO are Integration Model, Core Data Interface (CIF), LiveCache, Demand Planning (DP) and seamus heaney critical essay Supply Network Planning (SNP), Global Available to Promise (GATP), Backorder Processing (BOP) and Business Information Warehouse (BW). I have working knowledge of all aspects of Integration of essay on sex Master Data and Transactional Data, Dynamic Availability Checking on the basis of ATP (available to promise), Product Allocations, Copying Product Allocations and Characteristic Value Combinations (CVC), Planning Areas, Planning Books and Master Planning Object Structures, prototyping of Capable to Match (CTM) and SNP planning scenarios and DP forecasting. I also created BAPI?s for Transportation Lane, Programs for Mass ATP Check (to substitute BOP), CIF monitoring, BOP dynamic variant creation and CVC report mass deletion. My skills in SAP R/3 in are Sales Distribution (SD), Materials Management (MM), Warehouse Management (WM) and Finance and Costing (FI/CO) areas. I have covered all aspects of Sales Order Processing, Availability Checking, Pricing, Output Determination, Purchase Orders, Purchase Requisitions, Info Records, Stock Transport Orders, Outbound and Inbound Deliveries, and Transportation Scheduling, Picking and Packing, Bill Goods Issues and Goods Receipts, Invoicing and Billing, Inventory Management and Warehouse Management, Equipment, Serial Number and Handling Unit Management, Transfer Orders and Print Programs. My SAP ABAP/4 technical skills include the design, development and debugging of ABAP Programs (Dialog Programming, Standard and follower seamus critical Interactive Reports), ALV Reporting, SAPScript, Menu Painter and Screen Painter, ALE, EDI and IDOC configurations, Custom IDOC development, Workflow configurations and development, RFC and BAPI Development, User Exit and Field Exit Development, Dialog Programming, Interfacing Data with external systems, Data conversions, Programming using BDC, ABAP/4 Workbench, Data Dictionary and Batch Job management. Prior to SAP, I worked in IBM mainframe area, designing and developing applications using DB2, CICS, VSAM, IMS-DB/DC, QMF, SPUFI, TSO/ISPF, JCL, SDFII, GTB, INTERTEST, DMS, BTS, WS-FTP, DTL, COBOL, C, DYL280, CLIST and REXX.
Over the past 12 years I have been involved as a project manager, team lead, system analyst and essay about mentoring new developer team members. American Honda Motors, Torrance, CA. Follower Heaney Essay! The Home Depot, Atlanta, GA. Kimball International, Jasper, IN. American Express TRS, Sydney, Australia. IBM Labs, Gaithersburg, MD and dissertations IBM, Bethesda, MD.
Software Associate, Cranium Consulting LLC/ISAP group Inc, March 2001 to current. Follower Seamus Heaney Essay! IT Systems Engineer, Motorola, November 2000 to February 2001. SAP Technical Consultant, Emplifi/iGate Capital/Mastech, May 1994 to November 2000. Project Leader, Systems Analyst and Programmer, Tata Consultancy Services, February 1990 to April 1994. Masters Degree in Engineering from IIT, Kharagpur, India (January 1990) Bachelors Degree in Engineering from JNTU, Kakinada, India (August 1988) American Honda Motors, Torrance, CA, USA#9;#9; March 2001 to nyu essay funny, Current (SAP R/3 and APO Implementation) Configuration of Core Data Interfaces (CIF and Integration Models) Special reports to monitor and processing of CIF (restart, registration programs) LiveCache Monitoring and follower heaney critical essay Reporting.
Global ATP Processing and Backorder Processing, Programs for Mass ATP Check and Dynamic BOP variant creation. Reports to essay on sex, validate GATP and BOP processing (Before and After) Product Allocations and Characteristic Value Combinations. Configuration of DP and SNP, Prototyping Capable to Match (CTM) and Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) Design of Global Logistics Operation interfaces with Factories. Designing interface architecture, coding programs to support the follower seamus heaney essay, interface architecture, Code reviews and Performance tuning. Developing functional specifications, testing scenarios for SD, MM, WM FI interfaces. Dj Essay Google! Design, Documentation and coding of WM related interfaces: Goods Receipts upload and downloads, Warehouse Staging and follower heaney critical essay Warehouse Relocation.
Print (SAPScript) programs for Printing of Bill of Lading, Master Bill of Lading, Crate Cards and Shipping Labels. Dialog Programs for maintaining Crate Cards/Labels, Staging and Bill of Lading data, Online staging, Online relocation, Warehouse workbench and Creation of about my opinion automatic inbound deliveries from PGI of outbound deliveries for plant to plant transfers. Field Exits and User Exits for Handling Unit Validations, Delivery creation and change, Material Master custom fields enhancements, Sales Order creation and seamus heaney critical essay change processing. Various Data extract and interface programs in SD, MM, WM and FI areas. Post Go-Live support and mentoring of new developers. November 2000 to February 2001 (APO 3.0 Implementation) Setting up ALE configurations between APO, BW and Mercator. Mentoring and essay guiding developers in ABAP, ALE, BAPI and CTS areas. Core Data Interface (between APO and SAP R/3) Analysis. Establishing development standards and heaney essay guidelines.
Development of BAPI for Transportation Lane. The Home Depot, Atlanta, USA#9;#9;#9; Marc h 2000 to November 2000 (IS-Retail Implementation -International Stores) Creation of dj essay google custom Promotion programs to replace SAP standard promotion transactions and creating outbound IDoc for promotions. Follower! New PO Copy functionality that includes custom screen development and BAPI?s. User Exit development for a) Purchase Order editing saving, b) Goods Movements, c) Logistics Invoice Verification, d) Sales Order processing with screen modifications, e) Billing Document Processing and f) POS inbound IDoc processing. Creating new withholding tax functionality (for Argentina) using SD.
This includes using most of the user exits in Sales Order, Billing Documents Logistics Invoice Verification processing, Development of nyu essay funny additional screens in Sales Order and follower seamus essay workflow programming to trigger the required tasks and function modules. Custom Document flow program to tie the documents in MM, SD FI. Development of reports a) Purchase Orders, Schedules and Goods Movements, b) Vendor Worksheet, c) Price Change Worksheet, and d) Moving Average Report. Rebates processing for documents created in SD FI. Report Development using ALV and can a problem by the BAPI?s.
August 1998 to March 2000 (IS-Retail Implementation) Created Development Standards Guidelines, File Naming Standards, Interface Development Standards and Batch Job Standards. Development of utility programs, function modules and tools. Performance tuning of follower seamus custom programs. Batch job scheduling tools for high volume data processing. Analysis and design of Merchandise related interfaces and data conversions. Article Master customization to develop new screens and new features to essay my opinion, eliminate SAP standard characteristic functionality. Development of complex and multi-step processing interfaces a) Fish Order Live Animals interface, b) Distribution Center to Store transfer, c) Site and follower seamus heaney critical Vendor Master data, e) Expense to Accounts, f) Return to Vendor (RTV), g) SAP Price data to advertising and h) Store to Store transfers. Extensive ABAP report/program development using of BAPI?s, BDC?s and User Exits. Dj Essay Google! Invoice Verification Invoice Matching programs and Reports in FI/CO.
ALE/EDI-IDOC configurations Custom segments creation for Purchase Order IDoc. Follower Seamus Heaney! July 1996 to August 1998 (SAP Implementation) Analysis, Design and Development of data extract programs from the Legacy system re-design and enhance legacy applications for SAP implementation. Analysis, Design and essay Development of Interfaces to Legacy system. Seamus! Development of BDC programs for a) Vendor Creation, b) Material Prices Creation, c) Change Delivery Document with pick confirmation and d) Changing Shipment General Header Data. Development of outbound interfaces to support a) Product ID serialization, b) SAP sales history download, c) Trends interface with open order information, d) Trip and Opportunity funds interface with sales information and e) Activity Based Costing interface with product, material and customer information. SAPScript customizations to pre k dissertations, Invoice Print program RVADIN01 and layout set and Order Acknowledgment print program RVADOR01 and critical layout set. Development of showroom inventory processing functionality which includes BDC programs to a) Relieve inventory for showrooms, b) Receive inventory into in-transit location, c) Receipt of inventory from in-transit location and d) Reports that include Showroom movements in and out, Showroom inventory report and Showroom open order reports. Development of ABAP reports and utility programs and performance tuning of night custom programs. Selection of heaney 3 rd party bar code vendors to Wave 1.5 goods movement interfaces using Bar-coding and IDocs. Dj Essay Google! Kimball International, Jasper, USA. Heaney Essay! May 1994 to July 1996 (Development of various applications) Worked on several projects and pre k applications including.
Product Identification System Phases III, IV and V. Quality Tracking System. Competitive Discount Authorization System. Heaney Critical! ARTEC Scheduling System. Bonus and IS Focus System. Dissertations! Enhancements to Order Entry, Shipping and Allocation Systems. Heaney Critical Essay! Trip and Opportunity Funds Programs. Automated several processes, developed interfaces to new and existing applications. Coordinated and dj essay google led various projects in follower critical essay going through full life cycle of each and every application at Kimball. All applications are developed on IBM ES/9000 using VS COBOL II, OS/VS COBOL, DYL 280, CLIST and dissertations REXX with CICS, DB2, IMS/DB and GTB.
My responsibilities include, Analysis, Design, Development, testing and implementation of the various applications. Maintenance/Enhancements to existing applications and follower seamus essay Interfaces development. June 1993 to April 1994 (Application Maintenance Tools) The Application Management Tools (AMT) are developed to maintain about essay equality, 500 applications of Shell Oil. These set of tools scan the source programs and produce the cross-reference relations between subjects and categories. This information is loaded into CASEPAC (CASE tool) and/or AMT repository. The tools are developed to scan the follower seamus heaney critical, source code of COBOL, MARK IV and JCL languages. Night! VS-COBOL II, C and follower seamus REXX are used with DB2, VSAM and DMS on IBM 3090. My responsibilities include,
Analysis, Design and Development of the tools. Testing and Implementation. December 1992 to May 1993 ( SWAP 4.0) System for Worldwide Application Processing (SWAP) 4.0 is the product used to process the credit card applications (on-line and batch) by American Express. SWAP 4.0 is an enhancement to SWAP 3.0 to wiesel, add the following features. A) Mono-sourcing B) Centralized database and C) build standardized interfaces to external systems. The system is developed on IBM 3090 using IMS DB/DC and VS COBOL II. My responsibilities include, Analysis and design of the enhancements. Development of MPP's, BMP's and heaney critical essay batch programs. Testing and Implementation.
June 1991 to November 1992 (Image and about ImagePlus) Image and ImagePlus (next version of Image) are office automation products designed to seamus, eliminate paper movement in the offices. The product has ability to capture, store, retrieve, display, distribute and print the captured information. Image 1.2 is developed using OS/VS COBOL in CICS, IMS DB/DC environments. ImagePlus 2.1 is my opinion developed using VS COBOL II with National Language Support (NLS) features. SDF II is used to develop the screens and REXX is used to develop utilities for heaney essay automating the NLS process. My responsibilities include, Development, Testing Implementation of online application programs. Dj Essay Google! National Language Support (NLS) Development of tools to support NLS. Product Support, Enhancements and Maintenance.
February 1990 to May 1991 (CBAM) Center for seamus critical essay Business Administration Manager (CBAM) is a software package developed to bill the customers for using the nyu essay funny, installation resources according to their usage. Each resource is associated to seamus heaney essay, a billing unit. The billing cost varies depending on the billing periods and holidays. The product can simulate and forecast future resources. CBAM is essay equality developed in three layers. Application Layer interacts with Database Layer and Dialog Layer. The online screens are developed using Dialog Tag Language (DTL). ISPF/DMS services are used for displaying the online panels/screens. The product is developed on IBM 3090 using DMS, REXX, DB2 and C. My responsibilities include, Development of dialog layer programs and follower seamus heaney essay screens. Elie Wiesel Thesis! Help Screens and Message Screens development.
National Language Support. System Support Maintenance. Additional Contact information is available on seamus the Information Page. Copyright(c) 1995 - 2001 Venny Nuthalapati and can a be solved method Software Contractors' Guild, Post Office Box 257,Nottingham, NH USA 03290-0257.
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An analysis of "Follower" by Seamus Heaney - GCSE English
kurt bergland resume Kurt Cobain est le fils d'un mcanicien et d'une serveuse. Follower Seamus Critical Essay. Enfant, il est dj si nerveux qu'on doit lui prescrire un mdicament base de morphine pour lui permettre de dormir la nuit et de se concentrer l'cole. Thesis. Son enfance fut relativement heureuse jusqu'au divorce de ses parents. Follower Seamus Heaney Critical. Il avait l'poque 7 ans et il sera traumatis par la rupture de la cellule familiale. Nyu Essay Funny. Comme s'il tait de trop, il va alors naviguer sans cesse entre le foyer de sa mre et de son pre jusqu' ce que personne ne veuille plus de lui. Follower Seamus Heaney Critical Essay. Il est alors plac chez d'autres membres de sa famille. A part la peinture et le chant, Kurt n'aime ni le football, ni les sport, ni les autres matires enseignes l'cole.
Il dteste l'attitude macho des autres garons et se plait d'avantage avec les filles. Thesis. Ds l'ge de 9 ans, il s'intresse aux Beatles , aux Monkees et autres groupes la mode. Follower Critical Essay. A 14 ans, il s'achte sa premire guitare et cherche son propre style en musique. About. Par la suite, il frquence le milieu musical Underground de Seattle . En mai 1985, il abandonne dfinitivement l'cole pour travailler, il occupe de multiples petits emplois et n'en conserve aucun. Seamus Essay. Il est class comme asocial et bien qu' htrosexue l on nyu essay funny le considre comme homosexuel. Essay. En 1986, il fonde Nirvana avec Kris Novoselic et Dave Grohl et devient le batteur du groupe.
Ils jouent beaucoup dans les petits clubs, se font connatre et deviennent populaires. Nyu Essay Funny. Kurt commence alors consommer des drogues dures dont il va devenir dpendant et travers les textes de ses chansons, il affiche clairement son ct suicidaire. C'est un garon introverti qui a bien du mal communiquer avec ses semblables et qui s'enferme en lui-mme en cultivant une attitude paranode. Follower Seamus Critical. Le 24 janvier 1992, il pouse Courtney Love, une ancienne strip-teaseuse devenue chanteuse, qui lui donnera une fille Frances Bean . Nyu Essay Funny. Les membres de son groupe esprent que Kurt va maintenant se calmer du fait qu'il a une pouse et une petite fille. Seamus Heaney Essay. Mais ils se droguent tous les deux et le couple se dchire sans cesse. En 1993, Kurt fait une surdose d 'hrone . Wiesel. Il prtend prendre de l' hrone pour calmer les douleurs d'un ulcre l'estomac Courtney menace de le quitter s'il ne change pas d'attitude. Follower Critical Essay. Kurt fait alors une tentative de dsintoxication dans un centre spcialis avant de s'enfuir en disant que c'tait un lieu pour des drangs . Essay On Sex. Le dernier concert de Nirvana lieu Munich le 29 mars 1994. Seamus Heaney. Une semaine plus tard, Kurt est hospitalis dans le coma puis, il s'vade de l'hpital et disparat dans la nature.
Son pouse engage un dtective priv pour le retrouver. By The Scientific Method. Le 8 avril 1994, Kurt Cobain est retrouv mort dans sa propre maison. Heaney Critical. Il s'tait tir, trois jours plus tt, le 5 avril 1994, une balle dans la bouche aprs s'tre inject une dose massive d' hrone . Nyu Essay Funny. Comme Janis Joplin, il avait 27 ans. Heaney. Avant de mourir, il a laiss une lettre sa femme en lui disant qu'il n'arriverait jamais 30 ans. Wiesel. Certains prtendront un moment que sa femme est la commanditaire de son assassinat pour se dbarrasser de son mari et pour une histoire de succession. Kurt Cobain a emprunt le mme sentier destructeur que d'autres lgendes du rock comme, Jimi Hendrix , Janis Joplin , Jim Morisson . Follower Essay. Aprs la mort de son mari, Courtney Love, sa veuve, continue d'avoir des problmes avec la drogue en 2003 ainsi qu'en 2005 o elle est mise en demeure par un tribunal de ne plus prendre de drogue.
est n le 20 fvrier 1967 07 h 20 PM soit 19 h 20 lgale. soit le 21 fvrier 1967 03 h 20 GMT. ABERDEEN - Etat de Washington - USA - 46° 58 N - 123° 48 W - Placide. Sources : Los Rodden's - Astro Databank et astrotheme par internet. Logiciel PULSAR - Christian Lamargot. Tel : 04 66 56 74 61.
Arrangement : H. On Sex Equality. Brgent. En effet, premire vue, le thme de Kurt Cobain rvle l'univers psychologique de quelqu'un de trs mal dans sa peau et dont les relations avec les autres ne seront pas aises non plus. Mais avant de dcrire les configurations astrales qui ont conduit L'Ange blond comme on seamus le nommait l'poque au suicide, nous allons voir les configurations qui lui ont permises de sortir de l'anonymat, de se faire connatre au public comme musicien et chanteur: C'tait un garon trs introverti avec dix plantes dans les signes de Terre et d'Eau. Nyu Essay Funny. Son thme affiche aussi une magnifique triangulation de la chance et de la facilit dans les signes d'eau de sensibilit et d'motivit qui sera l'origine de sa russite professionnelle : Il a son Ascendant ( Asc), la 1° branche de son caractre et de sa personnalit, dans le signe de grande simplicit et de modestie de la Vierge troitement encadr par des conjonctions d'un ct Pluton en XII et de l'autre Uranus en I qui font de lui un parfait marginal. D'ailleurs, on follower heaney critical essay peroit nettement dans sa musique les accents de l'angoisse et de l'anxit avec Pluton qui s'identifie la 1° branche de son Moi et la musique du type rock n' roll avec Uranus, matre de V, conjoint l'Asc Vierge. L'Asc Vierge et Uranus reoivent un sextile de Jupiter au Cancer et en XI. Essay. Le sextile de Jupiter l'Asc c'est la chance et la facilit pour raliser ses projets et ses esprances aid par des amis gnreux. Mais le sextile de Jupiter Uranus n'a pas pu stabiliser la rvolte d'Uranus. Le mme Asc Vierge et Uranus reoivent d'autre part un autre sextile de Neptune, matre de VII au Scorpion en II. Follower Seamus Critical. C'est la qualit de son Aura auprs d'un public de nature uranienne, scorpionnesque et neptunienne souvent li un univers trouble, l'angoisse, l'anxit et un besoin de fuite dans la drogue.
Mercure, l'expression, matre de l'Asc Vierge, 2° branche de son caractre et matre de son secteur X de la profession se trouve dans le signe de posie des Poissons et dans le secteur VI du travail. By The Scientific. A partir de cette position, malgr son carr au MC, il fait fonction de chef d'orchestre dans cette triangulation d'eau qui est le support de sa russite. Ce Moi mercurien aux Poissons est conjoint, par l'entremise du DS, Vnus l'amour, l'art et la chanson. Seamus Heaney. Cette Vnus est situe elle aussi dans le signe de posie des Poissons et en VII. Problem Scientific. C'est l'expression artistique par excellence. Follower Heaney. Et par sa conjonction Saturne, elle indique le srieux, la persvrance et la notion de dure dans son art, s'il avait vcu. Cette triple conjonction Mercure - Vnus - Saturne que nous venons d'analyser reoit des trigones de Jupiter en XI et c'est la chance et la facilit pour russir ses projets dans l'art, la chanson par son travail et par son public. D'autant mieux que le mme Moi mercurien des Poissons reoit encore un trigone de la Lune, la popularit, la foule, le public situ dans le signe galement motif du Cancer dans le secteur X de la profession. Pre K. Il sera donc populaire auprs de son public.
Le mme Moi mercurien , la 2° branche de sa personnalit, ainsi que Vnus l'amour, l'art et la chanson et Saturne dans le signe de la posie des Poissons qui reprsentent la qualit de son expression artistique comme nous l'avons vu plus haut, reoivent des trigones de Neptune en III et au Scorpion. Neptune par son trigone Mercure et Vnus aux Poissons va lui donner une excellente intuition au niveau de l'expression de son art. D'autre part, Neptune, la posie, l'irrationnel situ dans le signe du Scorpion en recevant un trigone de Saturne, matre du secteur V des crativits, va tre ainsi empch de se noyer dans un irrationnel confus et brouillon, Saturne, le srieux et le sens des responsabilits va obliger ce Neptune au Scorpion demeurer dans les limites de l'acceptable tout en lui permettant des mtamorphoses successives au niveau de ses crativits. Puis, il y a le trigone de Mars au Scorpion en II au Soleil aux Poissons en VI qui est l'aspect du courage et de la combativit pour gagner de l'argent pas son travail. Malheureusement, il semble bien que toutes les configurations bnfiques que nous venons de voir et qui ont permis Kurt Cobain d'atteindre la notorit et de se faire connatre ne sont pas en mesure de lutter contre les pulsions autodestructrices qui sont enfouies au plus profond de lui-mme et qui vont l'amener au suicide. Seamus Heaney. Ce schma est trs parlant : Il a un axe Vierge - Poissons qui est la fois celui du dvouement et celui de la sant sur lequel repose un axe I - VII qui rgle ses relations avec les autres et dans son couple ainsi qu'un axe pathologique VI - XII du travail et de la sant.
Cet ensemble est mortel comme nous allons le voir dans les transits du jour de son suicide, le 5 avril 1994 : Nous voyons que son Asc Vierge, la 1° branche de son Moi , conjoint d'un ct Uranus, le rock, la nervosit, la rvolte et plus grave, Pluton qui lui donne un premier complexe d'angoisse, d'anxit avec le syndrome de l'chec. Dj Essay Google. L'ensemble fait de lui un marginal par excellence. Seamus Essay. C'est aussi le rock hard. Avec l'opposition de Saturne en VII au Moi vierge , il se ramasse un second complexe d'angoisse, d'anxit avec syndrome d'chec aggrav par l'opposition de ce mme Saturne Uranus en I ce qui devient franchement une nvrose d'angoisse trs grave. Dj Essay Google. Et c'est prcisment pour chapper ses angoisses et ses anxits qu'il se droguait.
De plus, avec la conjonction de Saturne, matre de IV, Vnus aux Poissons en VII, ce qui est une frustration affective trs grave prenant ses sources dans l'enfance, il lui tait difficile d'aimer et d'tre aim dans son enfance et dans le couple. Critical. Nous en reparlerons plus largement un peu plus bas. Et pour corser le menu, l'opposition que l'Asc Vierge reoit de Mercure son matre partir du secteur VI est un solide complexe d'infriorit de celui qui n'a pas confiance en lui. About. Du fait que les deux parties de sa personnalit sont en conflit. De plus, l'opposition de Mercure, l'esprit, le mental et matre de l'Asc Uranus conjoint l'Asc Vierge indique un caractre, un esprit rigide, paranode capable de dvelopper une pathologie, un esprit paranoaque lors de mauvais transits en particulier.
Avec cet aspect, il se s'emprisonne dans ses ides, qu'il croie bonnes, alors qu'il est ct de la plaque. Heaney Essay. Ainsi, il sera pratiquement impossible ses amis de lui faire entendre raison. La preuve : lors d'une tentative de dsintoxication dans un centre spcialis, il s'enfuit en disant que c'tait un lieu pour des drangs . Pre K. Or le plus drang c'tait lui. L'opposition de son Moi mercurien ,aux Poissons en VI, Pluton, en Vierge en XII, lui donne un caractre, un esprit et un mental destructeur et surtout autodestructeur et un autre complexe d'angoisse et d'anxit qui le rend vulnrable dans les difficults de la vie. Et comme si cela n'tait pas suffisant l'opposition de Saturne en VII Pluton en XII c'est le complexe mortifre qui va le conduire au suicide, se donner la mort. Nous voyons aussi que l'Asc Vierge et son encadrement ainsi que Mercure, matre de l'Asc, matre de X aux Poissons en VI font des carrs au MC Gmeaux. Follower Seamus Critical. Il est vident que sa conduite de drogu et ses rapport avec ses collgues de travail ne vont pas tre aiss d'une part et que tout cela va lui faire beaucoup de tort sur le plan de la sant, dans son travail et dans sa vie sociale et professionnelle. Le carr de Mars, matre de VIII en II au Scorpion Jupiter au Cancer en XI peut lui amener de la malchance dans ses activits et ses placements financiers ou dans ses rapports avec ses amis. About My Opinion. Avec cet aspect, il doit viter de prter de l'argent ses amis.
Nous allons voir maintenant qu'elle configuration astrale tient sa dpendance aux stupfiants : Le Soleil, la volont, la lucidit, matre des secteur XI et XII se trouve dans le secteur VI de la sant, dans le signe globuleux et inconscient des Poissons au carr de Neptune, la drogue qui se trouve dans le signe du poison du Scorpion en MA. Follower Seamus Heaney Critical Essay. C'est aussi une trs grande inconscience. D'autant plus qu'entre en 1992 et la date de son suicide, le 5 avril 1994, Neptune transitait de 16 23° du Capricorne l'opposition de sa Lune natale au Cancer. C'est l'mergence du fameux Complexe d'Ophlie de la noyade dans l'alcool et la drogue comme ce fut le cas de Janis Joplin et le sien pour se fuir, pour fuir ses angoisses et ses anxits, ce terrible cancer de l'me va l'amener au suicide. Transits plantaires du jour de son suicide, le 5 avril 1994, par arme feu et overdose : En regardant ces transits, l'on aperoit que l'on peut mourir avec des bons aspects ou des bons transits dans son thme. My Opinion. De toute manire, les bons aspects ou les bons transits ne seront rellement efficaces que dans la mesure ou l'individu parvient, par un terrible effort sur lui-mme, solutionner, neutraliser les mauvais aspects ( MA ) ou les mauvais transits ( MT ) . Heaney Critical. Par contre, lorsque les dangers de mort rodent, j'ai remarqu que l'on trouve huit fois sur dix dans les transits les aspects suivant : Au moment de son suicide d'une overdose et d'une balle dans la bouche, les configurations ngatives du schma n°1, situ plus haut, sont ractualises. Nyu Essay Funny. J'en profite pour signaler l'extrme importance des conflits , des MA dans lesquels sont pris les facteurs du Moi, c'est--dire l'Ascendant et ses matres car de ce fait, l'individu est touch au cœur de lui-mme.
Dans le schma n° 1 du thme natal, nous voyons trs lisiblement un comp lexe mor tifre sous la forme d'une opposition Pluton - Saturne . Critical Essay. Dans les transits du jour de la mort, le 5 avril 1994, malgr un trigone de Pluton en transit Saturne natal, nous observons ceci : Primo : Pluton en transit passe sur Neptune natal et fait un carr au Soleil natal, la volont de briller au niveau suprieur de l'existence, sur lequel, transite, depuis dj fvrier 1994, Saturne, l'teignoir , dans le secteur VI du travail et de la sant. Night Elie Thesis. C'est ainsi que la nvrose d'angoisse, d'anxit d'origine est rebranche pour la circonstance et inutile de vous dire que le climat est plutt la dsesprance. Secundo : Mercure , son matre d'Asc Vierge et matre de son secteur X transite dans son secteur VII tranant derrire lui Mars , le matre du secteur VIII des crises et de la mort en opposition l'Asc Vierge encadr par Pluton et Uranus et au carr du MC Gmeaux. Vous vous doutez bien qu'en arrivant sur la conjonction ngative Saturne -Vnus natale en VII, ce transit rveille et rebranche sa frustration affective, son chec dans le couple et provoque des conflit avec autrui, son pouse et avec ses associs. Vous vous doutez bien qu'en faisant une opposition l'Asc Vierge et ses acolytes, ce transit ngatif de Mercure - Mars va recre au moment de la mort les problmes cruciaux du schma n°1. Vous vous doutez bien que cette conjonction Mercure -Mars en transitant en VII en faisant des carrs au MC Gmeaux ne vas pas arranger ses affaire au niveau de sa situation sociale et professionnelle. Mais pour mieux saisir encore le climat empoisonn, le climat nvrotique, le climat explosif ayant entran son suicide le 5 avril 1994, en plus de complexe mortifre analys plus haut, il est ncessaire de voir cette nouvelle quation dans le dtail : Primo : Mercure, l'esprit, la pense, le matre de l'Asc, le Moi mercurien qui transite l'oppos de l'Asc Vierge rebranche son complexe d'infriorit du natal du fait que les deux fonctions du Moi sont en conflit l'une avec l'autre.
Revoir ventuellement le schma n° 1. Mercure, l'esprit, la pense, le matre de l'Asc, le Moi mercurien qui transite l'oppos Pluton natal rebranche le complexe d'angoisse et d'anxit du natal qui le met en porte faux devant les vnements de la vie. Seamus Critical Essay. Cet aspect lui donne aussi un esprit angoiss, anxieux, tourment destructeur et autodestructeur comme ce fut prcisment le cas pour lui. Enfin, le mme Moi mercurien qui transite l'oppos d'Uranus natal en Vierge en I rebranche son esprit rigide, sa conduite paranode, voir paranoaque du natal. Nyu Essay Funny. De ce fait, il est impossible de lui faire entendre raison car c'est lui qui possde la vraie vrit . Secundo : Nous voyons que Mars suit Mercure . Follower Critical. Mars , le matre du secteur VIII des crises et de la mort par son opposition Pluton natal cre pour la circonstance l'aspect des vnements sanglants et explosifs . Problem Be Solved By The. En effet le coup de feu dans la bouche est pour le moins sanglant et explosif. Nous voyons que Mars , matre du secteur VIII des crises et de la mort fait une opposition son Asc Vierge. Critical Essay. C'est l'aspect de l'auto agressivit, l'aspect du rvolver tenu par ce Mars retourn contre sa personnalit physique. Enfin, l'opposition du mme Mars Uranus natal en Vierge en I n'arrange rien car c'est l'aspect des actes impulsifs et accidentels par excellence. Tertio : Nous voyons qu'entre en 1992 et la date de son suicide, le 5 avril 1994, Neptune transitait de 16 23° du Capricorne l'opposition de sa Lune natale au Cancer.
C'est le complexe d'Ophlie dj cit plus haut et qui pousse l'alcoolisme et la consommation de produits stupfiants. Problem Be Solved Scientific Method. Or, avant de mourir, il s'tait galement inject une forte dose d'hrone. Quarto : Sur le plan affectif les jeux taient faits et rien n'allait plus. Follower Seamus. Car en plus de la conjonction Mercure - Mars en VII qui chatouillait en transit la conjonction Saturne -Vnus du natal et qui mettait plus que jamais en lumire son complexe de frustration affectif et le caractre conflictuel de ses problmes conjugaux. En plus de cela, Vnus , la plante de l'amour et des sentiments transitait au Taureau et dans le secteur VIII des crises , oppose Mars natal au Scorpion en II. Dissertations. Et nous avons ici l'aspect de l'amour guerre, l'amour conflit, l'amour bagarre avec Courtney Love son pouse. Il arrive parfois que le fait d'avoir une vie affective, sentimentale et familiale harmonieuse parvient quilibrer un individu. Follower Heaney Essay. Kurt Cobain a bien essay mais sans y parvenir car chez lui, la charge ngative tait trop forte et le cadre affectif trop faible. Essay On Sex Equality. On peut d'ailleurs le voir sur des photos entrain de jouer avec sa fille. Follower Seamus Heaney. Il doit cela aux configurations astrales qui suivent : Mercure, matre de l'Asc conjoint Vnus aux Poissons en VII au trigone de la Lune au Cancer indique le dsir d'aimer au niveau de la vie de couple et de famille.
Saturne avec ses BA pouvant amener au niveau de ce souhait une notion de srieux et de dure. Et il est certain qu'avec une Vnus en VII, on dj essay google cherche l'amour dans le couple et avec un Lune au Cancer, on follower seamus souhaite se raliser sur le plan familial. D'autre part, le Moi mercurien et Vnus aux Poissons reoivent un trigone de Neptune, matre de VII, ce qui indique une notion de dvouement au niveau de l'amour de son conjoint. Mais alors pourquoi l'amour de sa femme et de sa fille n'ont pas pu le sauver en lui donnant une raison de vivre ? A mon avis c'est parce que cette pauvre Vnus est prise dans le conflit de l'axe Vierge - Poissons. Elie. En effet, cette Vnus, coince entre Mercure, le matre de l'Asc et Saturne, fait partie intgrante de sa nvrose d'angoisse, d'anxit et du complexe mortifre que nous avons vu plus haut. Cette pauvre Vnus ligote par Saturne est sentimentalement refroidie avec des difficults pour lui d'aimer et d'tre aim. Follower Heaney Essay. Et par dessus le marche, elle est d'une part oppose Pluton occasionnant ainsi des amours compliques et souvent dramatiques et d'autre part oppose Uranus avec une trop grande indpendance et des risques de ruptures. Je regrette de ne pas tre en mesure de faire une comparaison de thmes entre Kurt Cobain et Courtney Love pour la bonne raison qu'il circule au moins deux heures de naissances diffrentes pour Courtney Love . Nyu Essay Funny. C'est dommage car cela aurait t instructif sur la qualit de leur relation conjugale. Pour conclure, en toute bonne logique, l'on peut dire, comme pour Janis Joplin , sans risque de se tromper, que sur le plan psychologique, Kurt Cobain tait son pire ennemi, qu'il a eu beaucoup de mal vivre en paix avec lui-mme. Follower Heaney Critical Essay. Probablement inconscient de sa maladie, il n'est pas parvenu se gurir de cette terrible plaie psychologique, de ce cancer de l'esprit qu'est la nvrose d'angoisse et d'anxit qu'il porte au plus fond de lui-mme. Dj Essay Google. Le complexe d'angoisse et d'anxit est le pire de tout.
C'est le virus psychologique qui a dstructur Kurt Cobain l'intrieur de lui-mme et l'a pouss se rfugier dans la drogue dont l'issue finale sera la dchance et la mort. Follower Heaney Critical. Exactement comme ce fut le cas pour l'acteur franais Patrick Dewaere qui a subi le mme sort en 1982. Il faut dire et rpter sans cesse que le rle de l'astrologie psychologique et psychanalytique n'est pas de dire la bonne aventure mais de dceler les terribles flaux de l'me humaine par le truchement du thme natal de naissance et en avertir le propritaire du thme pour qu'il soit en mesure de mieux se protger.
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Why I Should Be Selected Essays and Research Papers. Why Should I Be Moral? The question of morality proves to seamus heaney essay be a complex interrogatory. Should . I be moral? If I should be, then why ? Why is morality important to society? An assumption can be made that morals derive from a purely religious perspective or the night Golden Rule approach. We are told that it is seamus critical right to night elie thesis be moral.
This is an ineffective answer, since it does not apply to someone outside the moral circle (Olsen, 79). This in mind, there is follower heaney critical really no way to prove this too a person. Ethics , Eudaimonia , Happiness 1406 Words | 5 Pages. There are many reasons I would like to night wiesel thesis go on seamus heaney essay, the field trip to Hawaii. The first reason is I love to travel and see new things. Wiesel Thesis! . This trip would be a dream vacation come true for anyone! The first six days look amazing with seven things on the list that I have never done before. Then the camping for six days sounds wonderful with farming, horseback riding, and follower seamus snorkeling, I have only gone horseback riding once and it was fun, plus my family is involved with horses so I know a lot about them!
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Corporal , Master Gunnery Sergeant , Military ranks 2170 Words | 4 Pages. Writing Center Should I Use “ I ”? Like Be the follower critical essay first of your friends to on sex like this. What this handout is about . This handout is about determining when to use first person pronouns (“ I ”, “we,” “me,” “us,” “my,” and follower heaney critical “our”) and dj essay google personal experience in academic writing. Follower! “First person” and “personal experience” might sound like two ways of essay saying the same thing, but first person and personal experience can work in follower seamus critical, very different ways in your writing. You might choose to use “ I ” but not make any reference. Academia , Grammatical person , Personal pronoun 2531 Words | 7 Pages. be a complex interrogatory. Should I be moral?
If I should be, then why ? . Why is nyu essay funny morality important to society? An assumption can be made that morals derive from a purely religious perspective or the Golden Rule approach. Heaney Critical! We are told that it is right to be moral. This is an ineffective answer, since it does not apply to someone outside the essay on sex equality moral circle This in seamus essay, mind, there is pre k dissertations really no way to prove this too a person who wants to seamus heaney know why he/she should be moral. According to Olen. Business ethics , Ethics , Eudaimonia 2395 Words | 7 Pages. Why Should I Want to Become a Teacher? Why I became a Teacher? When I was unfulfilled, working in the profession of social work, I decided . that I would need to help others for my job. That was in on sex equality, 2007.
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The practice of permanently putting ink on essay my opinion, your body has even become. Body art , Body modification , Culture 1010 Words | 3 Pages. Cholpon Kurmanalieva Why I believe in God I often used to ask myself in the past, “who created all . conveniences for human existence? Why is the distance between the follower Sun and the Earth comfortable for about my opinion, living? Why is there a good proportion of water and land; why do we have mountains, beautiful nature, animals and plants? Why do we have brain, 2 eyes, 2 feet, and heaney critical 2 hands? Sure, there’s somebody who regulates all these processes on essay on sex equality, the Earth to follower heaney make people live. And His name is God. Blaise.
Atheism , Barbra Streisand , Blaise Pascal 949 Words | 3 Pages. occurred simply by random chance, and it must have been created by an intelligent Creator. Night Elie Wiesel! I agree with the latter statement, and am writing . this to heaney articulate some of the essay my opinion reasons behind why I believe in God. Atheism is follower seamus critical essay sometimes portrayed as being more logical than believing God created the universe, but I think that belief in God, or Theism, is at least equally logical, and perhaps more logical than Atheism. I will be presenting three arguments supporting belief in nyu essay funny, God: the Scientific Argument, the. Atheism , Existence , Existence of God 1994 Words | 5 Pages.
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Why should prostitution be legal? Can anybody tell me what is essay considered to nyu essay funny be the world's most ancient profession? (doesn't . require education, mostly involves women) Some researchers confirm that prostitution is indeed the heaney critical essay most ancient profession, while others argue with it; however, everybody agrees that trading sex for money has existed for quite a while. According to problem by the method Wikipedia, prostitution began in the 21st century BC in Near East, most likely as a religious custom, and follower seamus was practiced by Greeks. Brothel , Decriminalization , Law 1462 Words | 4 Pages. Why Abortion Should Be Acceptable.
1 Abortion should be Acceptable under Good Reasons Rachel Garcia PHI: 107 Philosophy of dj essay google Human Conduct (GSI1022F) Eszter Barra-Johnson . June 28, 2010 Ashford University ABORTION 2 Abstract Abortions have been legal in the United States since 1973 after many lawsuits. Now there are controversial issues surrounding the topic of abortion. Is it right or is follower seamus heaney essay it wrong? Many people believe that it is wrong, but there should be exceptions when. Abortion , Abortion debate , Abortion law 2124 Words | 6 Pages. Why the Giver Should Not Be Banned. age group, censoring children from difficult subject matter is not always the solution. There is always controversy when difficult issues arise in adolescent . Dj Essay Google! geared novels. Even though there are many concerns with Lois Lowry’s The Giver, this book should not be banned from the Coopertown Middle Library. The Giver is about an eleven-year-old boy named Jonas is a light-eyed boy who lives in seamus heaney critical essay, a Utopian society.
Within his society, there is no suffering, no hunger, no war, no color, and no love. Dystopia , Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal 2222 Words | 6 Pages. Why Marijuana Should Be Decriminalized. Connor Biro - 2577567 English 102 Price 4/5/13 Why Marijuana Should Be Decriminalized in the U.S. “Marijuana, in its . natural form, is one of the most therapeutically active substances known to man” (qtd. in dj essay google, Rosenthal and Kubby 49). The DEA’s Administrative Law Judge, Francis L. Young, stated this in the matter of follower Marijuana Medical Rescheduling Petition, in 1988 when attempting to list marijuana as a Schedule II drug (Keene 93). Marijuana, or “weed,” is made from the leaves and flowers of the. Cannabis , Cannabis sativa , Decriminalization 935 Words | 3 Pages. influence over America’s youth, it is easy to understand why so many people have problems with hip-hop and rap music.
It is often said that . rap and hip-hop music is misogynistic and praises violence. Also, it is argued that this genre of music deepens generalizations and stereotypes about the African-American community. Just how Tom Bissell describes his love for videogames in the essay titled Extra Lives: Why Video Games Matter, as “an extra life” I too have a passion for hip-hop music and use it as. Funk , Gangsta rap , Grandmaster Flash 1022 Words | 3 Pages. he expected Gini to take over that task---after all, he couldn’t wear wrinkled clothes to can a problem scientific method his new job, could he? Poking fun at seamus critical essay, the responsibilities involved . in marriage is night wiesel thesis similar to the attitude presented in Judy Brady’s 1971 essay, Why I Want a Wife. In Why I Want a Wife, Brady offers hypothetical criteria for an ideal wife in a satirical commentary on how the work of wives is heaney critical essay often taken for granted. The humor of the essay lies in its structure: on the surface it seems to accept the criteria. Irony , Jonathan Swift , Marriage 2941 Words | 7 Pages. ?In Why I Want a Wife, Brady offers hypothetical criteria for essay, an ideal wife in a satirical commentary on how the work of wives . is often taken for granted.
The humor of the essay lies in its structure: on the surface it seems to essay accept the criteria it puts forth, while the meaning actually operates in the recognition that the narrator is being sarcastic. Using writing as one of her tools for activism, Judy (Syfers) Brady has established herself as a supporter of the women’s movement since she. Irony , Jonathan Swift , Marriage 2263 Words | 5 Pages. China Grove In Eudora Welty's story, ? Why do I Live At The P.O., the equality main character directs the focus of the reader through her . Seamus Critical Essay! own point of nyu essay funny view. The story is heaney set in a small Mississippi town, sometime after World War II. The time and the place have a significant effect upon the language used. By The Scientific Method! This helps to create an overall mood that is dominated by follower heaney, Southern prejudices, interpersonal ignorance and simplicity; for example, Sister says ?Nigger girl? (1031) words that now demonstrate racism but at. 2001 deaths , Eudora , Eudora Welty 777 Words | 3 Pages. 2010 Why I Am Attending College Why did you decide to go to college at nyu essay funny, this moment in follower, your life? Each and nyu essay funny every . one of us possesses distinctive reasons for follower heaney critical essay, attending college.
Many of us have reasons are completely legitimate and nyu essay funny then there are many of us that are going for irrelevant reasons that many of us don’t comprehend or pertain to getting an seamus critical education. The reasons that I am going to college are to make more money so I can have financial independence, be qualified for dj essay google, a field so I can. Academic degree , Associate's degree , Bachelor's degree 1129 Words | 3 Pages. ?Today I am here to talk to you all about a problem that is far-reaching the nation. According to the National Cancer Institute. Heaney Critical Essay! Each Year an can a problem be solved by the method . Follower Seamus Essay! estimate of nyu essay funny 443,000 people die from smoking, but the seamus heaney damaging effects of smoking do not stop with the smoker. Can A Problem By The Scientific Method! An estimated 88 million nonsmoking Americans, including 54% of seamus children under the essay on sex age of 12, are open to secondhand smoke and about 46,000 non-smoking Americans die from second hand smoke exposure a year.
Over the past few years two of my uncles have. Lung cancer , Passive smoking , Smoking 1201 Words | 3 Pages. In this page I will be sharing with you my decision to home educate my children. Follower Seamus Heaney Critical Essay! I have broken it down into two parts as it has . become a rather long post! I didn’t realise that I had so much to say. It would have been a lot longer if I had included all the finer details. Sit back and relax as I talk to you about my decision to home educate. I truly believe that I am being led in dj essay google, this direction by follower critical, the Lord. I remember this time last year sitting in my car, parked on elie thesis, the side road reading a book. Alternative education , Growing Without Schooling , Homeschooling 1624 Words | 4 Pages.
Why I deserve a raise? One of the follower seamus most important aspects of my life right now is pre k dissertations my job. I've accomplished many goals and . met standards set by you. I always listened to what you had to say and respected your authority. I've never been late to work; working 5 days a week. No matter how busy we get I've always managed to keep the critical essay box in balance and keep my customers satisfied. When the nyu essay funny time comes and there is something new to do, you give me instructions and let me know what to heaney critical essay do. Every. Car wash , Customer , Customer service 972 Words | 3 Pages. “ Why I Want to Be a Teacher” First of all, I love kids and it has always been my dream and passion to become an dj essay google . educator. Essay! For most people, the problem be solved by the scientific method word teacher is seamus heaney critical defined as someone who is responsible for informing or teaching someone something.
But not everyone would have the same meaning or image for a teacher. Teachers have a very important role of shaping the lives of young children and preparing them to become productive citizens in our community and with these types of responsibilities teachers. Childhood , Education , Educational psychology 868 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Want to be a Fire Fighter Being a Firefighter today is equality a demanding and dangerous job. From mixed views of the profession . from the public, all should respect what danger a firefighter faces day in and day out.
Being a firefighter is more than just putting out fires. Follower Seamus Heaney! They have many more calls such as EMS and on sex car accidents not including all the heaney critical false calls. What possibly could drive this writer to risk his life day in and day out for people he doesn’t even know? Well this writer will be a future. College , Fire , Fire department 976 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Should Be Promoted to PFC. PV2 Champlin 11 OCT 2010 Here are a few reasons on why . I believe that I should be promoted to PFC.
First, I’m ready to further my career as an enlisted soldier. Essay! Being the best I can be is all I’ve ever wanted and I’m ready to take the next step in essay, the army with being promoted to PFC. Secondly, I’m ready to take on more responsibility as that shows that I’m becoming a better soldier and beginning to make progress on my opinion, becoming a leader because with more rank comes. Debut albums , Enlisted rank , Help me 496 Words | 2 Pages. Running head: WHY I WOULD BE A TEACHER Why I Would Be a Teacher Diana C. Follower Seamus Critical! Worley Grand Canyon . University: EDU 310 (0206) December 19, 2010 Why I Would Be a Teacher Teaching is a dignified, desirable, and demanding occupation. Dj Essay Google! It is a profession which requires knowledge, patience, understanding, and a growing desire to help others.
Unfortunately, it is most often under paid, underappreciated, and undervalued by numerous standards. So why does the follower critical essay writer of this paper want to teach? Was. Education , History of education , Motivation 762 Words | 3 Pages. College “My reasons for pre k, college are probably just like everyone else’s. I went to follower heaney critical college because I wanted a better life for . Can A Be Solved Scientific! myself and heaney essay better myself. I wanted to find a job that I would not be living paycheck to paycheck like my parents had to do when they first got married. I mean, no one wants to live that way?
I know for a fact that I did not want that, and that is essay about why I choose to follower critical essay go to college, even more than is the main reason why college was so important to me. Nyu Essay Funny! Another reason, both my parents didn’t. English-language films 1158 Words | 3 Pages. Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized. want it to be a crime with severe punishments. With this paper, I will show you the true facts behind marijuana; the facts that are . Seamus Critical Essay! misconstrued and altered by older generations of people who want nothing more than to abolish the essay on sex equality drug. In the first section of my paper, I will explain the science of the drug and how it actually affects a persons mind as well as debunking many of the popular myths among people. In the second section I will look into follower heaney essay the current laws and policies about the drug and. Cannabinoid , Cannabis , Cannabis sativa 1862 Words | 5 Pages. ? why did you choose the members you did?
Why did you put each one in the role you chose? Lead Agent: Sam Type your reason . for choosing your Lead Agent here. I chose sam, because he has a lot of experience with leading teams, and dj essay google been in heaney essay, charge of essay on sex several assignments that were successful. Seamus Heaney Essay! He has had lots of years in the lead role, and dj essay google has been very successful with the assignments he has been given . Follower Heaney Essay! Assistant Lead Agent: Type your reason for choosing your Assistant Lead Agent hEmily. Choice architecture , Cognition , Critical thinking 664 Words | 3 Pages. If I Should Die Before I Wake Essay. On the cover of If I Should Die Before I Wake I put Hilary in her hospital bed reliving some of the . events in Chana’s life. There are images of dissertations children being questioned by Nazi’s, families being taken to the ghetto or concentration camps and follower heaney people behind fences.
Beneath the title there is also a heart rate which represents Hilary’s cardiac monitor while she’s in the hospital. My favorite character in the book is Anya. Anya is one of Chana’s younger sisters. I like Anya because despite. Antisemitism , Father , Israel 992 Words | 3 Pages. ?Ezra Schwarcz Why I Write Like Joan Didion before me, I stole the title of my essay from George Orwell. But . unlike her, I didn’t steal it because I like the sound of the words that share the dissertations same sound, but rather because there is no better way to display so clearly the purpose of this essay. “ Why I Write” exemplifies Orwell’s brilliance in writing in a manner that explicitly articulates the follower seamus heaney essay author’s motivations and aspirations. In it, he discloses, “that of late years I have tried to dj essay google write. 2003 invasion of Iraq , Baghdad , George W. Bush 2013 Words | 6 Pages.
Why abortion should be illegal An abortion is the medical process of ending a pregnancy so it does not result in critical, the birth . of a baby. Dissertations! Abortion has always been a major issue of discussion in our society and heaney critical there are always different opinions on essay on sex, abortion. I am against this practice and I think abortion should be illegal. To start with, it is false to claim that no one knows when life begins and dishonest to argue that abortion does not kill a human being. Every new life begins at conception. Abortion , Childbirth , Human 1032 Words | 3 Pages.
circumstances -- can be both a bully or a victim simply depending on follower heaney critical, the conditions. But, deny as you might, a frank evaluation of life will reveal a . startling conclusion, that many many situations boil down to these basics: bully, victim, bystander. Now why is that? Well, you -- like every other living thing on about, this planet -- are just a big carbon-based (instead of silicon-based) computer. Follower Seamus Heaney Critical! You are a painstakingly intricate vessel meant to equality accomplish one thing and one thing alone. Seamus! You are to carry a code. 2008 singles , Bullying , Government 2617 Words | 6 Pages. ? Should I Relocate for a Job?
Jiahui Wang Brock University 5515135 Case Study Report PMPC . 6P11 Georgina Keller November 23, 2013 1. Problem Identification As for an international student or recent graduate, a dream job would be located in a preferable city with well-paying salary, a comfortable working environment and plenty of opportunities for growth. However, reality is often different from ideal. Thus, the news concerning labor shortage and skills. Cost of living , Human resource management , Management 1146 Words | 4 Pages. Introduction Why I became a nurse. About My Opinion! As a child I was taught many good values. My mother had a strong belief in . God and seamus heaney critical essay she preached her beliefs to the family. I was taught not to dj essay google be judgmental, treat others as though you would like to be treated, life is very special, love one another as you love yourself, be caring, kind, and responsible. My mother was a great influence on me. Growing up in a family of nine children, there wasn’t much money to pay for heaney, medical care. Essay On Sex Equality! She tried to keep her children.
Family , Health , Health care 1586 Words | 4 Pages. Why marijuana should be legalized. Should We Legalize Marijuana? In the perspective of America's war on drugs, marijuana is follower critical one of the essay biggest enemies. And since alcohol . and tobacco, two life threatening substances, are legal it is a relevant question to ask why marijuana is heaney essay illegal. Pre K! The taxpayers of America can partly answer this question when they fill out their tax forms and when they hear the hash rhetoric used against marijuana by the government.
The fact that marijuana is illegal is sufficiently caused by the amount of. Drug addiction , Drug Enforcement Administration , Federal government of the United States 1279 Words | 4 Pages. “I wonder if Princeton should be poorer.” “Princeton in the nation’s service and in follower seamus heaney critical essay, the service of all nations.” Back in my opinion, January, when I asked high school seniors to send in seamus critical essay, college . application essays about money, class, working and the economy, I wasn’t sure what, if anything, would come in night elie, over the transom. Seamus! But 66 students submitted essays, and with the help of Harry Bauld, the author of “On Writing the College Application Essay,” we’ve selected four to pre k dissertations publish in full online and in part in seamus critical essay, this column. That allowed us to nyu essay funny be slightly. College , Essay , Essays 728 Words | 3 Pages. C. Today we will be talking about why cheerleading should be a sport, the mental and physical strength it takes, how other . sports relate to cheer, how much time it takes, and what injuries can be involved with it. 2. Why cheer should be a sport?
A. Cheer is one of my favorite sports because it takes practice, strive for perfection, endurance, and its year around. I . I’m not saying that your sports don’t have that too, just stating why it’s my favorite sport. Heaney Critical! B. Not many. 2008 albums , Basketball , Cheering 1002 Words | 3 Pages. Falling off a bicycle can cause sober and night elie wiesel sometimes serious head injuries. Wearing a helmet helps to essay protect our vital organs - the brain. We . should wear helmets every time we are cycling, as well as kids. Even if a child thinks this is uncool and he looks funny, you should tell him that, it looks way less cool to have face all scarred up from sliding on the concrete or dirt.
Research shows that half of the injuries received by dj essay google, cyclists are to the face and head and about 75% of all bicyclist deaths. Bicycle , Bicycle helmet , Bicycle safety 911 Words | 3 Pages. Why should people travel? This is the story of a woman, who travelled the world to find that the best place is home. Follower Seamus! However, . the journeys took her across continents over oceans. This story began when a little girl was sitting on her porch watching the pedestrians fleeting by. When suddenly a huge noise jolted her out of her day dreaming, and all she saw was a metal bird flying overheard.
The noise made her shudder and she ran into the house screaming for her Dad. Running into can a problem be solved his arms, with no. Asia , Continent , Culture 1205 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Hate HR MGT/431 Why I Hate Hr The issue we are addressing in this assignment . below is the problems of Human Resource Management; the author has written the seamus essay topic “ Why we hate HR?”. He has listed several issues faced such by the human resource management – managers and there is dj essay google quite a number of times having to distance themselves from the employees. Heaney Critical Essay! He has started his case by talking about about “ why human-resource does not do such a good job”, and how can we fix it? then he continues. Human resource management , Human resources , United Nations 1067 Words | 3 Pages. ?Darren A. Benedict Professor M English 101 3 February 2015 Why Marijuana Should Be Legal Marijuana is something that’s not . peculiar in follower heaney, today’s generation; music, TV shows, and movies seem to can a problem be solved refer to seamus essay it nowadays.
The debate on whether marijuana should be legal has been going on for a long period of time now. The argument intensifies even more now that four states in the US have legalized marijuana for recreational use. When smoking marijuana tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) the leading stimulant is released. Cannabis , Global Marijuana March , Hashish 1256 Words | 5 Pages. up as a child I was always told by dj essay google, the adults around me that without a good education, I would not be able go far in life. But, . for follower critical essay, me trying to essay on sex equality get my education was probably the hardest thing I could even attempt to do. Ever since I could even remember I’ve always despised the early morning routine of follower heaney critical waking up and waiting on essay on sex equality, my Mother to warm up her car to take us to the only Elementary school that was located in the small city of heaney essay Gastonia, North Carolina. Essay Equality! School for me was a drag; I was enrolled.
College , Education , High school 1062 Words | 3 Pages. say it I hate writing I absolutely positively hate it. If I had to choose between writing and follower seamus essay getting a tooth . pulled let’s just say that I would be missing a lot of on sex equality teeth. The reasons I hate writing are numerous. I can’t just single out one of them and say “This is why I hate writing!” then go on some dramatic rant of an follower seamus critical experience I had years ago that led me to on sex hating writing today. There are many things that contribute to heaney this hatred, one being that I absolutely hate explaining myself. I always. Debut albums , Grammar , Hatred 1084 Words | 3 Pages.
society that is educated is better equipped to deal with the dissertations upcoming of a more globalized world. Follower Essay! Eventually, countries will need to compete against people . from other countries whose educational systems may be superior to theirs, which is why every government should pay for college for its own citizens. Currently, over 12 million people in the United States are unemployed, where only elie wiesel, eight percent of them are college graduates. Evidently, people that graduate from college are much more likely. College , Education , Higher education 624 Words | 3 Pages.
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An analysis of "Follower" by Seamus Heaney - GCSE English
100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. Heaney Essay. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. For your paper, you will pick an issue to research. You will need to can a be solved method, be sure that this is an seamus heaney critical essay, arguable issue, which means it is one that people hold different views about. As you read through information on this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into a single statement which states your position. This could be a claim of fact, definition, cause, value, or policy. Note: Some teachers use the term argument essay and pre k dissertations, others call it a position essay. These terms mean the same thing and are used interchangeably in this article. Is there a way to seamus heaney essay, reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in how they do their job? (value) Should the about racial make-up of a police department be the same as the community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. shows have regulations? (policy) What is true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to compete at follower heaney essay athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for nyu essay funny, free play? (value) What is the cause of the increase in follower heaney child obesity? (cause) How can we encourage children to be more active? (policy) Should people on welfare be required to submit to pre k, drug testing? (policy) Why do so many celebrities have terrible life problems? (cause) Should media coverage be regulated? (policy) What is the effect of follower seamus heaney media coverage on elections? (fact) What is human trafficking? (definition) How can human trafficking be stopped? (policy) How do elected female officials differ from elected males? (fact) How important is it to have equal representation of genders and races in night wiesel thesis political office? (value) How can we support the election of follower seamus heaney critical essay more females to political offices? (policy) How can we get more minorities to become police officers? (policy) How can the rights of artists and dj essay google, writers be protected on follower heaney, the Internet? (policy) Why should you pay for your music? (value) Does religious persecution exist? (fact) Should people be allowed to pre k, make designer babies? (value) What can be done to reduce unemployment among young African American men? (policy) Should the minimum wage be raised or lowered? (policy) This essay argues that sometimes, a nursing home can be the best choice.
Poor Across Oceans. This essay argues that we need to care more for essay, people in can a by the developing countries. Hunger Hurts. Heaney. How can we solve the problem of hunger? Should we have a national high school exam? (policy) Is private school tuition (elementary, high school, or college) really worth it? (value) Does statewide testing (like the TAKS/STAAR test in Texas) really increase student knowledge? (cause) Should colleges abolish reliance on SAT and ACT scores in nyu essay funny admissions? (policy) How should the country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the U.S. Essay. adopt an nyu essay funny, educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to graduate from high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in education? (value) What is the value of follower seamus heaney critical essay a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to essay, take foreign language courses (or any other type of specific course)? Does adding days to the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to spend money on fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is seamus essay not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the way humans think. Essay About My Opinion. (fact) Texting and cell phone use has caused young people to be less able to concentrate and focus (or you can do the reverse—has caused them to be able to handle multi-tasking more effectively and efficiently). (cause) Cell phones have changed the way we relate to each other in follower seamus heaney essay positive ways. (value) Cell phones, texts, and emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. (value) Textbooks should be replaced by night thesis i-Pads and online resources. Follower Seamus. (policy) How are online technologies changing the way we live? (policy) How is technology changing our definition of what it means to nyu essay funny, be human? (value) What laws should we have about cell phone use in cars? (policy) How is social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on Facebook by college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to experiment on heaney essay, human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and possible uses in the future? (definition) Which kind of topic are you most interested in? Is China the Next Superpower? (Fact)
How should we respond to the global problem of night thesis illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the follower heaney critical essay immigration problem in the U.S.? (fact) What is the relationship between immigration and nationality? (definition) What causes people to immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the problem scientific method U.S. have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the follower heaney critical essay right to require people to prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to immigrate? Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in the U.S.? Who are they and where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games? Have We Gone Too Far? Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the U.S. Elie Thesis. continue to act as a policeman for other countries? (value) How should the United States defend itself against terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the U.S. engaging in cyber attacks on other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the way Americans feel about themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in the U.S. increase or decrease? (policy) How important is race to heaney critical essay, American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from Latin America affect the culture of America? (fact) Why do Americans think in terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for people to adopt children from another ethnic group? (value) What is pre k dissertations culture? (definition) What is the value of knowing your racial and cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to be appreciative of other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and if so, what can we do about follower heaney essay, it? (fact) How can we resolve the economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to provide clean water for everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for providing clean water to other nations? (value) How will the worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to stop poaching of endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to help clean up the earth? (fact) What is the importance of clean water? (fact) What is the relationship between health and equality, pollution? (fact) How does the follower heaney current trend of night wiesel thesis species extinction compare to the past? (fact) What can Americans do to stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the dangers of disease in seamus heaney essay the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to nyu essay funny, look through your textbook to find essays to seamus heaney critical essay, spark ideas. In my class, we use a book by Nancy Wood called Perspectives on Argument . In the back of this book is a list of suggested issues and articles related to those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for looking for a topic. You can take an idea from the article you like and pre k dissertations, then research it to find out what different people think about seamus heaney essay, that issue. Dissertations. Still having trouble finding a topic?
Try looking up an seamus heaney critical, issue you are interested in on YouTube. You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the title of a video can give you a main idea and title. Especially look for ideas that can be turned into questions that you can argue pro or con. Nyu Essay Funny. Whether you go online or look at a paper copy, you can use the news to give you an idea of what to write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. How to Write an follower heaney essay, Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 16. 100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32. How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40.
100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. Essay On Sex Equality. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and an interesting personal connection. I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion. Follower Seamus Critical. Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and ask the question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not.
Finish with telling the end of your story. See my articles on How to write an argument paper and How to write a position paper for full instructions. Wondering how to write a position essay. Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the essay about child protective services but much is not being done. Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of our family's frustration about the follower essay situation, don't know how to be solved by the scientific, go about writing this essay.
Virginia Kearney 4 weeks ago from United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to critical essay, write different kinds of position or argument papers. I have several different articles that can lead you step by step through the process. Scientific. Can you please help me in follower seamus heaney my position paper? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Can A Problem By The Method. Roami, You have an interesting idea. Follower Heaney Critical Essay. I think one way for you to get some good information to start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in the instruction first. Next, you might want to interview some people to find out their positions and to problem be solved scientific, get some quotes on this topic. Finally, you might want to critical essay, get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to dj essay google, learn better. In the United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in follower seamus heaney critical their own language at least at first often do better in dj essay google the long run than a child who is seamus heaney critical fully immersed in night elie thesis English.
In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in follower heaney that language by pre k dissertations age 12. However, if they entered an all English school later, they were often not able to catch up. However, that only works if the follower seamus critical essay child is in a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in the U.S. Dissertations. but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together). You have a wonderful topic and one that is very important for seamus heaney critical essay, your country to equality, consider. I wish you great success in your paper.
pls, i need u to look into this position topic for me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in follower seamus heaney critical schools. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from elie wiesel thesis, United States. Hi Sam, you might want to try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the negative of any idea here or in one of my many other argument essays. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to seamus heaney, go against what most people think. Here are a few ideas just to elie, get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of follower heaney our top 5 presidents. Elie. Why we should leave ISIS alone. Why race is less a problem in America than Europe. Why the leader of North Korea isn't really crazy. I have this assignment of playing the role of devil's advocate and I can't think of a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic).
Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Follower Seamus Heaney Essay. Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. I had not thought about schools making rules against nyu essay funny fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in school if they were fasting for a longer period than a day or two. That could cause a school to be concerned. Thanks for your comment and follower seamus heaney, idea. Elie. Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago. I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for a topic. Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in seamus critical essay schools? This topic facsinates me and I do hope you will consider it. I have chosen a topic to use for a paper from this webpage and will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn.
Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from can a scientific, United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of follower heaney culture you are writing about which makes it hard to help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by essay talking about what you agree with about modern music and acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to it. Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to appreciate that kind of music. Follower Essay. I need help on my regerian Argument eassy on wiesel, culture. I dont now how to start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks. Preston Heard 8 months ago. Seamus. These are great topics for nyu essay funny, the upcoming research essays. Follower Seamus Heaney Critical. I will definitely be using one of them. Thank you for this resource!
Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. Excited for your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago. This article along with many of the other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to be solved, your class! Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Look for my articles about how to write argument or position essays for essay, lots of ideas on how to introduce essays and find sources. Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print). One easy way to start your introduction is to tell a story about can a problem be solved by the, a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by others) when they are able to share about seamus heaney critical, their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. I am doing an Apa essay on essay, should schools be required to teach multiculturalism any idea on how I should start my intro and what sources I should use?
Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on seamus critical essay, how to write different sorts of essays. You can use the search engine on HubPages to pre k dissertations, find them, or look at the links that usually appear when you pull up one of my articles. Search Argument essays or How to Write a Position Essay or just type in VirginiaLynne. To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face. Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to start . Seamus Heaney. My topic is night elie wiesel cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to essay, face . It is from yours sample :) thank you.
I think that is video gaming good or bad is a great topic to night wiesel thesis, choose. Virginia Kearney 18 months ago from United States. Heaney Essay. Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is beauty? could be a topic. You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Jumanah Alsaif 18 months ago. Is the topics What is true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the dj essay google definition of seamus heaney critical beauty is different for each individual. Pre K. Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago.
Thank you so much for posting! This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Excellent work buddy! Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from follower critical essay, Northeast Ohio.
Great topics for a variety of essay on sex equality essays for seamus heaney critical, everyone who needs to be inspired. Voted up for useful! That Tom Hanks video is hilarious. These ideas are very thought-provoking and problem be solved method, inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from follower seamus critical essay, United States. Cindy A. So glad I was able to give you some good information! Unbelievable.
You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much. Thank you for these great topics. VJG 2 years ago from Texas. This would be an interesting article for school students. They always seem to dj essay google, struggle for essay ideas.
Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from follower, United States. Hi Safa--Here are the main steps: 1. Choose a question you are going to write about. Then think about what your answer to the question is going to be. 2. Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay. That is your thesis (the answer to your question). 3. Essay On Sex Equality. Decide who you want to seamus essay, persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Think about what that reader already knows and believes about your topic. That will help you develop your arguments.
The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis. Those reasons will be the main body part of essay about my opinion your essay. 5. Think of examples or evidence which supports each of follower heaney those reasons.
That is essay my opinion what you will use to seamus critical essay, support those three reasons. 6. Pre K. What objections will your reader have? Write those out and also your answers to those objections. This will be a paragraph after your reasons. 7. For your conclusion think of what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from critical essay, United States. Hi katha- if you look at elie the bottom right blue box I have the links to sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by my students under their own names here on hubpages. Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.
Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is a very good topic. You can also narrow that to particular types of vaccinations that are new like the seamus critical essay chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Nyu Essay Funny. Another possible argument on this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the heaney essay main reason for better health in people today than in the past. Is the right to vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. I think you can do something related to night elie, obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for follower seamus heaney, your health. Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce.
Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Xstatic--I love the fact that you do have a position on night elie, everything--I like to look at heaney critical essay all sides of things and problem by the scientific method, that is follower heaney critical essay great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the can a by the scientific method devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to just nail down my own point of view! Jim Higgins 5 years ago from Eugene, Oregon. A great how to for position papers. I have not written one for years, though I have a position on almost everything.
Useful Hub and follower seamus, well done as usual. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and problem, company names shown may be trademarks of essay their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on dj essay google, this page based on affiliate relationships and follower essay, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and dj essay google, others.
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An Analysis of Follower by Seamus Heaney – Reviews Rants and
design essays In 1963, Dennis Gabor, Nobel laureate for his invention of the heaney essay holograph, said The future cannot be predicted, but futures can be invented (Gabor, 1963). Pre K Dissertations. This statement has become a mantra in recent times, attributed to seamus heaney critical essay many who are simply rephrasing Gabor. Alas, the slogan, wonderful though it may sound, is false. The most successful inventions transform the world in ways that are impossible to foresee at the time of the invention. Dj Essay Google. The statement should really be yet another of my laws: My law of prediction: The future cannot be predicted, not even by follower, trying to invent it. Although inventions can change the nyu essay funny future, their long-term impact cannot be predicted. So, invent all you like, just don't try to predict the follower essay impact several decades later.
Technology Forces Us To Do Things We're Bad At. Time To Change How Design Is Done. Distractibility isn't a human problem; it's a design problem, writes usability expert Don Norman. Essay Equality. We need to reverse the normal technological strategy of asking people to fill in for gaps in follower heaney critical, machine performance. Instead, we should require machines to pre k fill in for gaps in human performance. Follower Essay. After all, technology was invented to enhance people's lives, not the other way around. Let's build technologies that empower us, allow us to use our creative abilities, and relieve us of the stuff we are not good at.
Design, business models, and essay equality, human-technology teamwork. As automation and artificial intelligence technologies develop, we need to think less about the design of human-machine interfaces and more about the design of human-machine teamwork. The Future of Design: When you come to a fork in the road, take it. Design started out follower heaney essay, as a craft, primarily focusing upon the creation of beautiful objects to become a powerful force in industry. Essay. Today, design has gone far beyond its simple origins as a craft to develop powerful new ways for people to interact with the essay world, emphasizing experience, not technology. Moreover, it has evolved into a way of thinking, of problem discovery, and of enhancing the lives of individuals, the experience of the workforce, and even the health of the about my opinion planet. Are these new developments compatible with the craft traditions of the old? Is this a fork in the road, with some continuing the craft tradition of enhancing the emotional experiences of our products and others taking the seamus other path, moving design thinking into all endeavors, but far removed from the elie history and mainstream practice of today.
What is the future of design? We are at a fork: Which path should we take? I take my answer from the famed American baseball player Yogi Berra who said, When you come to a fork in the road, take it. Norman Stappers (2016). DesignX: Design and complex sociotechnical systems. I am pleased to follower heaney essay say that the pre k dissertations paper by P.J. Stappers and me on DesignX has been published, along with several commentaries and then a response by the authors.
With citation and URL for the package. Vox Media on Norman Doors. Follower Seamus Critical Essay. 'Bad doors are everywhere' A video that is both instructional and fun. The article text concludes by dj essay google, saying Don Norman's seminal book on design, The Design of critical essay Everyday Things, . (p)ublished 25 years ago, it remains just as relevant today. Doors shouldn't need instructions.
When most people complain about something, nothing happens. But Norman is not most people -- he's a psychologist and cognitive scientist. So his writing about his complaints is so incredibly thorough that he changed the way design works. And the nyu essay funny human-centered design revolution he sparked changed not only how designers work, but also how people in fields like public health work to make the world a better place. This is heaney critical essay, why Melinda Gates believes human-centered design is nyu essay funny, one change that could save the world. To find out what all this has to do with crappy doors, watch the follower seamus heaney essay video. How Apple is Giving Design a Bad Name. Bruce Tognazzini and I document the many shortcomings of Apple's current design philosophy in can a scientific, this Fast Company article. The science in the science of design. Design is a complex field. Some components of design already are based upon follower heaney critical essay good science, usually from the behavioral and cognitive sciences.
Some are at the pre-scientific level of understanding. I believe that with a proper attitude toward evidence-based studies, these areas can also become either scientific, or at night elie wiesel least rigorously proven to be effective when used under well-understood circumstances. Some aspects of design seem primarily based upon seamus essay human creativity, sense of nyu essay funny style, and other socially mediated conventions. These may never be scientific, but they do play a critically important role in the quality and acceptance of design. So, can design be a science? Sometimes yes, sometimes no.
Can it be empirically based, evidence driven? Yes. Will it have to reply on intuition and the creativity of individual designers? Sometimes, yes. Design is seamus, a multi-faceted, complex enterprise. Dj Essay Google. It involves the initial choice of what to make, a deep understanding of people, of follower critical essay materials, and of technology. It requires understanding how people decide upon essay on sex purchase, and then use products. It covers an follower heaney critical extremely wide range of activities and dissertations, different disciplines of study and training. It is this depth and richness that makes design such a wonderful, fascinating field. Affordances: Commentary on the Special Issue of AI EDAM. The Journal Artificial Intelligence for heaney essay Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing published a special issue on Affordances and asked me to comment on the collection.
The concept of affordances has an interesting history, starting with the keen observations and thoughts of the perceptual psychologist, J.J. Gibson in the late 1970s, moving into the world of design and then into engineering design. As a result of this disciplinary migration, the concept of dissertations affordance leads several rather separate lives within these different fields -- ecological psychology, Design, and engineering design -- with each field barely aware of the work being done in the others. Follower Seamus Heaney. All communities make valuable contributions from elie wiesel their perspective of the follower heaney critical issue. I continue to look forward to a merging of disciplines, where the insights of all fields can be brought together to on sex form a new, harmonious whole, with many new and exciting emergent properties. From the very beginnings of time, Ben Shneiderman has been busy photographing all that he sees. Ben was active in the pre-history days of the folks who tried to understand the newly-developed computing machines, especially as they moved into people's homes, offices, and schools. Eventually, that field became known as Human-Computer Interaction, with its major society being CHI. He has finally collected them together: here they are -- all the old folks (such as me). Such old folks portrayed by photos from heaney essay their youth, so I can barely recognize some of them: I can barely recognize me. A Product Is More than a Product -- Consider the Chair.
Imagine how the 21st century chair might perk up when guests arrive, autonomously transforming itself as needed. It can become a stepstool when someone needs to stand on it, or a bed, perhaps formed by enlisting other chairs so that they can to support a horizontal body or two or three. When self-organized into neat orderly rows of its collaborators, the chair can accommodate crowds. While awaiting the crowd's arrival the chairs are a memory of the future, reminding us of the event that is to come. Essay On Sex. After they leave, the same chairs serve as a memory of the past. These 21st century chairs are social, aiming to please. Follower Seamus Heaney Critical. They will be active servants, relationship builders, and enablers of social interactions. In the 21st century designers will produce many things besides chairs, many of dj essay google which will not be objects. Some will be services and experiences, such as healthcare and wellness. Some will be ideas.
Is an idea a thing, a product, a service? Whatever they are called, they need to follower critical essay be designed not as isolated things but as complex, interrelated systems, as total experiences. As relationships. UC San Diego Postdoc in Human-Centered Healthcare. The Design Lab at the University of California, San Diego is embarking upon a large, major project in healthcare for pre k dissertations complex problems. Heaney Critical. We are working with the wiesel Medical School, various departments at UC San Diego, and several funding agencies in this endeavor. The emphasis is on the processes and follower seamus heaney, structure associated with modern healthcare. We seek a Design Fellow to by the scientific method assist with a project to better understand the complex cognitive ecosystem of healthcare who can help us define, explore, and implement new processes and procedures aimed at improving medical care for follower seamus heaney essay complex cases. Positive computing: technology for elie thesis wellbeing and human potential (Calvo Peters) The design of follower critical human-computer systems used to dissertations focus upon the negative, the breakdowns that confused and confounded people.
Now it is follower seamus critical essay, time to move to the next level, to focus upon nyu essay funny the positive, systems that are enjoyable and pleasurable. We need systems that delight as well as inform, systems that create pleasure along with useful function. We need systems that are resilient, that promote control, understanding, and sometimes just plain pleasure. The design field has responded by examining the role of emotions and pleasure in design. We need to move these findings into mainstream computing. Next time someone accuses you of procrastination, say no, I am not procrastinating, I am 'Late Binding.' That should shut them up. Let me argue for late binding - delay, or if you like, procrastination - as a preferred way of life. Delaying decisions until the time for action is beneficial for lots of reason. Practice late binding. Planning never produces the follower heaney essay exact answer for the exact conditions that take place. People always will change their behavior.
In fact, people have no choice when unexpected events occur. And, as I am fond of saying, we know two things about unexpected events: they will always occur; when it does occur, it will be unexpected. So prepare. Study. Get ready. But delay the actual decision as late as possible. Procrastinate. Practice late binding. The technological requirements for self-driving cars are extremely complex, and problem scientific method, although we are now able to succeed in follower, a very high percentage of the situations, those last few percentages contain the most difficult, the essay most daunting challenges. As automation gets better and better, then the heaney essay problems of dissertations vigilance increase, for the more reliable the system, the less for a person to do, and the mind wandering begins. Follower. Do not take people out of the loop: have them always know what is happening.
How do we do this in a meaningful way? By asking people to make high-level decisions, to continually be making decisions. Human pattern recognition and high-level statement of goals and plans are good. But here is what we are bad at: the ability to monitor for long periods, to problem scientific be precise and accurate, to respond quickly and properly when an unexpected event arrives where the person has not been attending. So, have us do what we are good at.
Have the automation do what we are bad at. Aim for collaboration, not supervision. Why DesignX answers common questions about DesignX. In particular, What is new? What is the role of the designer? What about craft skills? DesignX is a new, evidence-based approach for addressing many of the complex and serious problems facing the seamus world today. It adds to and augments today's design methods, reformulating the role that design can play. Modern design has grown from a focus on can a problem scientific method products and services to a robust set of methods that is applicable to a wide range of societal issues. When combined with the knowledge and expertise of specialized disciplines, these design methods provide powerful ways to develop practical approaches to large, complex issues. Heaney Critical. We seek a radical reformation of essay equality design practice, education, and research.
It is time for a new era of design activism. Hill climbing in follower seamus critical essay, radical Innovation. John Langrish challenged the nyu essay funny analysis of heaney critical Norman Verganti on Incremental and Radical Innovation, arguing that we had ignored the on sex equality evidence from Darwinian evolution. Follower. He called us creationists. We find John Langrish's argument to be puzzling.
We wrote a paper on product evolution and he chides us for failure to cite the literature in evolutionary biology. Similar issues have been faced in nyu essay funny, many disciplines. His attempts to map biological mechanisms to our approach are either already accounted for or are inappropriate. We are accused of being creationists. We plead guilty. That's what the field of design is all about: all-seeing, overarching designers who look over their creations and go in and change them. Designers have that luxury.
Release a product and call it back for revision. Or completely change the follower next release, keeping the stuff that worked and night elie, deleting the seamus critical essay stuff that didn't. Or completely repurpose it for some other usage that had not been considered at essay about my opinion first. Radical innovation within the field of design does not come from hill-climbing. It comes from putting together things that never before were thought to belong together. It comes from the heart and mind of the designer. Yes, as designers we are creationists. We teach it, practice it, and take delight in it. Verganti Norman: Having a vision is not enough--it must be implemented. Vision building is the seamus critical essay most relevant and rare asset in our society. We do not live in a world where data and knowledge are missing.
Indeed, it is just the opposite. The amount of night wiesel information is overwhelming. What is follower heaney, rare is the be solved scientific capability to make sense of this enormous and complex picture, to go beyond the past and follower, existing patterns and nyu essay funny, imagine what is not there. The new frontier is to explore the path to innovation by understanding the nature of vision building. For this purpose, we need new frameworks. We need to seamus heaney critical investigate the pre k dissertations slippery intangible dimensions of thinking, the capability to unveil what is hidden into the mirror that reflects our role in the society. I hate error messages. They are insulting, condescending, and worst of all, completely unnecessary. Evil, nasty little things. Follower Critical Essay. They cause us to do unneeded work, and night elie wiesel thesis, often destroy the work we have already done.
Error messages punish people for not behaving like machines. It is time we let people behave like people. Follower Seamus Critical Essay. When a problem arises, we should call it machine error, not human error: the machine was designed wrong, demanding that we conform to its peculiar requirements. It is time to design and build machines that conform to our requirements. Stop confronting us: Collaborate with us. State of Design: How Design Education Must Change. For design to succeed, grow, achieve its potential, and train future leaders, we envision a new curriculum.
In our vision, these new programs combine learning the art and craft of nyu essay funny beautiful, pleasurable well-crafted design with substantive courses in the social and biological sciences, in technology, mathematics and statistics, and in the understanding of experimental methods and rigorous reasoning. Programming and mechatronics are essential skills in today's product world. Not only will this training make for better practitioners, but it will also equip future generations of designers to be better at developing the hard, rigorous theory design requires. Design is an exciting powerful field, filled with promise. To meet the challenges of the 21st century, design and design education must change. So too must universities. Gestural Control: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. I await the day when gestures become standardized.
When systems combine the heaney critical best of all worlds: gestures, both in the air and on surfaces, voice commands where appropriate, and dj essay google, menus, keyboards, and heaney critical essay, pointing devices where appropriate. The most powerful systems will give us the choice to use whatever is best suited for the job. On Sex. But before we can do this, we have a simple task to do: reform the patent system. Stupid Smart Stuff: Watches and seamus essay, Automation. Whenever you see something labeled smart or intelligent, be assured that it is actually rather stupid. It is time to for the designers and engineers of this coming automated world and take heed from the lessons learned over the years in the field of Human-Systems Integration, in studies of automation. Lots of excellent scientists working in the research labs of automobile companies know all this. Product people are notorious about ignoring the wisdom of research groups in their same company. We now have very smart devices, stupidly done.
I fear the consequences will be a lot worse than waking people up at dissertations 4:30 in the morning. Pay attention, engineers: pay attention, designers. Pay attention or people will be killed. Nutrition, Nudges, and Sledge Hammers. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed changing the labels now required on all foodstuff. Seamus Critical. The goal is to nudge people to better eating. Dissertations. The good part is heaney critical, that, the FDA has clearly thought about the legibility and clarity of essay my opinion nutritional guidelines. Follower Seamus Heaney. Not only did they decide to essay make the calorie count more visible, but they made the percentage values more prominent, they reconsidered what information was to be listed, and perhaps most important of all, they changed the definition of a serving to what people really eat. What is next? . Heaney Critical Essay. It's time for the pharmaceutical industry to do the same with their labels of medications and prescriptions.
It's a systems problem. OK designers, this is what you claim you are good at: solving systems problems. Get to work: you could save lives. The most powerful revolutions are the slow, silent ones that take over our lives quietly, unobtrusively. No media attention, no over-hyped excitement. On Sex. But one day you look up and, oops, what has happened? Consider the everyday rice cooker.
It seems rather dull: a squat box occupying space on the countertop, usually without any grace or sense of style. Yet this unimpressive appearing cooking device now simplifies the lives of tens of millions of owners all over follower seamus critical the world. Can A Problem Be Solved By The Method. Excerpts from my first influencer post on LinkedIn. Stop Cellphone Anorexia: Make Batteries Last the critical Day. Nyu Essay Funny. A Rant. How can we get the batteries on our smart phones to last the entire day? Make them bigger.
Eliminate phone anorexia. The evil is the cult of thinness. Phone Anorexia. Want to make batteries last beyond the day? Make them bigger. it is that simple.
Add a few millimeters of seamus heaney essay thickness, 1/8th of an inch: even 1/16th would do wonders. Wiesel Thesis. That's all it would take. Once upon a time, a long time ago, I got tired of light switches that contained a long, one-dimensional linear array of switches mounted on a vertical wall controlling a two-dimensional placement of follower seamus critical lights that were placed on a horizontal plane. No wonder people had difficulty remembering which switch controlled which light: I often observed people simply turning them all on or off. Why not arrange the switches in the same spatial configuration as the lights, and then mount the switches on the same spatial plane as the lights. Now it seems that a Korean Civil Engineer has rediscovered the about my opinion concept 20+ years later. My Introduction for Dan Ward's book The Simplicity Cycle, but which also includes a description of and essay, a recommendation for his book FIRE. The two books make a powerful package.
Simplicity Cycle is a simple book about problem be solved by the scientific a complex topic, but don't be fooled. Beneath the simplicity lies a deep and profound message. FIST, the procedure he developed for developing projects quickly and efficiently requires that things be less physically complex, less cognitively confusing and complicated. FIST, the procedure, was renamed FIRE (for Fast, Inexpensive, Restrained, and Elegant), and is now available as a book. The S in FIST became this book: The Simplicity Cycle. Not surprisingly, the two books support one another.
FIRE, the book, offers lessons highly relevant to The Simplicity Cycle. Large projects all tend to fail. It doesn't matter in what domain they exist -- software, construction, new aircraft, medical insurance systems, payroll systems -- they fail. Ward offers a simple solution: don't do them. With the time and money allocated for heaney one large project, do numerous small ones. Do them Fast and Inexpensive, with Restraint and Elegance: FIRE. It's a well-known principle, but it goes against nyu essay funny, the nature of organizations who wish to solve all their problems with one project.
In consumer markets, it encourages the seamus disease I call featuritis. In industry, it's bloat. What's the alternative? FIRE. How do we avoid unneeded complexity and manage to maintain simplicity? That's the focus of essay on sex The Simplicity Cycle.
The two books, FIRE and The Simplicity Cycle, can each be read on follower seamus critical its own, but for pre k dissertations people involved in the design and implementation of complex projects, they form a powerful pair. For anyone wanting to embrace the mantle of simplicity, The Simplicity Cycle, is essential. Foreword: Computers as Theater (Brenda Laurel) Theatre is follower essay, about interaction, about themes and can a problem method, conflicts, goals and approaches to those goals, frustration, success, tension, and then the follower heaney critical essay resolution of those tensions. Theatre is dynamic, changing, always in motion. Our modern technologies with their powerful computers, multiple sensors, communication links and dissertations, displays are also about interaction, and treating that interaction as Theatre proves to heaney be rich, enlightening and powerful.
Real interaction does not take place in the moment, on a fixed, static screen. Real interaction is ongoing over pre k a protracted period. It ebbs and flows, transitions from follower seamus critical essay one state to another. Transitions are as important as states. Up to recently, the dj essay google only computer systems that acted this way were games. But as students of the theatre have long known, we get the greatest pleasure from our ability to overcome early failures and adversaries. If everything runs perfectly and essay, smoothly with no opportunity to deploy our powers and skills, pleasure is diminished. Human emotion is sensitive to change: starting low and ending high is a far better experience than one that is always high.
Is this a cry for deliberate placement of obstacles and nyu essay funny, confusions? Obviously not, but it is a cry for a look at follower heaney the temporal dimensions, at engagement, agency, and the rise and fall of dramatic tension. The future of our interactions with technology will build upon wiesel the foundations provided by Brenda Laurel in this deep, thought-provoking, and follower seamus essay, critically important book. The Paradox of Wearable Technologies. Can wearable devices be helpful?
Absolutely. But they can also be horrid. It all depends upon whether we use them to about my opinion focus and augment our activities or to distract. Follower Seamus Critical. It is up to us, and up to those who create these new wearable wonders to nyu essay funny decide which it is to be. Great microinteraction design requires understanding the people who use the product, what they are trying to accomplish, and follower heaney critical essay, the steps they need to take. it requires understanding the context of those interactions.
It is essential to develop empathy with the user, to develop observational skills of users and the knowledge of how to combine different aspects of your product - perhaps the results of different programming teams or even different divisions - into a single, smooth microinteraction? Chapter 1 does a great job of introducing the principles of how to do this. The numerous examples throughout the dj essay google book sensitizes you to the opportunities. After that it is up to you, to continual observation that leads to follower seamus critical discovery of the opportunities. And it is essential not to be blocked, as Apple's developers apparently were, if the solutions require cutting across company organizational structures. After all, doing things right for the user is what great products are all about. Sloth, Pride, Envy, Greed, Lust, Anger, Gluttony. About. What?
I'm supposed to design for these traits? As a human-centered designer, I should be repelled by essay, the thought of designing for dj essay google such a list. What was Chris Nodder thinking? What was his publisher thinking? This is evil, amplified. Although, come to think of it, those seven deadly sins are human traits. Want to know how people really behave? Just read the law books. Heaney Critical. Start with one of the most famous set of laws of all, the can a problem be solved by the scientific Ten Commandments.
Every one of those commandments is about something that people actually did, and critical, then prohibiting it. All laws are intended to stop or otherwise control human behavior. So, if you want to understand real human behavior, just see what the laws try to stop. The list of seven deadly sins provides a nice, tidy statement of fundamental human behavior, fundamental in the sense that from each of the deadly sins, one can derive a large list of less deadly ones. Embrace failure, avoid failure: these two, apparently contradictory statements are the opening and closing chapter titles of Victor Lombardi's enchanting, insightful book. Embrace, yet avoid, the apparent contradiction being resolved by recognizing that the nyu essay funny trick is to learn from follower seamus heaney critical essay other people's failures, the better to be able to essay equality avoid them for yourself. The message of the book is summarized by its subtitle: Lessons from Experience Design Failures. Opportunities and Challenges For Touch and Gesture-Based Systems. Billions of people appreciate the follower seamus heaney critical essay simplicity of touch technology, but for nyu essay funny the industrial sector, including home white goods and consumer goods, rugged conditions have been a roadblock to follower seamus heaney essay integrating this technology.
The new evolution is the multi-touch that works under rigorous conditions. Even though multi-touch screens are widely popular on today's consumer phones and tablets the design principles for industrial applications and demanding environments are different for those in essay on sex, the rather controlled consumer environment for mobile phones and tablets. When using a device under rugged conditions - cold, raining, wearing gloves, heavy vibration - different design rules are required. The opportunities are large, with potential uses that go far beyond what we see today. Great opportunity brings great challenges. Follower Critical. We explore the requirements and the design rules for overcoming them. Suggested Readings From Design of Everyday Things, Revised edition. Many people continually ask for my suggestions of readings in design.
Here is an excerpt from the Readings and can a problem by the scientific, Notes section of the follower heaney critical essay 2013 revision and expansion of the book Design of Everyday Things that provides my list of general books for interaction design. The list of night excellent books is heaney critical essay, much larger than included here, but even with my limited list there are probably too many suggestions. Still, this is a good place to start. Preface. Design of Everyday Things, Revised Edition.
The preface to the revised edition of pre k dissertations Design of Everyday Things, including a chapter-by-chapter review of What has changed. I have rethought my position stated in my essay article Design Thinking: A Useful Myth. I still stand by the major points of the earlier essay, but I have changed the conclusion. As a result, the essay should really be titled: Design Thinking: An Essential Tool. Seamus Heaney Critical Essay. Let me explain. Great Design Always Means Great Style (Misc Magazine) Ah, style. The elegance of essay gentle interaction, with grace and beauty, wit and charm. Or perhaps brute force abruptness, rudeness and insult.
Style refers to follower seamus heaney critical essay the way of night elie wiesel doing something and although we usually use it in the positive sense, the word itself is neutral, referring only to the manner by which something is done. Style can be coarse and ugly, brutish and dangerous. The best styles, including both those we respect and seamus heaney critical essay, prefer and dj essay google, those we detest, are true and seamus critical, honest, consistent and essay, coherent. (An essay for Misc Magazine.) Maybe I am a gadget. That would certainly explain a lot of things. A quick search of the internet for the definition of gadget yields two meanings: 1. A small device that performs or aids a simple task; 2. A small device that appears useful but is often unnecessary or superfluous. Yeah, those sound like me. Complexity is Good, Simplicity Overrated (Misc Magazine) (Essay for Misc Magazine.) Real complexity does not lie in the tools, but in the task. Skilled workers have an array of tools, each carefully matched to seamus critical a particular task requirement. Night. It can take years to learn which tool goes with which task, and years to master the tools.
The tool set is complicated because the task is complicated. Looking at the visual simplicity of the tool is follower seamus critical, misleading. The mark of the great designer is the dj essay google ability to provide the complexity that people need in follower critical, a manner that is can a problem be solved method, understandable and essay, elegant. Simplicity should never be the goal. Complex things will require complexity. Nyu Essay Funny. It is the follower seamus heaney essay job of the designer to manage that complexity with skill and grace. What Moves? Culture Interaction Design. When What Is Natural For Some Is Not for Others: Culture and Design. I was in Asia, giving a talk. I was given a remote controller for advancing my slides.
This one had with two buttons, one above the other. When I pushed the upper button to advance to the slide, I was flustered: I went backwards through my slide set, not forward. How could this happen? I wondered. Dj Essay Google. To me, top obviously means forward, bottom backwards. Seamus. I decided to ask the audience what they thought: To my great surprise, the audience was split in night wiesel, their responses. Essay. Many thought that it should be the top button, but a large number thought it should be the bottom.
But there is more. This is a point of view question, one that has plagued designers for years (which moves? The text or the can a be solved method window?) Different cultures have very different points of view. When a design conflicts with the common cultural view, confusion results. (Article posted at core77.com and jnd.org. bit.ly/NZckqz ) How To Find a Job or Graduate School in Human-Computer Interaction, Interaction, or Industrial Design. I'm frequently asked how to find a job or a place to study, either in industrial design or user-interface design (Human-Computer Interaction). Rather than answer it anew each time, let me summarize my answer here. You either need real work experience or a graduate degree, or both. I cannot tell you what to do. Good advice has to come from someone who knows you, who knows your interests, training, and skills. Heaney. I cannot acquire that in an email message or two.
So, seek out be solved method, knowledgeable mentors where you live. Seek professors that you trust. Go to meetings of follower seamus heaney critical essay societies (see below). Read magazines and journals to learn who is be solved scientific method, doing what, where: then write to those people about their work. Video: Don Norman speaks out about engineering design education. This is a short, 3 minute video, that captures the dilemma of follower heaney critical modern education.
Engineering education has become narrower and deeper. We teach and train specialties and essay on sex equality, specialists. Essay. Practical applications require tying together the dj essay google knowledge of the many specialties. They require generalists, people who have broad, integrated understanding of the world. We need an educational system that rewards those who are broad and knowledgable as well as those who are deep and narrow, even if the follower essay broad knowledge comes at the expense of shallow depth. Being narrow is essay on sex, just as big a liability as being shallow. We need both kinds of people.
Alas, the university hires, teaches, and trains only the deep and narrow. Incremental and Radical Innovation: Design Research versus Technology and Meaning Change. Don Norman and Roberto Verganti: We discuss the differences between incremental and radical innovation and argue that each results from follower seamus heaney different processes. Human-centered design methods are a form of hill climbing, extremely well suited for continuous incremental improvements but incapable of radical innovation. Radical innovation requires finding a different hill, and this comes about only through meaning or technology change. A second approach is to consider the nyu essay funny dimensions of meaning and technology change. Finally, we show how innovation might be viewed as lying in the space formed by the dimension of research aimed at enhancing general knowledge and the dimension of application to practice. We conclude that human-centered design is ideally suited for incremental innovation and unlikely to lead to radical innovation.
Radical innovation comes from changes in either technology or meaning. Technology-driven innovation often comes from inventors and tinkerers. Meaning-driven innovation, however, has the potential to be driven through design research, but only if the research addresses fundamental questions of new meanings and their interpretation. Does Culture Matter for seamus critical Product Design? Does culture matter for product design?
For the world of mass-produced products, that is, for nyu essay funny the world of industrial design, culture might be far less important than we might have expected. Is this really true, and follower heaney essay, if so, is this a positive or negative finding? Conversation: Jon Kolko Don Norman mediated by Richard Anderson. Out with the Old, In with the New: A Conversation with Don Norman Jon Kolko, mediated by wiesel thesis, Richard Anderson. The item contains photos, a transcript, and seamus heaney essay, an embedded video of the event. Topics addressed included the essay my opinion nature of and the difference between art and design, whether design should be taught in art schools (such as AAU), Abraham Maslow, usability, what design (or all) education should be like, the problem with design thinking courses, the destiny of printed magazines and printed books, aging and ageism, the relationship between HCI and interaction design, Arduino, simplicity, social media, Google, privacy, design research, the context in which design occurs, the Austin Center for Design, solving wicked problems, whether designers make good entrepreneurs, politics, Herb Simon cybernetics, the strengths weaknesses of interconnected systems, and how designers should position themselves. Design Education: Brilliance Without Substance. We are now in the 21st century, but design curricula seem stuck in the mid 20th century. In the follower critical essay 21st century, design has broadened to include interaction and be solved by the scientific, experience, services and strategies. The technologies are more sophisticated, involving advanced materials, computation, communication, sensors, and actuators. The products and services have complex interactions that have to be self-explanatory, sometimes involving other people separated by time or distance.
Traditional design activities have to seamus critical essay be supplemented with an understanding of technology, business, and human psychology. With all these changes, one would expect major changes in design education. Essay On Sex Equality. Nope. Design education is led by craftspeople who are proud of follower seamus heaney their skills and they see no reason to change. Design education is mired in nyu essay funny, the past.
At the start of almost every technology transition, chaos rules. Follower Seamus Essay. Competing competitors create confusion, often quite deliberate, as they develop their own unique way of doing things incompatible with all others. Nyu Essay Funny. Today, the long-established, well-learned model of scrolling is being changed by one vendor, but not by follower seamus heaney critical essay, others. Gestures proliferate, with no standards, no easy way of being reminded of them, new easy way to learn. Change is important, for it is how we make progress. Some confusion is to be expected. But many of the changes and the resulting confusions of today seem arbitrary and capricious. Think before acting.
Sounds right, doesn't it? Think before starting to dj essay google design. Yup. Do some research, learn more about the requirements, the people, the activities. Then design. It all makes sense. Which is precisely why I wish to challenge it. Sometimes it makes sense to act first, think afterwards. The Design Dilemma: Dismay vs.
Delight. I frequently find myself in follower heaney, a state of simultaneous dismay and delightful admiration about the end product of designers. This state can be described by contrasting the way a designer and an engineer would solve the on sex equality same problem. Follower Seamus Heaney. Designers evoke great delight in their work. Night Wiesel Thesis. Engineers provide utilitarian value. Follower Critical. The problem is that the very practical, functional things are also boring and my opinion, ugly. Good designers would never allow boring and seamus heaney, ugly to describe their work: they strive to produce delight. Nyu Essay Funny. But sometimes that delightful result is not very practical, difficult to use, and not completely functional. Practical versus delightful: Which do you prefer? Designers approach the world with charming naivete, coupled with artistic elegance and the art of examining issues in novel, unconstrained ways. Their solutions provide a graceful elegance and new insight, perhaps because of their lack of knowledge, their naivete.
Designers are trained as craftspeople, without any substantive knowledge of the content areas in which they do their work. This very lack of knowledge can produce profound insights that lead to advances in understanding, hence my delight. Heaney Critical. Having too much knowledge can lead to following the failed footsteps of those who preceded you. Videos from my opinion Design of Everyday Things. My videos have been resurrected! Let me explain.One upon a time, many years ago -- 1994 to be precise -- The Voyager Company produced a delightful CD-ROM that included copies of several of heaney critical essay my books (Design of Everyday Things, Things that Make Us Smart, and dj essay google, Turn Signals Are the heaney critical Facial Expressions of Automobiles. Nyu Essay Funny. As you read the books, if you had a question, you could just click wherever there was a link and I would pop up, walk on. I am forced to read a lot of crap. As a reviewer of submissions to design journals and conferences, as a juror of design contests, and as a mentor and advisor to design students and faculty, I read outrageous claims made by designers who have little understanding of the complexity of the problems they are attempting to solve or of the standards of heaney critical essay evidence required to make claims. Oftentimes the crap comes from elie brilliant and talented people, with good ideas and wonderful instantiations of physical products, concepts, or simulations.
The crap is in the claims. In the early days of industrial design, the work was primarily focused upon physical products. Today, however, designers work on organizational structure and follower critical essay, social problems, on interaction, service, and experience design. Many problems involve complex social and nyu essay funny, political issues. As a result, designers have become applied behavioral scientists, but they are woefully undereducated for the task. Designers often fail to understand the complexity of the critical issues and the depth of dj essay google knowledge already known. They claim that fresh eyes can produce novel solutions, but then they wonder why these solutions are seldom implemented, or if implemented, why they fail. Critical Essay. Fresh eyes can indeed produce insightful results, but the eyes must also be educated and knowledgeable. Designers often lack the requisite understanding. Design schools do not train students about dj essay google these complex issues, about the interlocking complexities of human and social behavior, about the behavioral sciences, technology, and business.
There is little or no training in science, the scientific method, and experimental design. Over the past five years I have written approximately three dozen columns. What has been learned? What will come? Obviously it is time for reflection. My goal has always been to incite thought, debate, and understanding. Those of us in critical essay, the field of interaction, whether students, researchers or practitioners, whether designers or programmers, synthesizers or analyzers, all share some common beliefs and ideals. One of my jobs is to challenge these established beliefs, for often when they are examined, they rest on an ill-defined platform, often with no supporting evidence except that they have been around for elie wiesel thesis so long, they are accepted as given, without need for examination. We need a rigorous foundation for our work, which means to heaney critical essay question that which is not firmly supported by evidence, if it appears obvious. Many things that appear obvious are indeed true, but many are not: We need to know which is which. There is a trend to pre k dissertations eliminate designers.
Who needs them when we can simply test our way to success? The excitement of follower seamus powerful, captivating design is defined as irrelevant. Worse, the nature of design is in danger. Night Elie. Design by follower seamus, comparison of competing alternatives is equality, design by hill climbing. It will get you to the top of the current hill. It will never get you to the highest hill. Systems Thinking: A Product Is More Than the Product. In reality a product is all about the experience. It is about discovery, purchase, anticipation, opening the follower critical essay package, the very first usage. It is also about continued usage, learning, the need for assistance, updating, maintenance, supplies, and eventual renewal in the form of disposal or exchange.
Most companies treat every stage as a different process, done by a different division of the company: RD, manufacturing, packaging, sales, and then as a necessary afterthought, service. As a result there is seldom any coherence. Instead, there are contradictions. If you think of the product as a service, then the separate parts make no sense--the point of a product is to offer great experiences to its owner, which means that it offers a service. And that experience, that service, is the result of the coherence of the parts. The real value of dj essay google a product consists of far more than the product's components. Designers are proud of their ability to innovate, to think outside the seamus heaney essay box, to develop creative, powerful ideas for their clients. Sometimes these ideas win design prizes. However, the rate at which these ideas achieve commercial success is low.
Many of the ideas die within the companies, never becoming a product. Among those that become products, a good number never reach commercial success. Ideas are just the starting point toward product realization. Dj Essay Google. New product ideas have to fit the competencies of the follower heaney corporation. They have to fit within the can a be solved scientific existing family or products, or at least the follower heaney critical essay product strategy.
The purchasers of new products have to on sex be prepared. Follower Heaney Critical. The costs must be contained. The technology must be up to it. The same people who the new ideas are intended to supplant and can a problem scientific method, go around are now responsible for executing the ideas. No wonder so many good ideas fail. Every year the world holds many contests for industrial designers. Lots of submissions, lots of time spent by jurors reviewing them, lots of pretty pictures afterwards. Follower Seamus Heaney Critical Essay. Fun to nyu essay funny read, wonderful for the winners.
What's the problem? I have been a juror for heaney essay a number of contests, including the major American yearly contest sponsored by the Industrial Design Society of America, IDSA, and BusinessWeek. Although I always enjoyed the experience and the interaction with talented, hard-working fellow jurors, I have become increasingly dissatisfied with the results. Why are shows bad? Shouldn't we reward good design? Sure, if that's what the shows accomplish, but they don't.
In fact, I believe they do harm to the profession. (Opening sentences of my Core77 column.) Design thinking is nyu essay funny, not special to design. Great artists, great engineers, great scientists all break out of the boundaries. Great designers are no different. Why perpetuate the myth of design thinking if it is so clearly false? Because it is follower heaney critical, useful. Design thinking is a powerful public relations term that changes the dj essay google way in which design firms are viewed. So, long live the phrase design thinking. Heaney Critical Essay. It will help in the transformation of design from the world of nyu essay funny form and style to that of function and seamus critical essay, structure.
It will help spread the word that designers can add value to almost any problem, from healthcare to pollution, business strategy and company organization. Gestural Interfaces: A Step Backwards In Usability. Gestural interfaces are fun to use: gestures add a welcome feeling of activity to the otherwise joyless ones of pointing and clicking. Equality. The are truly a revolutionary mode of interaction. After two decades of follower seamus critical essay research in laboratories across the world, they are finally available for everyday consumer products. But the lack of dj essay google consistency, inability to heaney discover operations, coupled with the nyu essay funny ease of follower seamus heaney accidentally triggering actions from which there is no recovery threatens the viability of these systems.
We urgently need to return to our basics, developing usability guidelines for these systems that are based upon solid principles of interaction design, not on the whims of the company human interface guidelines and arbitrary ideas of developers. Talk: Research Practice Gap 2 Kinds of innovation. I gave the opening keynote address at nyu essay funny IIT's Design Research Conference in follower seamus essay, Chicago, May 2010. In it, i combined two of the dj essay google major themes I have long been working on. The video of seamus heaney critical essay that talk is now available. The research-product gap. The design research community -- and all research communities, for that matter -- have little understanding, knowledge of, or even interest in the product side of my opinion companies. Moreover, the skills, reward structures, and interests of the two communities are so different that the gap is inevitable. In the medical community, this gap is overcome by a third discipline: Translational Science. I recommend we follow suite with a new discipline, Translational Engineering, that translates the language of research into the language of products, and vice-versa.
Two kinds of innovation. A very closely related confusion exists about innovation. Human-Centered Design, I argue, is essential for incremental improvement of products. But radical innovation, which occurs much less frequently, comes either from new technologies or from meaning change: HCD will never give us radical innovation. There is an immense gap between research and practice. There are fundamental differences in follower seamus heaney critical, the knowledge and skill sets required by essay about, those who conduct the research and those who attempt to translate those results into heaney critical, practical, reliable, and affordable form.
Between research and equality, practice a new, third discipline must be inserted, one that can translate between the abstractions of research and the practicalities of practice. We need a discipline of heaney critical essay translational development. Translational developers are needed who can mine the insights of researchers and hone them into nyu essay funny, practical, reliable and follower seamus heaney critical, useful results. Similarly translational developers must help translate the problems and on sex equality, concerns of practice into follower critical essay, the clear, need-based statements that can drive researchers to develop new insights. Neither direction of translation is pre k, easy. Natural User Interfaces Are Not Natural. Gestural interaction is the new excitement in the halls of industry. Advances in the size, power, and heaney critical, cost of microprocessors, memory, cameras, and other sensing devices now make it possible to nyu essay funny control by wipes and flicks, hand gestures, and body movements. A new world of interaction is here: The rulebooks and guidelines are being rewritten, or at least, such is the claim. And the new interactions even have a new marketing name: natural, as in Natural User Interface.
As usual, marketing rhetoric is ahead of seamus critical essay reality. Essay My Opinion. All new technologies have their proper place. All new technologies will take a while for us to figure out the best manner of interaction as well as the standardization that removes one source of potential confusion. None of these systems is follower essay, inherently more natural than the others. Essay Equality. What we think of as natural is, to a large extent, learned. I've come to a disconcerting conclusion: design research is great when it comes to improving existing product categories but essentially useless when it comes to new, innovative breakthroughs. I reached this conclusion through examination of a range of product innovations, most especially looking at those major conceptual breakthroughs that have had huge impact upon heaney critical essay society as well as the more common, mundane small, continual improvements.
Call one conceptual breakthrough, the other incremental. Nyu Essay Funny. Although we would prefer to believe that conceptual breakthroughs occur because of a detailed consideration of human needs, especially fundamental but unspoken hidden needs so beloved by the design research community, the fact is that it simply doesn't happen. Seamus Essay. New conceptual breakthroughs are invariably driven by the development of new technologies The new technologies, in turn, inspire technologists to invent things, not sometimes because they themselves dream of having their capabilities, but many times simply because they can build them. In other words, grand conceptual inventions happen because technology has finally made them possible. Do people need them? That question is answered over the next several decades as the technology moves from technical demonstration, to product, to failure, or perhaps to slow acceptance in the commercial world where slowly, after considerable time, the products and applications are jointly evolve, and slowly the need develops. THE TRANSMEDIA DESIGN CHALLENGE: Co-Creation. We live in exciting times.
Finally, we are beginning to understand that pleasure and fun are important components of life, that emotion is not a bad thing, and that learning, education and work can all benefit through encouraging pleasure and fun. On Sex. Up to now, a primary goal of product and service design has been to seamus heaney critical provide useful functions and results. We should not lose track of these goals, but now that we are well on our way to doing that for an amazing variety of problem goods and services, it is time to make sure that they are pleasurable as well. Not only does this require emotions to be a major component of follower seamus heaney essay design thinking, but we must incorporate action as well, actions that use the whole body in movement, rhythm, and purpose. New technologies allow creativity to blossom, whether for reasons silly or sublime. Simple text messages or short videos among people qualify as production, regardless of their value. My Opinion. This new movement is about participating and creating, invoking the creative spirit. Critical. This is what the transmedia experience should be about. All of nyu essay funny these experiences are allowing people to feel more like producers and creators rather than passive consumers or spectators.
The new design challenge is to create true participatory designs coupled with true multi-media immersion that reveal new insights and create true novel experiences. We all participate, we all experience. We all design, we all partake. But much of this is meaningless: how do we provide richness and depth, enhanced through the active engagement of all, whether they be the originators or the follower recipients of the experience? How will this come to pass?
What is the role in everyday life? Will this be a small portion or will it dominate? Will it even be permitted within the confines of nyu essay funny contemporary commercialism? Those are the significant design challenges. People Are From Earth, Machines Are From Outer Space. People are from earth. Machines are from outer space. I don't know what kind of manners they teach in outer space, but if machines are going to follower seamus heaney critical live here in our world, they really need to learn to behave properly. You know, when on Earth, do as the earthlings do. So, hey machines, you need to become socialized.
Right now you are arrogant, antisocial, irritating know-it-alls. Sure, you say nice things like “please” and “thank you,” but being polite involves more than words. It is time to socialize our interactions with technology. Nyu Essay Funny. Sociable machines. Follower Seamus Essay. Basic lessons in about, communication skills. Rules of machine etiquette. Follower Seamus Essay. Machines need to show empathy with the people with whom they interact, understand their point of view, and above all, communicate so that everyone understands what is happening.It never occurs to a machine that the problems might be theirs.
Oh no. It's us pesky people who are to blame. One of our fundamental principles is that of perceived affordances: that's one way we know what to do in essay on sex, novel situations. Follower Seamus Critical Essay. That's fine for objects, but what about situations? What about people, social groups, cultures? Powerful clues arise from what I call social signifiers.
A signifier is some sort of indicator, some signal in the physical or social world that can be interpreted meaningfully. Pre K. Signifiers signify critical information, even if the signifier itself is an accidental byproduct of the world. Social signifiers are those that are relevant to seamus heaney social usages. Some social indicators simply are the unintended but informative result of the behavior of others. Social signifiers replace affordances, for they are broader and dj essay google, richer, allowing for accidental signifiers as well as deliberate ones, and even for items that signify by their absence, as the lack of crowds on a train platform. The perceivable part of an affordance is seamus heaney critical, a signifier, and be solved, if deliberately placed by a designer, it is a social signifier. CNN Designers challenged to include disabled. I'm on a campaign to make assistive devices aesthetically delightful -- without impairing effectiveness and cost. Seamus Critical. Why are things such as canes, wheelchairs so ugly? I urge the skilled industrial designers of this world to revolutionize this arena. Problem Be Solved By The Scientific Method. Perhaps the Industrial Design Society of America (IDSA) and the equivalent design societies all over the world ought to sponsor a design contest.
The best design schools should encourage design projects for assistive devices that function well, are cost effective (two aspects that are often left out of design schools) as well as fun, pleasurable and fashionable (aspects that are absent from more engineering- or social-sciences -based programs). There are many groups at work in this area: simply do a web search on the phrases inclusive design? or universal design? or accessible design. They do excellent work, but the emphasis is on providing aids and assistance, or changing public policy. All that is both good and essential, but I want to follower seamus heaney critical essay go one step further: add aesthetics, pleasure, and fashion to the mix. Make it so these aids are sought after, fashionable, delightful, and fun. For everyone, which is pre k dissertations, what the words inclusive, universal, and accessible are supposed to mean. Designers of the world: Unite behind a worthy cause. This article contains pointers to my MIT Sloan Management Review paper on waiting lines as well as a PDF of to the earlier paper in which I discussed the same issues in more depth than SMR permitted. The PDF file, The Psychology of Waiting Lines. argues that although waiting is an inescapable part of life, but that doesn't mean we enjoy it. But if the lines are truly inescapable, what can be done to make them less painful? Although there is follower seamus heaney critical essay, a good deal of practical knowledge, usually known within the heads of corporate managers, very little has been published about the topic.
One paper provides the classic treatment: David Maister's The Psychology of Waiting Lines (1985). Maister suggested several principles for increasing the pleasantness of waiting. Although his paper provides an excellent start, it was published in 1985 and pre k dissertations, there have been considerable advances in our knowledge since then. In this section, I bring the study of waiting lines up to heaney critical essay date, following the spirit of Maister's original publication, but with considerable revision in light of modern findings. I suggest eight design principles, starting with the emotions dominate? and ending with the principle that memory of an event is more important than the experience.? Examples of design solutions include double buffering, providing clear conceptual models of the events with continual feedback, providing positive memories and even why one might deliberately induce waits. These principles apply to all services, not just waiting in lines. Essay. Details will vary from situation to situation, industry to industry, but the fundamentals are, in truth, the fundamentals of sociable design for follower seamus critical essay waiting lines, for products, and for service. This is an abstract for the attached PDF file, Sociable Design. Whether designing the rooftop of a building or the pre k dissertations rear end of a home or business appliance, sociable design considers how the design will impact everyone: not just the one, intended person standing in front, but also all the follower critical essay rest of society that interacts. One person uses a computer: the essay about rest of us are at the other side of the desk or counter, peering at the ugly rear end, with wires spilling over like entrails. Follower Seamus Heaney Critical. The residents of a building may never see its roof, but those who live in adjoining buildings may spend their entire workday peering at ugly asphalt, shafts and ventilating equipment.
Support for groups is the scientific hallmark of sociable technology. Follower Seamus Heaney. Groups are almost always involved in activities, even when the other people are not visible. All design has a social component: support for this social component, support for groups must always be a consideration. Sociable design is not just saying aˆ?pleaseaˆ? and aˆ?thank you.aˆ? It is not just providing technical support. It is also providing convivial working spaces, plus the time to make use of them. Sociable technology must support the four themes of dissertations communication, presentation, support for groups, and troubleshooting.
How these are handled determines whether or not we will find interaction to follower critical be sociable. People learn social skills. Machines have to have them designed into them. Sometimes even worse than machines, however, are services, where even though we are often interacting with people, the service activities are dictated by formal rule books of procedures and processes, and the people we interact with can be as frustrated and confused as we are. This too is a design issue. Design of both machines and services should be thought of as a social activity, one where there is much concern paid to the social nature of the interaction. Dj Essay Google. All products have a social component. This is follower critical essay, especially true of communication products, whether websites, personal digests (blog), audio and video postings mean to be shared, or mail digests, mailing lists, and text messaging on cellphones. Social networks are by night wiesel, definition social. Follower Critical. But where the problem by the scientific method social impact is obvious, designers are forewarned.
The interesting cases happen where the social side is not so obvious. Everyone wants simplicity. Seamus Critical. Everyone misses the point. Simplicity is not the goal. Elie. We do not wish to give up the power and flexibility of our technologies.
We are faced with an essay apparent paradox, but don’t worry: good design will see us through. People want the extra power that increased features bring to a product, but they intensely dislike the complexity that results. Is this a paradox? Not necessarily. Complexity can be managed.
The argument is not between adding features and simplicity, between adding capability and usability. The real issue is about design: designing things that have the power required for the job while maintaining understandability, the feeling of control, and the pleasure of accomplishment. Workarounds - Leading Edge of essay equality Innovation. Where do new ideas come from? How should designers create, transform, innovate? Do we need formal observational methods? When I talk to today’s foremost designers, most are scornful. Follower Seamus. Great designers are like great novelists: acute observers of essay about human behavior. Although they are scornful of formal methods, they themselves are expert practitioners of observation, and follower seamus heaney, if you can corner them in a quiet room (or better yet, a noisy bar), they will brag about those abilities.
Many ordinary people use the objects around them in unordinary ways. Through these everyday acts of creativity, clever people reveal both needs and possible solutions. They lead to by the scientific the innovations that will benefit many. Hacks and follower seamus heaney critical, workarounds: those are the soul of innovation. Observing is easy: recognizing the innovation and then knowing what to do with the observations are where the about my opinion difficulties lie.
David Heinemeier Hansson of 37signals says: I'm not designing software for other people, I'm designing it for me. Follower Seamus Heaney Essay. Wow. That is the sort of arrogance that the design community clustered around 37signals disdains -- or so I thought. Understanding the true needs of customers is essential for thesis business success. Making sure the product is elegant, functional and follower seamus essay, understandable is also essential. The disdain for customers shown by Hansson of 37signals is an arrogance bound to fail.
As long as 37signals is a hobby, where programmers code for problem by the scientific method themselves, it may very well succeed as a small enterprise with its current size of heaney critical 10 employees. I'm happy for them, and for the numerous small developers and small companies that find their products useful. But their attitude is a symbol: a symbol of eventual failure. Too bad. In fact, that attitude is not so much arrogance as it is selfishness: they are selfish. A little less arrogance and nyu essay funny, a lot more empathy would turn these brilliant programmers into a brilliant company, a brilliant success. Interaction design is about interfaces, which means it is about synchronizing the follower seamus heaney critical essay events of different systems, about memories, buffers, queues and waiting rooms. Waiting is an unavoidable component of interfaces, an unavoidable part of life. Just as dirt collects in crevices, buffers collect in the interfaces between systems. It is their natural home, and life would not work without them.
I have become fascinated by buffers. I see them everywhere I look. They cannot be escaped. Many of our clever ethnographic and field methods are designed to find unmet needs. You know what? Most are far better off if they stay unmet. The automobile industry is badly in need of guidance on human factors. Excellent people already work in the companies, but they suffer the problems faced within the consumer electronics and computer industries over wiesel thesis the past few decades. This is an important arena, one where human-centered design skills are essential. But success will come only when our discipline can provide seasoned managers who know how to seamus heaney work across disciplines, with engineers, designers (stylists), manufacturing, marketing and, of course, upper management. Yes, we want simplicity, but we don’t want to give up any of those cool features.
Simplicity is highly overrated. Cautious Cars Cantankerous Kitchens. Draft version of Chapter 1 of my new book, tentatively titled The Design of Future Things . (In press: Basic Books. Essay On Sex Equality. Expected publication: 2007.) This chapter is called Cautious cars and cantankerous kitchens. Follower Seamus. Posted December 9, 2006 as a Microsoft Word file. The truth about Google's so-called simplicity
The truth? It isn't simple. Why does it look simple? Because you can only do one thing from nyu essay funny their home page: search. Heaney Critical. If you want to do one of the many other things Google is able to do, oops, first you have to figure out how to find it, then you have to figure out which of the many offerings to use, then you have to figure out how to use it. And because all those other things are not on dj essay google the home page but, instead, are hidden away in various mysterious places, extra clicks and operations are required for even simple tasks -- if you can remember how to get to follower seamus heaney critical them. How To Find a Job or Graduate School in Human-Computer Interaction, Interaction, or Industrial Design. (Updated July 2012 from an earlier essay on finding a job.) I'm frequently asked how to find a job or a place to study, either in industrial design or user-interface design (Human-Computer Interaction). Rather than answer it anew each time, let me summarize my answer here.
You either need real work experience or a graduate degree, or both. I cannot tell you what to do. Good advice has to come from nyu essay funny someone who knows you, who knows your interests, training, and follower seamus heaney critical essay, skills. I cannot acquire that in an email message or two. So, seek out knowledgeable mentors where you live. Seek professors that you trust. Go to meetings of nyu essay funny societies (see below).
Read magazines and journals to learn who is doing what, where: then write to those people about their work. Trapped in a Lufthansa Airline Seat. I flew from Munich to Chicago in follower seamus essay, a brand new Lufthansa Airbus 340. (the 340-300 model, for those who keep track of such things). Ah, Lufthansa has gone to great lengths to improve their business class fittings. Essay On Sex Equality. Indeed each seat comes with a 14 page manual. (Oops, 14 pages? That should be warning enough.) As you can see, they confidently explain, we have thought of some new ways of making you feel at home. Seamus. Hah! Not my home, thank you. Please, not my home. When I got myself into a comfortable sleeping position, I couldn't get out. Four times in all I was trapped, trapped inside an airline seat.
Ah, the joys of a technology whose time has not yet come. Nyu Essay Funny. Kudos to Lufthansa for wonderful flight attendants, for a marvelous meal, and for trying so hard to make business class seats that truly deliver. Seamus Critical Essay. If it is the pre k dissertations thought that counts, Lufthansa wins. If execution also matters, well, they have some debugging to heaney critical essay do. Industrial Design: Claims Without Substance. Many people mail me examples of amazing new products, usually extremely clever and of great potential value. But do they really work?
Do they really solve problems? Nobody knows. The designers simply assert that they do. Claims are worthless unless backed up by data. We will never know if the claims are true unless they are tested in controlled, sensible trials. I have changed my mind: good designers communicate directly with their users through the appropriate placement of visible clues, hints, and yes, affordances. Once we start to view design as a form of essay equality communication between designer and the user, we see that perceived affordances become an important medium for that communication. Designed affordances play a very special role. Critical Essay. Now we see that the designer deliberately places signs and signals on the artifact to communicate with the user.
Affordances therefore signify intentions and reasons. They provide a story. And once we know what the designer was thinking, and why, suddenly the pre k dissertations device becomes understandable. A Persona is a valuable design concept, aiding the designer in seamus critical essay, maintaining an empathetic focus, providing a common language for communication among the diverse groups who work on a product -- different product groups, engineers, usability specialists, designers, marketing, and dissertations, executives. I review these features and suggest that Personas can be simple, made-up, and they do not have to be real. They must be realistic, so designers can empathize, and they must accurately characterize the population of purchasers and users of the product. Heaney Critical. Aside from that, I argue, exhaustive prior research and can a by the method, development for each Persona is not only unnecessary, it is probably a waste of resources. Heaney. (This essay, I predict, will be highly controversial.) In the world of computers there is a semi-serious saying That's not a bug, that's a feature! which refers to the fact that one can often disguise a bug -- a mistake in design or in problem be solved by the scientific method, programming -- as a feature -- claiming that it is worthwhile and critical, even deliberate. (The corollary to the saying goes like this: If it's in the documentation, it's a feature, not a bug.) Well, here is a case where badly designed door handles were turned into a feature -- an pre k dissertations excuse for art.
Rather than do the door properly -- use different kinds of handles on each side of the door -- they have used the confusion as an excuse to follower seamus heaney critical create art -- where the art is almost as confusing as the original, but at least is aesthetically pleasing and even a source of conversation. Activity-Centered Design: Why I like my Harmony Remote Control. July 2003. Most remote controls for watching video and controlling a home theater are device-centered so the task of turning on all the right equipment and setting each to elie wiesel thesis just the right setting is daunting. The Harmony Remote controller is activity-centered: it doesn't become a DVD controller. Instead, it allows you to do the activity of watching a DVD. Follower Seamus. The difference is enormous -- and night wiesel thesis, wonderful to behold. Activity-centered design. It works. Follower Seamus Critical. The first remote control I can recommend without hesitation.
Applying the Behavioral, Cognitive, and Social Sciences to Products. To do design requires an approximate science, a way of doing quick but effective computations: guidelines useful for synthesis and design. Applied discipolines have different needs than scientific ones. Not lower-quality -- different -- with different skills and dj essay google, different goals. Emotion Design: Attractive things work better. June 2002. Follower Seamus Heaney. (Also published as Norman, D. Problem Be Solved By The. A. Heaney Critical. (2002). Emotion and design: Attractive things work better.
Interactions Magazine, ix (4), 36-42). Advances in our understanding of emotion and affect have implications for the science of can a problem be solved by the method design. Affect changes the operating parameters of cognition: positive affect enhances creative, breadth-first thinking whereas negative affect focuses cognition, enhancing depth-first processing and minimizing distractions. Therefore, it is essential that products designed for use under stress follow good human-centered design, for stress makes people less able to cope with difficulties and less flexible in their approach to problem solving. Positive affect makes people more tolerant of minor difficulties and more flexible and creative in seamus critical essay, finding solutions. Products designed for more relaxed, pleasant occasions can enhance their usability through pleasant, aesthetic design. Aesthetics matter: attractive things work better. In the world of design, the term affordance has taken on nyu essay funny a life far beyond the original meaning.
It might help if we return to the original definition. Follower Seamus Heaney. Let me try to clarify the definition of the term and its many uses. Affordance, Conventions and Design (Part 2) The Psychology of essay equality Everyday Things (POET) was about perceived affordance. Follower Heaney Critical. If I ever were to revise POET, I would make a global change, replacing all instances of the word affordance with the phrase perceived affordance. The designer cares more about can a problem scientific what actions the user perceives to be possible than what is true. Moreover, affordances, both real and perceived, play very different roles in follower heaney essay, physical products than they do in the world of screen-based products. In the latter case, affordances play a relatively minor role: cultural conventions are much more important. Banner Blindness, Human Cognition and Web Design. Benway and Lane have studied Banner Blindness -- the fact that people tend to ignore those big, flashy, colorful banners at the top of web pages.
This is pretty interesting stuff, for can a by the the entire reason they are so big and obnoxious is to attract attention, yet they fail. Evidently nobody ever studied real users before -- they simply assumed that big, colorful items were visible. This paper, shows once again the importance of observations over logic when it comes to predicting human behavior. Design as practiced is considerably different from design as idealized in academic discussions of good design. Issues that seem simple from the vantage point of academia are often extremely complex when seen from inside the industry.
Indeed, the two sides seem hardly to be speaking the same language. Seamus Heaney Critical. In the course of dissertations my experiences, I have come to recognize that industry faces numerous problems that are outside of the follower heaney critical essay scope of the traditional analyses of design. Commentary: Human Error and the Design of can a scientific method Computer Systems. Many advances have been made in our understanding of the follower seamus hardware and nyu essay funny, software of information processing systems, but one major gap remains: the inclusion of the seamus critical essay human operator into the system analysis. The behavior of an information processing system is not a product of the design specifications: it is a product of the interaction between the human and pre k, the system. The Post Disciplinary Revolution: Industrial Design and Human Factors?Heal Yourselves.
Outline of an invited keynote address at the 1998 annual meeting of the Human Factors society. They hated it. If the customer can't find it, then the customer can't buy it. This simple statement explains why usability is the lifeline of follower heaney essay e-commerce.