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How do we write an argumentative essay

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How to Write an Argumentative Essay - Introduction and Conclusion

Introducing the British Council s How to Write an Argumentative Essay animated video series. This is the third of five simple and

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How do we write an argumentative essay

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ap world homework Syllabus for AP World History. *Signature of Parent REQUIRED. STUDENTS ARE NOT ALLOWED TO USE LAPTOPS, PADS, OR PHONES IN CLASS. THEY WILL BE TAKEN AWAY AND TURNED INTO THE AP'S OFFICE. STUDENTS THAT ARE REQUIRED TO USE THEM WILL BE GIVEN A SEAT IN WHICH THE SCREEN WILL BE VISIBLE TO THE TEACHER. Peter N. Stearns, et. al. World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 6th ed.AP Edition, Addison Wesley Longman, 2011. The 2017-2018 . AP World History Review books are found in the local bookstores and are highly recommended to be purchased at the beginning of the year. The Princeton Review is very popular with students. Barons has a nice index card collection. I recommend that you purchase one immediately.

Denis Sherman, et. al. World Civilizations: Sources, Images, and Interpretations, Vol 1 and II, (3 rd Ed.). How Do Essay? McGraw Hill, 2002. Essay? 1) Students must read one fictional OR one nonfictional books or novels that involve global history. A long summer reading list is provided. How Do An Argumentative? Choices include City of dbq essay industrial Thieves , History of the World in Six Glasses , All Quiet on how do, the Western Front , and a long list provided on this website. Any alternative book that focuses on World History must get my approval. Send me an email requesting approval of the book in question. 2) Read the Stearns Textbook, the Prologue and Chapters 1-6.

Each chapter has accompanying Guided Reading Questions for each chapter. 3) Send all critiques (see guides on writing book critiques) and Guided Reading Questions Completed answers to me in my Google Drive account. Failure to essays, do the summer work will result in we write an argumentative essay, 0's for the work and possibly a student being asked to withdraw from the course. The Google Drive will tell me when homework was sent, whether it was late or not, and crossroads creative in four genres will allow me to we write, compare your homework with your classmates or the internet to detect if there was cheating. Numerous historical articles are assigned throughout the school year and are accompanied by reading guides. Jared Diamond’s, The Worst Mistake in Human History . Pomeranz, K and Topik, S, The World That Trade Created . Control Essays? Friedl, E., Society and Sex Roles . Goals/Rationale : The purpose of the AP World History course is to develop greater understanding of the an argumentative essay evolution of global processes and contacts, in interaction with different types of human societies. This understanding is advanced through a combination of selective names and events with appropriate analytical skills.

The course highlights the define essay nature of changes in we write, international frameworks and their effects. Time and compare and contrast daisy regions will also be studied in this fashion. We Write An Argumentative Essay? The course addresses factual knowledge in conjunction with constant themes throughout the year. Focused primarily on the last 1,000 years of global history, the course builds on economic, social, cultural, geographical, and political themes. We divide up our study into Periodization (Ancient history, Classical History, Post Classical, 1450 to 1750, Early Modern, and Modern history) by focusing on change and continuity over time and comparison and contrast of global experiences in the Americas, Africa, Asia, Oceania, and Europe. Course Themes: AP World History highlights five overarching themes that should receive approximately equal attention throughout the course: Theme 1. Economic? Impact of technology and demography on people and the environment. Perhaps this topic has become more relevant given the current environmental crisis’s facing the world today. Impending disasters of global warming, unrestrained population growth, increasing demand for alternative energies, and recent outbreaks of potential global epidemics have made this theme very relevant to today’s student population.

This class will address the changing relationship between humankind and the environment from the Neolithic period to the present. Human migration, regional effects of climate and geography on civilizations, the influence of changing technologies, the spread of how do we write essay disease (i.e. virgin soil epidemics), and the increasing rate of environmental exploitation are examined using a variety of skills. Theme 2. Industrial? Cultural and intellectual developments and interactions among and within societies. Cultural Diffusion of the varied world cultures and intellectual philosophies is the theme that addresses the exchange of religion, science, the arts, architecture, technology, philosophies, and ideologies. How Do An Argumentative? How do the world civilizations spread these ideas and define essay what forces are at work that encourage or hinder the diffusion of how do an argumentative essay these concepts? How do contemporary cultures compare and how do we explain similarities that exist without direct contact between these cultures? We will emphasize the global nature of daisy and myrtle this ebb and flow of these ideas. Theme 3. Changes in we write an argumentative essay, functions and structures of states and in attitudes toward states and political identities . Continued development of the methods of define essay governance has revealed trends and unique forms of essay political control. The course looks at the range from compare daisy and myrtle stateless societies to the modern complex political structures that blend tradition with modern political science.

Why are governments so radically different and we write an argumentative essay yet still have some key core common features? To what extent is sovereignty shared or held exclusively? How is government adaptable to economic, geographic, demographic, and intellectual changes? Expansion, war, and dbq essay industrial revolution diplomacy will also be examined on a regional and global stage. We Write An Argumentative? Students will compare the personal statement prompt app responses of the ruled to changes in civic expectations, increased economic duties, and in regard to how do an argumentative essay, harsh repressive governments. Lessons will address the changing nature of politics as we progress chronologically and define essay the unit of government proceeds through levels of monarchy, constitutional monarchy, feudalism, democracy, and now international political organizations. Theme 4. Impact of economic interaction among societies (trade, systems of international exchange). Globalization of the essay economy has been the result of thousands of years of economic interaction between people. Control? This course will trace the development of Neolithic sedentary agriculture to the development of the interconnected multinational corporations that have more power than most countries today. How Do Essay? Students will examine the relationships between micro and essay macro economic relationships that have influenced world history.

We will study the development of various labor systems, expanding trade networks, industrialization, and the development of our current economic theories of capitalism, communism, and market socialism. Theme 5. Systems of we write social structure and gender structure. This course will focus on the varied forms of social stratification and analyze ways in which people are classified and viewed by others. Social history is a relatively new field that examines the relationships found amongst people. Family, gender, age, ethnicity, and economic social class are factors that are used to create varying degrees of social order. Industrial? We will study how different cultures make these distinctions. Skills: Students will be expected to develop the following defined set of historical skills that will allow. them to write, read, and discuss things historical. How Do We Write Essay? Essays will require a student to use/analyze historical evidence and apply it to crossroads creative, more traditional Advanced Placement World History style essays of Change over Time, Compare and how do essay Contrast, and Document Based Questions. These will be frequently complimented with a variety of writing and control essays thinking exercises that apply these skills on how do, shorter response questions that develop these and writing in four genres other historical skills. *Historical Argumentation- Students will learn to write and speak persuasively in support of an essay argument/thesis. This skill will be enhanced through frequent essay writing, debate, presentations, and in define essay, simple classroom discussion.

One sample lesson is a class debate that puts Father De Las Casas on trial for an argumentative essay crimes against economic essay humanity. Students will role play the defense, prosecution, and jury teams. *Using History as Evidence - The AP Exam is a fabulous test of a student’s ability to apply what they have learned in class and from their own research to help support their arguments and main points. Responses will be formulated from primary and secondary sources, speeches, cartoons, charts, art, film, etc.. No longer is the answer found on how do an argumentative essay, a certain page, but instead the student will process and organize historical evidence to support the skill of historical argumentation (thesis). The sample lesson plan for define essay this skill is a three day project that has students research global belief systems and groups present how a chosen system is best adapted to its particular setting and recommend it to we write an argumentative, potential believers/followers. * Chronological Reasoning - Too often history classes have focused on revolution, the date of a particular event as the important feature of history.

Reality is that dates themselves have little historical significance if they are not studied in relation to cause and effect of the global happenings found before and after an event’s date. Students will frequently address. * Historical Causation from the approach of multiple causation. What long term and short term events have shaped events like the Protestant Reformation? Continuity and how do an argumentative Change Over Time/COT writing and discussion will look at the patterns of change and define essay which characteristics are retained through time. i.e. It is true that the Japanese people focused on tradition and tried to remain isolated from outside influences during its’ long feudal period. Closer analysis shows that Japan did indeed learn and change due to outside influence, but to what extent did change occur and to what extend did Japanese society remain traditional? Periodization - This is a difficult chronological skill for professional historians to agree u pon, let alone for how do we write essay the budding AP World History amateur historians to tackle. The students will examine what periodization is, how historiography has changed based on time and rival schools of historical thought. How accurate are the periods of history we study and how were these dates/periods determined? Exercises will be construed to ask the students to determine which event truly ended a particular epoch such as the Early Modern Period.

Students should come to the realization that global history is not so easily compartmentalized, but that it is easier for us to relate to it in this fashion. * Comparison and might essay Contextualization- The AP World History class will utilize the BEST method of student comprehension which is to use Compare and Contrast analysis of examining history. An example of this skill has the class examining what the how do essay term “modern” means and compare our textbook explanation with newer views of Qing China and their European counterparts. We will evaluate how the Chinese were indeed more “modern” in many ways and discuss why the image of their 19 th century is so backward. Students will then brainstorm what they know about modern China. Personal Prompt App? Students will then be asked to compare the how do an argumentative essay two periods and make assumptions about how similar the periods were and how much has changed. Contextualization develops the skill of examining a historical event within the framework of time and place with other global history. * Historical Interpretation and Synthesis - Students will study the different historical Interpretations of history such as a Marxist view and Hegel’s dialectic of change. Students will learn to synthesize our study of crossroads in four history with skills used in other social science disciplines such as anthropology, archaeology, the arts, literature, economics, geography, and how do an argumentative political science.

Unit Time Frame : the course will have as its chronological frame the period from approximately 6000 CE to the present with careful preparation in terms of previous developments. Period I. Technology and Environmental Transformations to 600 BCE (5% of class) Period II. Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies, 600BCE to 600 CE (15%) Period III. Regional and and contrast daisy Transregional Interactions, 600 CE to 1450 CE (20%) Period IV. Global Interactions, 1450 to 1750 CE (20%) Period V. Industrialization and how do essay Global Interaction, 1750 to 1900 CE (20%) Period VI. Accelerating Global Change and Realignments, 1900 to Present (20%) Key Concepts Organized by Six Periods and Key Themes Within Each Period. Period 1: Technology and Environmental Transformations to 600 BCE (5% of essay class) Key Concept 1.1The Global Diaspora, Big Geography and the Peopling of the World. The course starts with the peopling of the globe starting in Africa and fanning out to the other continents.

We will discuss the how do essay progress through the Paleolithic Period examining how climate change, geographic adaptations, and the development of define essay new technologies allowed early man to how do we write an argumentative essay, survive and eventually thrive. Early man had unique religious beliefs, simple egalitarian social and political structures, and began to interact with neighbors and become more interdependent. Key Concept 1.2 The Neolithic Revolution and Early Agricultural Society. Was man better off with the might essay civilizations that the Neolithic Revolution brought about? The class debates Steele’s thesis that hunters and gatherers were healthier than their settled agricultural society. We examine the process of multiple causation of the Neolithic Revolution.

How did domestication of animals in Eurasia promote “civilization” yet this process escaped mammal rich Africa and the Americas? Special Focus - Students will analyze and we write an argumentative discuss the positive and negative consequences of the transition from hunting and gathering to sedentary farming. They will read Jared Diamond’s, The Worst Mistake in define essay, Human History and Ernestine Frissell’s, Society and Sex Roles . How Do We Write An Argumentative Essay? Jigsaw activity- Students analyze the changes due to changing geography. Students will write a COT thesis paragraph for evaluation. Key Concept 1.3. The Rise of the River Valley Civilizations.

The class will examine the rise of define essay early civilizations in how do we write an argumentative, Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and the Indus River Valley. We will discuss the effect of surplus, job specialization, rise of urban centers, polytheism, increasing trade and conquest, record keeping, and industrial revolution other characteristics of early man on how do we write an argumentative, these regions and their continued growth. Period 2: The Classical World, Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies, c. In Four? 600 BCE to c. 600 CE. Key Concept 2.1. We Write An Argumentative? The Development of Axis Age Belief Systems and Cultural Traditions. Control? Students will examine the different major belief systems that were developed and matured during this time period. We will look how the geography, history, cultural diffusion and other factors helped create and an argumentative codify Hinduism, Christianity, Greco-Roman Polytheism, Judaism, Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism. Despite glaring differences in practices and beliefs, these systems also shared common expectations for their followers. Dbq Essay Revolution? We will address the role of each religion with various states and try and understand why some religions were embraced and others were persecuted.

Special Focus - Shared and how do we write an argumentative Unique Values found in different Axial Age belief systems. Students will read excerpts and secondary source articles from Judaism, Buddhism, Greek rational thinking, Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, and dbq essay industrial revolution Christianity. Readings will include A Confucianist Poem: The Role of Women by Fu Xuan, the how do we write an argumentative Analects: The Confucian School , The Life of Buddha by Asvaghosha, Greek Realities by Finley Hooper. Each student will be in a group that will highlight the key components of define essay each belief system and present them to the class. They will use posters to aid in their presentations and we write also explain the similarities and differences and what ideas might have diffused in from other cultures. Individual students will then write a one page Alien report that explains which system is best suited for their environment and culture. Key Concept 2.2. Emergence of States and Empires. Nations and empires continued to emerge during this period. The class will address the nature of contact between civilizations during this period. How did empires such as the Han and the Romans control such vast areas of conquered territory?

These empires used powerful military structures, used their geography and resources to their advantage, and created highly effective complex political systems. How did these powerful empires decline? Students will identify trends that are found amongst their contemporaries and later societies. Birth Control Essays? Special Focus - Historical Causation and Consequences. Students will read The Fall of Rome by St. Jerome (340-420 C.E.) and an argumentative The Later Roman Empire by A. H. M. Jones. Students will write down the reasons for the fall of Rome as seen by contemporaries and by modern historians. This will be done for homework. Students will then in class, each student will write down the top three consequences of the fall of writing Rome. The previous textbook reading will enhance Jones’ article and we write then we will prioritize the main consequences of the fall.

Students will conclude this essay by comparing Gupta India, Han China, and Rome after the Empires fell. Key Concept 2.3. Growth of Trans-regional Trade and Communication systems. The growth of these states and empires led to growing interdependent societies with expanding trade and communication networks. Sea routes and dbq essay industrial revolution overland trade routes were the means of cultural diffusion. Trade goods were the main focus of this trade, but religion, people, domesticated animals, disease, culture, were exchanged as well. Period 3: Regional and Trans-regional Interactions, c. 600 to we write an argumentative, c. 1450.

Key Concept 3.1. Expansion and Intensification of Communication and Exchange Networks. Trade and communication networks were either newly developed by expanding societies or expanded and routes added as nations waxed and waned during this period. Migrations and the peopling of new areas led to demographic changes and increased exchange between societies. Expansion of the Silk Road, Indian Ocean Trade, expanding networks in the Western Hemisphere, and sub-Saharan trade led to daisy, increased wealth and social stratification. Exploration increased sponsored by how do we write, several states or by the desire to find more riches. Regional development continued in more isolated regions. Key Concept 3.2. Continuity and Innovation of State Forms and Their Interactions.

While some states declined and regions waned in degree of central power (Europe), others regions experienced continuity and rebirth. New states in Africa and crossroads creative Asia revived or adapted new systems that led to regional power and we write essay expansion. Neo Confucianist Chinese dynasties revived traditional belief systems and practices. Islam was established and rapidly spread with Muslim conquest and trade. The nomadic Mongols facilitated the increased exchange of culture and disease by conquering and unifying Asia to the borders of Europe and the Middle East. Special Focus- Trade and the Economy of China during and after the Yuan Dynasty. Students will study trade maps of the Mongol Empire and read The Biography of Zhu Jiefuy: Merchants in China by Wang Daokun. They will be asked to discuss how the birth control Mongol court favored artisans and merchants more than previous dynasties. They will then research and explain to what extent the status of the merchants was retained under the Ming Dynasty and how much was rejected. We Write? Key Concept 3.3. Increased Economic Productive Capacity and Its Consequences.

The growing World Network during this period saw increased in the productive capacity of societies and the exchange of many of these technologies. Paper led to better record keeping and crossroads writing in four the growth of an argumentative bureaucracies and a more rapid pace of exchange than experienced in previous epochs. This acceleration of exchange linked disease and its demographic impact as well. Labor systems experienced more forced labor and continued free labor systems. Women were often the economic might victims of increasing paternal institutional controls. Special Focus - Mongol DBQ break down.

Students will be given a DBQ about Mongol Conquest and how do we write an argumentative the Reactions encountered. Part one will be a discussion on what is POV/Bias and why it plays such an important role in understanding primary sources. Part Two will be a reading of dbq essay industrial revolution selected quotes from Ibn Battuta’s travel accounts published in the Rihla and Marco Polo’s, Il Milione . We will discuss how these accounts are good examples of we write essay POV/bias. Students will then read the six documents and write down 1) what is the author’s bias/POV, 2) how does it affect the author’s account, 3) who is the intended audience, 3) what is the purpose of the author, 4) how does tone and purpose come into play, and 5) to what extent does this bias effect the accuracy of the document? The class will break down each of these documents by define essay, getting feedback from each student. The final evaluation is the essay that will be written the next day in class. Period 4: Global Interactions, 1450 to 1750 CE. Key Concept 4.1. Globalizing Networks of Communication and Exchange . As the world got smaller due to new contact between the New and Old World, new exchanges effected both regions. Virgin Soil Epidemics caused a huge reduction in native populations while the peopling of the globe began to how do we write essay, radically change. The Columbian Exchange led to drastic economic changes as Europe began to emerge commercially and common militarily.

Other major trade routes continued to thrive and expand. Key Concept 4.2. An Argumentative? New Forms of Social Organization and Modes of Production. Protoindustrialization led to increased economic productivity and set the base for continued economic expansion. Slavery was altered and economic might enlarged as the prime of African society was severely depleted and sent off to foreign labor markets.

Cities grew as trade increased. This growing and more mercantile urban development led to strains on existing economic power held by traditional land holding elite classes. The increased mixing of the races in the Western Hemisphere led to how do we write essay, stratified social classifications based on racial origin. Land reform, new farming techniques, increased variety in domestic animals all led to increased food production and demographic growth. Key Concept 4.3. State Consolidation and Imperial Expansion.

One world trend was the continued growth of political consolidation and imperialism. Europe colonized North and South America and, led by trade corporations, was on the verge of conquest in South Asia and Africa. Some African states experienced rapid economic growth due to increased trade at control essays the expense of their neighbors. Period 5: Industrialization and Global Interaction, 1750 to 1900 CE. Key Concept 5.1. Imperialism and Nation-State Formation. Nationalism and Imperialism went hand in hand as Europe emerged as a militarily unmatched power. Ethnic nationalism led to the creation of new nation states in Italy and Germany while causing unrest in Great Britain, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and other polyglot states. Nationalism led to how do we write an argumentative, frequent conflict between European states as dominance was fleeting going from the Iberian states, France, The Netherlands, Great Britain, and emerging Germany, Russia, and the United States. The Atlantic Slave trade was replaced by colonization of sub-Sahara Africa and forced labor systems. Negative racial ideologies led to egregious human rights violations in dbq essay, the colonies (Leopold’s Holocaust).

Special Focus- How did technology and different perspectives allowed Europe and the United States advantages in we write an argumentative, creating new empires and enforcing Imperialistic policies in the this time period? Students will examine the painting, The Nemesis destroying Chinese war junks during the Second Battle of control Chuenpee , 7 January 1841, and read excerpts from MacCartney and how do we write the Emperor , and Two Edicts from the Qinlong Emperor. The Class will brainstorm the military advantages the Europeans had during the Opium Wars. Excerpts from the reading will be read from the Smart Board and students will identify the Bias and POV found in each document. They will write down the different cultural and political attitudes that led to the conflict instead of compare and myrtle essay resolution in the coming decades.

Key Concept 5.2. We Write An Argumentative? Nationalism, Revolution, and Reform. Other ISMs such as nationalism, Marxism, constitutionalism, and might essay socialism emerged as the how do we write an argumentative Old Regime struggled to survive the progressive social sciences promoted during the Enlightenment. The colonial elite used these new Western Ideologies to prompt common app, guide various nationalist independence movements in North and South America. Even the slave colony of Haiti successfully revolted against Napoleon’s empire. Sovereignty was being spread and monarchy and nobility was being replaced by representative governments. Women sought reform and found themselves on the eve of women’s suffrage and growing political power as their economic roles changed. Despite powerful voices of essay change, traditional governments and ideologies often remained in power until the twentieth century. Special Focus - Interactive Maps from McGraw Hill will be used to examine the changing face of the borders of Europe with focus on unification in Italy and Germany. Compare And Myrtle? Each map will be discussed to explain different methods of how do we write territorial expansion in each country. Students will be asked to industrial, explain which groups with happy with territorial expansion and which ethnic groups were unhappy and why.

Each student will be asked to how do we write essay, represent a different ethnic group and explain their position on unification. Key Concept 5.3. Industrialization and Global Capitalism. The Industrial Revolution is arguably the greatest catalyst of change in Human history. Industrial? The rate of how do we write essay change, the factory system, urbanization, new military technology, developments in power and transportation all led to rapid social, political, environmental, and economic change. The middle class triumphed and became the elite in industrialized societies and liberal ideology was making headway in those nations that were beginning to economic might essay, industrialize. The industrialized nations, led by Great Britain, moved to incorporate increased levels of capitalism and moved away from the more regulated economic system of mercantilism. Industrialization also had negative effects on the environment, living conditions, the work place, child labor, and other changes that created a huge gap in how do an argumentative essay, the quality of life between the owners of production and the workers. Labor often moved from daisy armed insurrection and how do an argumentative essay rapid change (French Revolution) to the ballot box for reform. Crossroads In Four Genres? The increased demands of industry influenced governments to we write, expand the dependence on colonial empire for raw materials and to provide markets for in four genres finished products. Special Focus -The class will examine the concept of “Modern” by watching Bin Wong’s lecture on the subject taped by Columbia University.

They will then examining Qing China with its European contemporaries in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries on the University’s web site to how do an argumentative essay, compare both China and Europe to understand which is “Modern” and by what standards. Was China so far behind Europe? Key Concept 5.4. Global Migration. Dbq Essay Industrial Revolution? The forces of Industrialization and Imperialism led to the greatest migrations of people in how do an argumentative, history until the twentieth century. Expanding empires facilitated the movement of Europeans filling bureaucratic roles in colonial possessions and repopulating areas that saw declining aboriginal populations, such as the Caribbean, parts of Latin America, New Zealand, Australia, and North America. Unskilled workers moved from India, Japan, China, and numerous other areas to fill the void of cheap labor that the decline of forced labor and slavery left. Industrialization saw the economic essay rapid change of labor moving from rural areas to we write an argumentative, urban areas. Improvements in dbq essay industrial, communication and transportation led to massive waves of workers emigrating to countries that were experiencing rapid industrialization.

These demographic changes led to new questions of citizenship, racial immigration quotas, new racial ideologies, and ethnic unrest. How Do An Argumentative? Special Focus - Romanticism and the Industrial Revolution. How Romantic Art and Literature represent an intellectual revolution against the Industrial Revolution and a reverence for the natural world. Birth Essays? Students will look at how do an argumentative essay John Turner’s and John Constable’s paintings, and read “Tintern Abbey” in William Wordsworth's Poem. And Contrast Daisy And Myrtle? Students will be asked to make a list of Romantic Era characteristics found in the paintings and poem.

They will also identify the an argumentative essay subtle negative views of Industrial England found in the paintings and poem. Each student will write a COT essay that incorporates artistic and political reactions and the synthesis of the birth Industrial Revolution and the Romantic critics. Period 6: Accelerating Global Change and Realignments, c. 1900 to the Present. Key Concept 6.1. The Decline of Empires and the Global Nationalist Independence Movements. European, the United States, and Japan lost their expansive global empires in the periods following World War I and World War II. How did nationalist movements increase in how do, popularity and effectiveness during the industrial twentieth century?

The emergence of a political and economic conflict with the creation of the Soviet Union allowed colonial nationalist leaders to receive military and economic aid in their struggles for independence. Imperialistic powers exhausted each other’s military and economic power by how do, fighting two devastating world wars. The western political and economic ideology of democracy and free trade influenced other leaders to define essay, seek more aggressive methods of securing nationhood. China used the Cold War struggle to remove the yoke of economic imperialism and create a unique version of communism and follow a path of non-alignment. The collapse of the Soviet Union has led to the creation of many new countries as ethnic groups in Europe and Asia created their own states out of the ex-satellite nations and we write essay Soviet Republics. Special Focus - Changes in functions of states at the end of the empires. Read the Declaration against Colonialism by the United Nations and Nigeria’s 1979 Constitution. Students will be assigned thes two assignments and asked to industrial, list the we write reasons why the might United Nations rejected imperialism and why creating a newly independent state in Africa was very difficult.

Focus on the traditional role of colony vs. mother country will be discussed and students will write a research paper (3 ? pages) highlighting how a particular African colony transitioned into how do we write essay a modern state. Key Concept 6.2. Global War and Conflict. The apparent decline of the West has occurred due to the increased frequency of war and the global nature of several of these conflicts. Creative Writing? As the industrial powers exhausted themselves in modern warfare, civilian populations suffered as the distinction between soldier and civilian have become blurred. New weaponry lays waste to huge numbers of combatants and civilians alike. Often times civilians are sought out we write essay, when delivering weapons of mass destruction (nuclear bombs, terrorist attacks, etc.). New nations struggle with conflicts over boundaries, religious conflict, limited resources, and political instability. Increased reliance of terrorism as a voice of protest or tactic of war has found victims far removed from the traditional war zones. Genocide has reared its horrific head in several nations, killing millions in the last one hundred years. Special Focus - Students will use the cartoons from writing genres Punch, Ernest Howard (E.H.) Shepard, the we write essay cartoonist who created “ Germany Shall Never Be Encircled ,” and “ Rendering Fine Service” , The Halifax Herald, by Bob Chambers.

Students will have a guided question sheet to answer when analyzing these cartoons on the Smart board. The questions will require students to individually write about POV, historical context, tone, purpose of the cartoon, and effectiveness of the cartoonist. Students will evaluate how these cartoons portray bias toward Germany and a changing expectation of the role of women in industrial revolution, the workforce. Key Concept 6.3. How Do We Write An Argumentative Essay? New Global Processes and Institutions.

The rapid advancement of science, transportation, and communication have led to unprecedented exchange of ideas, medical practices, goods, increased global travel, and other benefits to humankind. The benefits of these advances are many and include the following brief list, life expectancy has risen in many countries; literacy rates continue to improve; international awareness of many cultures; the diverse ethnic populations of countries; and others positive changes. This rapid modernization has also had very negative impacts on our environment as we deplete our resources and compare and myrtle essay pollute our air and water. How Do An Argumentative? Global epidemics have spread rapidly and are more difficult to contain. The increased wealth has not been evenly distributed across the globe and billions live in poverty and and contrast daisy essay fail to receive the benefits of our new advancements. Communication has seen the world being connected trough television, radio, satellite telephone, and how do we write the internet. Birth Control Essays? Many are threatened by this trend of how do essay globalization. Unique cultures are lost, languages are disappearing, Hollywood and Bollywood have unrivaled influence. Many have met these threats with increased nationalism, racism, xenophobia, and war.

International agencies such as the revolution League of Nations and the United Nations have tried to ease the tensions that our “modern” world has brought us to. Special Focus - Historical Causes and Effects. The main goal is to use demographics, art, and we write an argumentative essay film to understand the causes of overpopulation and the consequences of this dilemma. Students will use the crossroads creative in four genres Eight Minute Population Connection film about population growth through history and the accompanying poster, A Quick Trip to how do we write an argumentative essay, 7 Billion , Population Pyramids from China, Nigeria, and Great Britain, and define essay the accompanying population and poverty posters to discuss the consequences of overpopulation. Once the danger of overpopulation is examined and discussed by listing and analyzing the dangers, we will then have the class explain why world population has exploded since 1800. We will use our primary and secondary sources for this activity.

The final step will be to read the article, the article Population 7 Billion by By Robert Kunzig. Each student will be responsible for writing a position paper designed to be sent to how do we write, the United Nations. This position paper will lay out concrete methods that will alleviate the and contrast daisy consequences of overpopulation. Test Date : May 16, 2014. AP students are also required to take the NYS Global Regents exam in June. AP World History Exam will consist of.

1. 70 multiple choice questions in a 55 minute period. 2. Document Based Question. 3. How Do An Argumentative Essay? Change over Time Free response essay. 4. Comparative Essay. There will be several optional, but highly recommended, review sessions offered after school prior to the midterm, AP exam, and economic essay regents exam. Grading, Advice, Homework, Computers, Parental Involvement, etc.: Grading Policy- 50% for Tests, Quizzes, Essays, Papers. 40% of the grade is derived from completion of homework. 10% of the Quarter Grade comes from overall effort in class.

Homework : Found nightly and over the weekend on assignment sheets obtained in class and on the school EBoard for students and concerned parents. Each homework assignment is how do an argumentative graded with 5 points and comprises a major part of a student’s overall grade. And Contrast And Myrtle? Some assignments will be posted in a folder found at EBoard site. An Argumentative? Contact: Please contact me with any questions concerning your child at home or even better email me. Recommendations for Success : 1. Attention in compare and contrast, class. This is part of the effort grade. How Do? 2. Classroom participation in discussions. 3. Consistent and industrial revolution thorough completion of all assignments ESPECIALLY reading the chapters and.

4. Adequate preparation for tests, essays, and quizzes. 5. Knowing when to seek extra help. Grading - Grades will be based on essay, unit tests, quizzes, essays, homework, effort, and a variety of other graded projects. The Final Exam for creative in four this class is the NYS Global Regents exam. This is a VERY DEMANDING class and students may experience lower grades even though they are working harder than they have ever before.

Generally the we write essay grades improve if the student maintains a consistent level of effort. I HAVE REVIEWED THE COURSE GUIDELINES FOR ____________________________.

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laying out an essay Double-click on any word and how do we write essay, see its definition from Cambridge Dictionaries Online. One of the most important skills you will learn and develop during your university years is writing, in particular essay writing. It is important to realise that this is a skill which has to be learnt and daisy and myrtle essay, practised, and that therefore you should apply yourselves from the very beginning, as you will be writing essays for which you will be graded from the early weeks to the very end of your degree programme. These skills will be used by we write an argumentative, you regularly once you leave university, no matter what path you choose to take. Crossroads? Essay writing involves presenting an how do we write essay, argument and communicating. Control Essays? It can be easily imagined that this covers a vast variety of scenarios in which you need to be clear and persuasive : arguing that you should be given the job you are applying for, selling the outline of a film script you have written, presenting products at various forums, writing articles for publication, persuading your bank manager to extend your loan, preparing reports, beginning and sustaining your career in journalism, and writing lectures and class plans for your future students. The list is endless, and it is obvious that the way you present your arguments in written form can make the difference between success and an argumentative essay, failure - in which case you will have to think again.

In some of the scenarios outlined above the skills required for essays essay writing should be slightly adapted but the how do an argumentative, basic skills and methods are in the main common to all forms of formal writing in which an argument or arguments need to be presented. The focus here is define essay, primarily on writing essays concerning literature. You may have many great ideas and be a very intuitive and fine reader of literature, but no-one will ever know if you cannot express your ideas properly and your communicative skills are not developed. It is no good carrying around insights into a particular piece of literature if you do not put efforts into presenting them clearly . An Argumentative? Some of the following may be obvious, but the points need to be emphasised and consulted each time you are preparing an essay. The comments are based on years of experience of reading student essays, good, bad, and indifferent at personal prompt common app, the University of Liège. An essay should not be merely a list. Too many in the past have been a list of notes, or a series of how do we write essay, sub-headings followed by a list of dashes (-) or stars (*) accompanied by one or two words and/or quotations from the literary text with no explanation of dbq essay, what they are doing there. Let us be blunt here and we write, state that we tutors are not impressed by indiscriminate underlining and control essays, the use of different coloured pens. Sub-headings written in magenta, underlined in ochre, followed by a list of quotations in vermilion are pointless.

We are not tricked by attempts to distract us, through dazzling visual displays, from the fact that an essay is poor. An essay should be the development of argument, interpretation and analysis through extended and flowing narrative . How Do We Write An Argumentative? To do this you need to work at the level of the sentence, of and myrtle essay, course, but also, very importantly, you need to work at the level of the paragraph . The paragraph is a coherent passage of how do we write an argumentative, logically connected sentences usually concentrating on no more than one or two ideas relevant to crossroads writing, your argument. Do not use very short and unconnected staccato sentences. It takes experience and practice to develop a sense of when a new paragraph is needed and we write, when it has been finished. Examine the introduction to this booklet and this guide to get some sense of how paragraphs, or ' idea units ' as they have also been called, can be developed and crossroads, constructed, and how their 'natural' beginnings and how do an argumentative essay, ends appear.

The first sentence of the paragraph should generally be a 'strong' one, used to signal or indicate the idea to be discussed within the birth, paragraph. Think of a 'topic sentence', as it has also been called, which will highlight the main areas examined in a particular paragraph. Connecting and signposting words and phrases should be learnt, used, practised and developed (examples are 'furthermore', 'moreover', 'in addition', 'to qualify the above', 'however', 'in order to', 'in this connection', 'having established that' etc.). How Do We Write An Argumentative? The argument should develop through the language you use and crossroads creative writing, therefore in a short essay sub-headings are unnecessary. Several stages are involved in we write an argumentative essay preparation, choosing which points are to be considered, deciding how you will deal with them, and the actual writing. As you gain more experience you will find methods and ways of working which suit you, your personality and lifestyle. Generally, however, the process will involve the following. You should examine carefully the statements made in the essay question , making sure you understand each word and define essay, what is being asked, as misreading and misunderstanding at this stage can be fatal.

Essay questions can be very general, very specific and sometimes deliberately provocative, and an understanding of them is essay, essential. Read through notes you may have made in class, start to gather other relevant source material , and make notes about the literary text you are examining. Ask yourself the questions suggested earlier in the introduction to this booklet, concerning style, content, and imagery etc. Next you will probably want to identify the key points that you want to discuss. There may be many points you find generally interesting, but ask yourself if they are relevant to the essay in question. To do this it can be useful to crossroads creative writing in four genres, try to think of a title for how do we write your essay. This is not to be confused with the essay question or title, but is concerned with your response to the task set. What title would best give the crossroads writing, reader an overview of your approach and essay, analysis, and highlight the main points you examine and creative writing, the conclusions you reach? (Suggestions concerning conclusions will be given later).

You should not assume that an essay has to include and cover all the possible points an interpretation may offer up. A short, well organised and structured essay focusing on some of the main points is far better than an over-long and unwieldy attempt to we write an argumentative, say a little about define essay everything. You may find it useful to how do, state in the introduction which points you are focusing on and why. Keep your reader informed of the development of your argument. Dbq Essay Revolution? Let her or him know which direction is being taken and the reasons why. Once the main points have been identified you need to how do an argumentative, consider in which order they will be examined. Students often do not make the most of the good ideas they have because they get lost if the argument does not develop coherently. Good points are also often thrown away or wasted because students do not say enough about compare and contrast and myrtle essay them. Make sure the relevance of each point to the main argument is clearly stated and demonstrated. You should dwell and linger on the points: often this requires no more than two or three extra sentences, particularly if your writing is concise and focused. A good essay takes time to prepare and write, so start to think about it and do the groundwork well ahead of the essay deadline (even in timed conditions, such as exams, it is important to we write essay, take the time to organise and structure the essay before starting to write).

You will probably find that you need to work out your ideas on paper before writing the essay, and are encouraged to prepare an outline of the essay: a point by point series of key words, phrases and ideas. This will help you to organise the structure and to and contrast daisy and myrtle essay, recognise what is we write an argumentative essay, relevant and irrelevant to the essay as a whole. Some people find that a plan or outline will consist of eight to ten words only. Others find it more useful to economic might, draw up very detailed plans, outlining every paragraph and its contents. Again you will discover which method works for you as you go along.

Some students find it easier to an argumentative, think and plan the essay point by point before beginning to write, whilst others find that after some initial preparation, reading, organisation and thinking they can only develop their ideas through writing. Both these approaches take time, if the essays are to be done well. Dbq Essay Industrial? It should be stressed here that the how do, first plan does not have to be binding and may change as the work begins and develops. The main point here is that essays involve a certain amount of planning and preparation even before the dbq essay industrial, actual writing begins. Having emphasised that essays are hard work and take time it should also be stressed that it can be very stimulating and rewarding to work through a number of essay, ideas in depth and detail. Literary texts and literary language are potentially very complex, inspiring, and beautiful. The ideas and images often demand careful thought and attention.

Computers are essential in terms of using the time you spend on define essay an essay efficiently and how do we write an argumentative essay, productively. As stated earlier, good essay writing demands time spent on every stage of the compare and contrast daisy and myrtle essay, process: reading and research, making an outline, ordering and structuring your ideas, writing and changing various drafts, and final editing and presentation. With this in mind it cannot be stressed enough how important it is for you to learn word-processing skills and to make sure you have access to a computer. How Do Essay? Use the university resources. Admittedly the space available is limited at times but this is no excuse not to learn the skills, if you do not already possess them, and to find out where there are available computer terminals. Writing In Four? Of course if you use university resources it is even more important to we write essay, start your essay early in industrial revolution order to avoid the last minute rush as most students, not only from this department, search for terminals in a panic on the Friday before a Monday deadline. It is appreciated that students are very busy and do have a lot of we write essay, work, but it is a mistake to claim, as some students have been heard, that they are too busy to define essay, learn word-processing skills.

Ultimately word-processing will save you a lot of an argumentative essay, time. It is dbq essay industrial, far easier to add and delete material, and to restructure and how do essay, reorganise essays by might essay, moving material around, on a computer than if you are writing by hand. Software has become really user-friendly; 'Word', for we write instance, will tell you what to do in personal prompt app explicit English or French, and typing skills can be learned whilst typing. Your essay will be the representation of an how do we write essay, argument on a given subject or subjects . It will include only economic might, points which are relevant to how do we write, the subject, so be careful to get rid of material that is not directly relevant. Although students complain that essays are too long, most of the essays you will write are really relatively short. Part of the skill of define essay, writing is to essay, write concisely and economically , without wasting material or 'padding' the work with irrelevant diversions and repetition. Once the points have been chosen they should be presented logically and coherently , so do not leap about from point to point. Each point generally will have some connection to define essay, the preceding one and how do we write an argumentative essay, the one to follow. If you do leave one area of the essay to move into another, but intend later to go back to the point you have left and show, for industrial example, how the points may be connected or related, then it can be useful to say so by 'signposting', e.g. 'this point will be picked up later', 'this point will be returned to later, after taking into consideration . '. We Write An Argumentative? After each draft of the essay check that each point is presented in a logical and coherent order. Read each draft carefully and define essay, critically. Is there a significant idea you have not included in the essay?

Do you need to expand some of the points you have chosen to write about? Are some of the an argumentative essay, points, after due consideration, not really relevant? Have you been too long-winded or repetitive? If so, cut out and/or reduce some of the text. Does your argument need to be clearer, and do the links between some of the main points need more emphasis? You should be asking yourself these questions throughout the whole process. A particularly distressing weakness in the past, but hopefully not the future, has been the absence of serious discussion of imagery and literary language . Some students have merely stated that the author uses imagery, illustrated this with an example, and then moved on dbq essay to the how do we write an argumentative essay, next point on the list. Personal Statement App? If you discuss images, metaphors and other literary devices, then say how and why they are being used in the piece of fiction, and maybe if you think the imagery works or not. If you do not say how and why an how do, image is being used then don't mention it.

You will not write good work on literature if you approach an essay as some useless game of 'spot the image'. Throughout your years at the University of Liège you will be writing essays on literature which will inevitably include numerous quotations , either from the literature you are working on or from secondary sources, be they books or articles on historical context, literary criticism or other relevant areas. These quotations can obviously add much to statement prompt app, the texture and quality of your work, but they are often handled very badly by how do an argumentative essay, students. Statement? Do not assume that a good quotation will do all the work you want by itself. Poor essays are often merely a patchwork of quotations stitched together by the briefest of an argumentative, comments, and define essay, it is a mistake to leave quotations hanging in mid-air, as it were, without comment or explanation. Quotations need to be framed. They should be introduced, not mechanically, but within a context provided by the logical development of your argument . ( See Example 1 at the end of an argumentative, this guide). You should also provide some commentary on the quotations, particularly if they include difficult and/or controversial ideas or material.

This is creative genres, often likely to be the case as there is how do we write an argumentative, really little point in including 'bland' quotations in your essay. You may want to gloss, explain, qualify or modify the compare and contrast, quoted words, or you may have included quotations whose assumptions or arguments you strongly disagree with. The latter case can be useful, if handled well. Often an argument can be developed through contrast with opposing or differing arguments. This tactic in an argumentative essay construction also displays independent thinking in creative writing in four genres that it demonstrates that you have not unthinkingly accepted and believed everything you have read.

One final point on quotations: do not plagiarise . Using other people's work without saying so is a serious crime. Tutors have read widely on the subjects you will be writing on essay and are very likely to recognise when you are plagiarising. If you use other people's ideas and words they have to be acknowledged through proper footnoting and referencing . ( See Example 2 at the end of this guide). Essays need a conclusion , which for the sake of clarity should be relatively short. It is essay, generally best not to include new ideas or new material in your concluding comments, particularly since many people think that a conclusion should be a summary of the prior arguments. How Do We Write An Argumentative? You may, however, point to alternative conclusions or arguments, or briefly suggest areas of and contrast, interest that have not been dealt with directly by the essay. People often get the wrong idea about conclusions and believe that this is the place to state firm convictions, and that a conclusion has to make a stand and come down on the side of one argument or another. This can be the case but it is not necessarily so. If an essay title comes in the form of a question, for example 'Is James Joyce seeking to distance himself from traditional forms of Irish culture?', and you cannot decide, do not think that this is a problem.

It is as much a sign of intelligence to an argumentative essay, state that you cannot decide as it is to sift through the evidence and decide one way or the crossroads creative writing in four genres, other. How Do We Write Essay? Think about why you cannot decide. Perhaps the evidence is conflicting. Perhaps the literary text and its use of imagery is might, ambiguous, or even contradictory; as is often the how do we write an argumentative essay, case. If you cannot decide, then say so, outlining why you cannot decide.

Alternatively, you may partly agree or partly disagree with the statements or questions raised by the title , or by questions raised directly in responding to the title. If so, say so. Compare And Contrast Daisy And Myrtle? A forced conclusion to an essay can be as bad as the essay having no concluding remarks at all. In connection to the last point it should be emphasised that any essay should be about your ideas and your interpretation of the literature being studied . Of course your ideas may, and indeed should, develop through discussions with friends, fellow students, tutors and through the consultation of books and articles, but it is your ideas which should form the how do an argumentative essay, basis of the essay. Whilst you will use material that is define essay, not your own, it is the way that you use, add to, adapt and modify this material that makes the argument your own and original. Your own voice should be heard. This needs to be qualified by the understanding that there is essay, a particular form and style in compare daisy academic writing . This is we write an argumentative, generally formal, analytical , and 'serious' rather than colloquial, emotional and conversational . Your voice and your ideas need to be heard, but be careful of might, cultivating an we write, overly idiosyncratic, 'individual' style. Remember that in writing you are communicating and that therefore your argument should be clearly expressed. Compare Essay? This does not mean you should be simplistic: it is a very important skill to express complex ideas with clarity.

One final point needs to how do an argumentative, be made on the subject of the essays you write being about your ideas. Some of you may find this an extraordinary statement but it is a bad idea to tailor and statement app, construct your essay around what you believe your tutor or the head of the course thinks about the text, and what you think she or he wants to hear. We Write An Argumentative Essay? If you have different methods or your interpretations differ from those of the control essays, tutor, then develop them happily. Remember that essay writing is all about presenting an how do an argumentative essay, argument and using evidence from the text and elsewhere to back up your statements, and if you do this well you will be given credit for it whether or not the tutor agrees with the birth control, overall argument. It is how do an argumentative essay, not particularly interesting for and contrast daisy tutors to read in how do an argumentative essays only what they have said in compare and contrast and myrtle class, particularly if this is reproduced in a flat, unconvincing, and unconvinced manner. Of course you may agree and be persuaded by arguments and interpretations outlined in class but if you do not believe the arguments you reproduce in the essay it will be obvious and the tutor will wonder why you bothered to include them. You will write a better essay if you are focusing on an argumentative your own ideas, developed through discussion and reading, not least because you will be enthused by them.

Eventually your ideas will be thought through, outlines planned and re-planned, main points developed, written down on paper, then rewritten, and finally given to your tutor. Industrial? Nevertheless your work on the essay has not yet finished. Once the essay has been graded and returned it is we write, very important that you do not merely look at the grade you have received before putting it at the bottom of your files. Read through your tutor's comments carefully, and make sure you understand exactly why you have received the grade you have, even if you are happy with it. If you do not understand why, or you are not sure about your tutor's comments, then ask. If it is not possible to ask during class or you would prefer to talk privately go to your tutor during office hours, or make an appointment if these clash with other classes. Statement Prompt? Writing is a skill which has to how do we write an argumentative, be learnt and compare and contrast and myrtle essay, practised, it is an ongoing process and you will learn more each time. Follow up work once the essay has been returned is an important part of this process. Example 1: Using Quotations. The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie , shows how quotations can be used. How Do We Write Essay? Because the paper quotes from the novel extensively, page numbers are found within the main body of the text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have been provided in a footnote to crossroads, the first quotation.

Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. An Argumentative Essay? Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, within the dbq essay, main body of the paper, whilst the how do we write essay, longer quotation, without quotation marks, makes up an indented paragraph. Note that even when the writing by the author of the personal statement app, paper is combined with quotations from the novel and secondary sources the sentences are still grammatically correct and coherent. Jean Brodie is convinced of the rightness of her own power, and uses it in how do a frightening manner: 'Give me a girl at an impressionable age, and she is mine for life'. 1 This is Miss Brodie's adoption of the Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the child for birth control God, she moulds the child for her own ends. How Do We Write An Argumentative Essay? 'You are mine,' she says, '. of my stamp and cut . ' (129).

When Sandy, her most perceptive pupil, sees the 'Brodie set' 'as a body with Miss Brodie for the head' (36), there is, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with the Church as the body of compare daisy essay, Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie's rival, and we write an argumentative essay, this is demonstrated in a literal way when one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and is preparing herself for confirmation. Compare And Contrast Daisy? She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie's influence and decides to go on the Modern side in the Senior school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference for the Classical. Eunice refuses to continue her role as the group's jester, or to we write an argumentative essay, go with them to the ballet. Cunningly, her tutor tries to regain control by playing on her religious convictions: All that term she tried to inspire Eunice to become at least a pioneer missionary in some deadly and dangerous zone of the earth, for it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that any of her girls should grow up not largely dedicated to economic, some vocation. How Do An Argumentative? 'You will end up as a Girl Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine', she said warningly to daisy and myrtle, Eunice, who was in fact secretly attracted to this idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81) Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to how do essay, be a 'great lover' (146), and her tutor audaciously absolves her from the sins this will entail: 'she is above the moral code, it does not apply to her' (146).

This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls' judgement of Miss Brodie's actions. The above passage is taken from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7. Example 2: Laying out a bibliography. The bibliography will usually include the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay , even if you have not referred to or quoted from personal statement prompt common, them directly. The order is alphabetical and how do we write, determined by the authors' names. Book titles appear in italics or are underlined , whilst article titles appear in inverted commas. When referring to books you should include the author's name, place of publication, the publisher, and the date when the define essay, book was published. To reference the source of an article from a journal include the name of the how do we write essay, journal, the number and/or volume number, the date of birth essays, publication and the page numbers. There are several styles for we write an argumentative laying out a bibliography, but the same elements appear in each, and you must be consistent.

Consult the handbooks to be found in the libraries for further details. This is a model used by many British universities and publishers. Dahlgren, Pete, Television and the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995) Dubois, Ellen, 'Antipodean Feminism', New Left Review , no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33. Fussel, Paul, The Great War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975) Gledhill, Christine, 'Melodrama', in statement prompt app The Cinema Book , ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84.

Lodge, David, 'The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie ' in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44. Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993) This is the model recommended by the Modern Languages Association (MLA) and how do, is used by most American universities and publishers. Dahlgren, Pete. Television and the Public Sphere . London: Sage Publishers, 1995. Dubois, Ellen. Antipodean Feminism. New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33. Fussel, Paul.

The Great War and Modern Memory . Birth Essays? Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975. Gledhill, Christine. Melodrama in The Cinema Book . Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84. Lodge, David. The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie in David Lodge The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism . London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44.

Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993. The essential information provided by an argumentative, each model is given in the same order, but they differ in define essay the way that the details are presented. Whichever model you choose or are instructed to use ensure that you stay consistent to it. Consult reference works for further advice. These books are on the open shelves: · John Clanchy and Brigid Ballard, How to how do we write, Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992) · Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of define essay, Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)

1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All further references are to this edition and given in the text. 2 David Lodge, 'The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie ', in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.

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They are all here, at firm “X”, to become future investment bankers and operation analysts. Not me. I am temping this summer, here at firm “X”, in hopes of earning good money, saving what I can of it, and living on birth essays a taut budget while I complete my first year of how do we write an argumentative essay Graduate studies at NYU. Define Essay! I am not interested in how do we write pursuing a career in banking or politics. Both of these professions/disciplines are of interest to me, mostly because they seem to directly affect me in one way or another. Economic Essay! I lack the technological intelligence and patience both require to maintain a successful career. The money would be great, I know, but I have a passion for something unrelated: Musical Theatre, more specifically, Musical Theatre Writing. Yes, I am the brain child of a golden bohemia, a once fading art form that is now making its come back to popular culture. To claim this passion of mine was not fostered while pursuing my undergraduate degree would be false. Higher education has opened doors for me in ways I never thought conceivable. How Do Essay! I was raised in statement prompt common app Florida, born into a lower-middle class family.

My parents, both of whom never completed college, worked diligently to how do essay, ensure our survival. I know both my mother and father have always wanted to finish their incomplete degrees but never did, mostly because of struggling finances, the unceasing acquirement of multiple jobs, and define essay, the responsibility of children. They lost themselves to young love at a young age and how do, the old belief of might beginning a marriage and starting a family seemed more appealing, though my grandparents discouraged their decision. When I turned seventeen, the same age they were when they were choosing china patterns, the question of whether or not I was going to college was, in fact, never a real question (wisdom, like my parents, grew ripe with age). I enjoyed school and didn’t argue with mom or dad when they said, “You’re going to college. You’ll make money and you’ll live comfortably. Then we can live comfortably.” I took this proclamation lightly but failed to understand the we write an argumentative essay, severity of its meaning. College is important to most families, particularly to creative in four, those who have modest resources.

For these families, college can be considered the how do an argumentative essay, gateway to success, good fortune, and a fulfilling life. But is this really true? Not for creative genres all but, through personal experiences with many of my peers, it has proved factual. How Do An Argumentative Essay! I suppose the polemic is this: why has interest in university declined, not among the essay, youth of contemporary culture, but in matters of we write an argumentative politics and domestic policy? The variety of answers in and contrast and myrtle essay response to this question is largely reflected in the attitudes and beliefs of the American people.

The most recent example is the democratic debates, hosted by on CNN. We Write! Many questions presented, widely from college aged individuals, were focused on war, taxes, and other domestic based issues. Define Essay! Not having viewed the entire debate, I am hesitant to claim education was not discussed but, assuming that I am correct, I feel a surge of disappointment. I would have liked to have asked what the next potential future president planned to do about the kinks in the “No Child Left behind Act” or the country-wide increase of college tuition. Having said this, I do believe the nation scrutinizes the university system in various ways.

Three of the largest factors that seem to be affecting Americans opinions of how do university are economics, privilege, and current affairs. All of these factors, alone and combined, create a chain of statement prompt “cause and affect” which influence large and/or gradual changes in the viewpoints of many Americans. I was not alive in the 1960’s, but I know that period in history was turbulent and inspiring. Politics were personal, protested or championed by we write varying college-going individuals. Less and less, anti-anything is being protested by the current college bound population. Revolution! In defense of the present generation, public perception, interest and focus has altered. As terrible as this sounds, my generation would be inclined to challenge the loss of the internet, cell phones, ipods, and the cancellation of “The Simple Life goes to Camp”. This accessibility to novel commercialism has changed the structure of the we write essay, university system.

Not only are students more isolated from making personal connections with the world at large, or their own professors for that matter, but students are also more aware of the importance of socioeconomic status among their peers, parents/guardians, employers, etc. Unfortunately, money makes the world go round. The increase of technological awareness/development has driven the already large class and economic divide further apart. This in itself has made college almost an economic, unattainable goal for many of America’s youth. Yes, if one works hard, wins scholarships, and how do we write an argumentative essay, makes the necessary loans, than college becomes a likely definite, but at the end of the four or more years, thousands of dollars will gradually be forked over (the sum of which could be likened to a mortgage on compare and myrtle a house). No amount of consolidation will make that sum appear to be less.

In retrospect, every penny was worth it, but the amount was enough to make me physically sick after leaving my senior exit meeting with my financial aid counselor. But what potential students need to remember is how do that a lack of money shouldn’t stop him or her from pursuing an revolution, education; money, though a very useful tool, is an argumentative not everything. Economic status, particularly in this country, leaves many families playing the card of privilege, not just the wealthy but the poor and middle class as well. The term “privilege” is broad. Statement Common! Many Americans are privileged in one way or another. How Do! An American woman is unprivileged and privileged because she is a minority, possibly being aided by affirmative action and nationwide compliance of equal opportunity laws (An idealistic observation? Maybe, but theoretically true).

I give a proverbial head nod to two professors I studied under as an undergraduate, Deb Light and J.W. Dbq Essay Industrial! Wiley, for teaching me to “own up to my privilege”. I have learned that not many people my age appreciate the essay, privileges they have been given in life. I have known families who have been able to ensure the continuation of their children’s education simply because of privilege and the financial wealth that has come with it; not because the child was an exceptional student or interested in pursuing higher education. The circumstances that determine the reasons why a student chooses to go to college influences the birth control, culture they continue and create, hence enduring the cycle of ever changing passions and pursuits of the modern college student. No dramatic changes have taken place in the psyche of human beings throughout the an argumentative essay, years; only in their environments. Those who truly go to college to get an education will get one. Crossroads Writing! Instead of asking, “What’s the matter with college?” one should ask, “What’s the matter with this country?” Sitting in how do essay my apartment for hours amid common undergraduate items like scattered socks, old textbooks, an unhung clock and an overdue change-of-address form, frequently googling, facebooking, myspace’ing, and might essay, wikipedia’ing, I wonder how anyone can pose the question “Is the we write an argumentative, college experience less critical to the nation than it was a generation ago?” without its comprehensibility sucking the conviction right out of the question. Dbq Essay Revolution! The advent of technology and the exponential increase in ideological marketing dilute the originality and space for we write essay critical thought that is the essence of crossroads genres college life.

Politicians and special interests make issues that are just as tumultuous today as they were thirty years ago, seem as distant from college life as college life is an argumentative from the real world. The most overbearing example of a shift in not just interest, but true concern, in essay social issues is the mere fact that although we are engaged in a costly war for dubious reasons, our friends and family are not being swallowed up into the military as they were during the Vietnam War. College students didn’t fear for themselves, and a volunteer soldier’s life is no less valuable than one drafted, but the essay, fact remains that military service today is of one’s own volition and not (on the surface, at least) a class-based stamp of define essay death. The lack of a draft seriously insulates young peoples’ interest in politics since, without their lives potentially tied to a war as it would be with a draft, not only the war issue but the how do we write an argumentative essay, issues surrounding it become obscure “adulty” talk that’s a real buzzkill when you’re trying to get the night record for a keg stand. And really, who can blame us? Without direct reprisal for our apathy, we’ll party like every generation before us would have. Birth Essays! Blissful ignorance.

Blissful because we don’t care to how do we write essay, understand political ripple-effects like diminishing social security or the sense of altruism tied to stopping hate crimes or genocide in Darfur. This relegation of define essay political and social issues to relative obscurity in the college campus is in no small part due to Rick Perlstein’s example of the “market-based approach.” Schools rightly want to we write, tout their academic prestige, drawing the define essay, best suited prospective students to their departments in categorically American fashion. We Write! I played a role in define essay this myself; treating the diverse social scene as an ancillary benefit and how do an argumentative essay, applying to Michigan State University for its renowned journalism program. Luckily I’ve learned to appreciate a lot more in my time as an undergraduate than my classes, if not losing a bit of my GPA in the process. Still, I’ve known a nauseating number of young scholars who attend a particular college solely on daisy and myrtle the basis of its merit in their desired field, and how do we write an argumentative, see their time at birth control essays, college as nothing more than a stepping stone between graduating high school and landing a six-figure job as a lawyer, banker, or some other monotonous, BMW-rearing occupation. They’re easy to spot, frequently regurgitating the same line, which is an absolute giveaway: “I don’t understand why I have to take electives outside of an argumentative essay my major.” This tunnel vision is the result of prevailing capitalist culture outfoxing the essay, annuities of time spent critically thinking about basic societal presumptions, not excluding the question “what’s so great about money?” To say that the essay, marketing is the sole work of the university, however, vastly undercuts the scope from which apathetic student lifestyles are manifested.

Ideological marketing to college students has been a lucrative enterprise not just for in four colleges themselves, but for everyone from the President on down. Although it’s true that activism is on the rise (, this very fact may be a moot point considering the encroachment of we write special interests and the resulting impact of those values on student values. Every organization from the daisy essay, Young Republicans to PETA has their hand in the college cookie-jar, leaving one to ask, “If the an argumentative essay, issues are defined by economic might outside groups and not the university’s students, how genuine is how do we write essay this activism as a representation of the concerns of the student body? Furthermore, how genuine is the college experience?” College is appropriately known as the center for alternative viewpoints, but because of increased marketing in the past 30 years, coupled with the advent of communication technology, university life is revolution increasingly susceptible to running out of its own ideas: the very essence of what makes a proud university. If college movements are becoming just the sorts of corporate America students hate, of how do course they’ll make less of an impact. But as painful as it is to say, as one of the minority of college activists I know, I say you can’t blame the statement prompt common, undergrads. We are the product of our environment and, like everybody else, we follow our interests, no matter how unrefined or manipulated those interests might be. For the willful disinterest of the college student the blame rests significantly more on technology, which has largely obfuscated the we write essay, nature of and contrast daisy essay human interaction for the entire population, although tech-savvy teens are much more likely to latch onto the disconnected conversation that is e-mail, instant messaging, texting, wall posts, and picture comments. With a student body made up largely of unthreatened 20-year-olds convinced they should walk down the street not talking to anyone without an essay, electronic medium like their cell phone -or worse, Bluetooth schizophreniator- the jump from seeing people as a vacant abstraction to seeing ideas as vacant abstractions isn’t much of a leap. In fact, the former begets the latter.

College ideas are not only commercialized but also commodified, as evidenced by the corporate buyouts of student-developed social networking sites Myspace and Facebook. Unique, student-run tools to dbq essay industrial revolution, connect the college community are the root of what makes college the quintessential break from “normal” life that it is, but our increased inability to how do we write, remove ourselves from socially-saturating marketing, on define essay both the commercial and ideological level, makes the rebellious, assertive, introspective, creative, and idealistic college experience nothing more than the story our parents told us as children about we write an argumentative essay, walking to school uphill both ways. Something I wouldn’t mind if it meant a college experience that was more than a perpetual series of statement prompt billboards defining what I should care about. English? What Are You Going to an argumentative essay, Do With That? I’m sitting on the beach with a girl I’ve just met. She has the creative in four genres, new Harry Potter in her hand and she’s explaining to we write an argumentative, me how she just finished taking the MCATs. She’s going to be a doctor. The conversation was typical for newly acquainted college colleagues and the initial questions are banal: what’s my major?

I tell her. She becomes silent for economic a bit, and how do an argumentative essay, then says, “English. Statement Prompt App! I never understood why people who go to your school decide to study English.” I’ve heard this one before. Most who say it skip the formal rhetoric– that is, they’ve stopped asking me what I’m going to do with “that.” They get right to the point. Money. “You’re not going to we write essay, make any money,” exclaims a drunken MIT bioengineer.

We’re sitting on the porch outside my house. Birth Control Essays! She’s interning at Merck with a good friend of mine. How Do An Argumentative Essay! They’re dating. Essay! “I was offered a job at Goldman Sachs. How Do Essay! I had sex with someone who works there!” It’s hard to writing in four genres, believe someone would be so blunt, but it’s true. I’m struggling to essay, tell you why college matters. Maybe it’s because I haven’t lived long enough yet to compare and contrast daisy, see that it does. Maybe the meaning will come years after I’ve graduated. Going in, I thought college would be what my parents, the baby boomers, told me it would be: a carefree, intellectually-stimulating hub where I would somehow “find myself.” That is, I would find what drives me. Sometimes college is those things, but more often it’s not. But what rings inside my head now is louder than that girl from MIT. It’s what keeps me up at night– the fear that what I chose to do here will limit what I can do in the future.

Isn’t this the opposite we write, of what college should be? Part of why I feel this way is industrial because the word “education” has been bastardized. College is less and how do we write an argumentative essay, less a place to become educated and dbq essay industrial revolution, more a place to become trained for how do an argumentative essay the job market. In the past, I’ve heard, college was that “bucolic” wonderland where the fledgling intellectuals flocked to compare and contrast daisy, develop culture. How Do We Write An Argumentative Essay! More recently, it was a place where doors opened to the job market just because you went. Define Essay! College was not trade school because it didn’t need to be. Yet now, the business and the pre-med majors look down on the liberal arts majors even while they admit they’re not being educated. The pillars of education now hold up the soldiers of pre-professionalism (“Look at how prestigious our business school is.

Look at how many students get recruited.”) and the kids who came to college to be “college educated” are thinking “why the hell am I here?” Almost every one of us finds ourselves trudging through our extra-curriculars not for pleasure or growth, but for flourishes on our resumes. How Do We Write An Argumentative! Our passions are being denuded to compete for the promise of the define essay, “great job,” and in how do an argumentative many cases, (gasp) the almighty dollar. The heart’s been misplaced because the question has become not if we’ll get a job, but rather what job, and how respectable a job. My friend Kyle holds an executive position on a University service group and he’s led two groups of students to impoverished urban areas to build houses over spring break. But when I ask him about the impact of his work, the best he can tell me is how it will appear on his graduate applications. “Look, he tells me, do you know how competitive law school is?” While Kyle is doing some great stuff, it doesn’t take Immanuel Kant to define essay, say that there’s something amiss about the how do we write an argumentative essay, morality of his efforts. Personal Common! Another friend, a finance major, was caught cheating on his final college exam. Essay! He was upset, and for good reason–a classmate ratted him out.

Not only was he worried about graduating, he was worried about losing his job offer. Revolution! He felt that the University wasn’t hearing him when he told them that everyone else cheated in the class. An Argumentative Essay! He said the blame wasn’t all his. In Four Genres! The punishment was that he had to retake the course in order to graduate. Essay! And as far as I know, he’s since passed the compare and contrast daisy and myrtle essay, course and is well on his way to a six-figure salary. But what I never heard him say was that he was sorry for how do we write an argumentative breaching academic integrity. What does the diploma matter if the person who holds it doesn’t have love for the education that came with it? I was explaining my fear to industrial revolution, my friend Emily last night. I was talking about we write an argumentative, close readings. “The great thing about English,” I said, “is that you’re rewarded for your ideas. Crossroads Writing! You’re rewarded for how intimately you’ve come to know something and interpret it.

It’s powerful.” “But the fear,” I said, “is that no one else cares, no one that matters in the real world. We Write An Argumentative! I’ve written this paper–maybe its fifteen pages on the use of trees in Vietnam War fiction–and I’ve made a point about it that no one else has ever made. But I won’t get a job with it. I haven’t taken Marketing 305.” Emily nodded. She understood. Define Essay! She’s an English major at Harvard. How Do! But she told me that now she wants an MBA.

She wants to be in charge. I’m wondering now if the fear that keeps me up at night is the same fear that drives the define essay, rest of us to seek “success.” It’s not a shallow fear, it’s a fear that the doors are closing for us, that there’s too many of us college students out there, that everything great has already been done and we write an argumentative, therefore all the interesting jobs have been filled and all picket-fenced houses have been bought. It’s the fear that the American Dream will pass us by. So (dare I say it?), I don’t think it’s just the compare daisy essay, money that drives us, it’s fear as well, and an argumentative essay, maybe that’s why a great deal of us have picked the pre-professional route. Deep down I think we all know our hearts lie on loftier things than mere job security. I just think that many of us are confused about economic essay, our values or how to live up to them. I’d like to think that even the business majors wanted to how do we write, write great works of dbq essay fiction as kids. So perhaps it’s this fear that has made college less critical than it was years ago. Maybe college isn’t the place where we’re allowed to find and develop our educational passions anymore, and it will take us five or ten years to wake up, to stop being afraid and to really go after our dreams, whether it’s as a writer or architect. And even writing this, I could even be wrong about what I want. I may want to be a lawyer and I don’t know it yet.

But for now, for us young adults currently in college, who came here to nurture our souls, to how do we write an argumentative essay, live deeply and fully and genres, not for middle-aged years, we’re already balding over it. It was a cheerful spring day, and I was a cheerful admitted student, enjoying the switch from being judged, to passing judgment. Having been deferred in November, I strolled around the University of Chicago admitted student reception piling pastries on my plate, enjoying the an argumentative essay, sweet taste of crossroads genres acceptance. Soon after the reception they herded us into another well-embellished room for a question and answer session. As I listened I swelled with pride, thrilled to be surrounded by the quirky, curious minds I hoped would inspire my own.

In the first several questions, forty waving hands demanded to know about their pre-med program, the internships they offered, and what GPA was necessary for essay some award or another. Amidst the personal app, furious scribbling, I detached from my long-harbored dreams and how do an argumentative, wondered what I had wished for in the first place. Now, I am a rising junior at dbq essay, a small liberal arts school, which won me over entirely with its student body. How Do We Write! The campus seemed free of the competitive, suffocating air that filled the Q#038;A. Students genuinely appeared to be invested in searching for personal prompt app and improving upon themselves rather than viciously trying to an argumentative essay, one-up each other for trophies to add to their resumes. While ordinarily I might happily report that in the last several years my school has edged up the rankings in the annual college U.S.

News #038; World Report, to use market speak: the essay, value added to my degree from the increased ranking is how do an argumentative outweighed by the consequent depletion of prompt app interesting future students, who are quickly being replaced by more competitive “organization kids.” Both alumni and current students have fought the how do, administration’s efforts to homogenize incoming classes without success. This leads directly, I believe, to the true heart of the problem. Students are no less intellectual, curious, or interesting than they were in the 1960s and 70s when they stormed the streets, raised hell, and caused parents and politicians alike to grind their teeth in bed. Birth Control Essays! The real culprit is the how do essay, increasing, nearly unachievable admissions standards set by top tier schools. To be admitted to a school like University of Chicago, or any of its peer institutions, a student essentially has to be an “organization kid.” I’m tempted to resent the upcoming freshman for infiltrating what was a creative, open-minded community.

Then, I recall that my class was similarly ill-received by older students and the freshmen become hard to blame. With such rigorous admissions processes, genuinely interesting and interested students are basically forced into the organized majority if they want to attend the most competitive schools. While college admission accounts largely for the diminishing midnight debates in crowded college dorms, it doesn’t tell the whole story. Unlike the youth of the 60s and 70s, my generation lacks a defining struggle. This is not to say that our country is not at war, the facts, of course, stand strongly to the contrary.

However, unlike wars of the past, the effects of this war on the home front are almost entirely unfelt except for the media coverage. For the control essays, fortunate many who don’t know anyone serving in Iraq, this war is happening somewhere else, against a constantly changing, intangible enemy. There is no draft. There are no demands for material sacrifices. Although it may be discouraging, it is hardly surprising that few campuses are up in arms over a war that the general population would hardly be aware of if they didn’t watch the news. As disconnected as many students are from how do we write, our engagements abroad, compared to our predecessors, we hardly have a culture war at home. My generation has no banned books and no forbidden music. The most oppressive law most students face is the birth control essays, drinking age, a law which has been broken since 1920. Essay! While an infinite amount of define essay societal ills still stand to be corrected, we have little to rebel against. Our parents don’t stop us from pursuing our interests; in fact, they encourage us to do so at an incredibly early age. When you consider the big three, our parents embraced rock #038; roll, tried drugs some of us haven’t even heard of, and forced books with funny pictures on an argumentative essay us to might essay, begin our sexual educations before we were old enough to read.

Yes, for some this might be an exaggeration but undoubtedly our parents and society afford our generation more freedoms than our parents ever dreamt of how do an argumentative before they escaped to college. And so, inevitably, the gap between childhood and in four, college has decreased. That said, the gap between college and the real-world has never been so expansive. Students are not the only group that has changed due to increased competition; colleges must compete with one another for applicants to boost those beloved selectivity ratings, the popularity contest used to an argumentative essay, determine the value of a degree. As colleges work to gain a competitive edge with students, and more importantly with their parents, they become more student-friendly, or according to some, more juvenile.

On a typical college tour, parents and their offspring will hear about the school’s strong academic support systems, their caring advisors, the RA who will live in define essay their dorm and serve as a surrogate parent, the student counselors and advisors who will be on every floor in case a student needs any kind of help–the changes alumni may note when they visit their alma-maters are no accident. Colleges, especially the how do, smaller schools, strive to hand-hold. This year an alumnus of my college returned to teach two whirlwind courses on and contrast daisy and myrtle essay jazz and the art of criticism and we write an argumentative, I was fortunate enough to be his student. After our final class, I guided him to a meeting across campus and on the way he recounted stories from his college days. His memories sounded more like tall tales than genuine recollections of four years at creative, my college: swearing at the college President when he refused to give an honorary degree to Louis Armstrong, all day sit-ins on the field while desks sat empty. His stories force me to concede that the college experience is certainly different now than it was twenty or thirty years ago. But while nostalgia may tug our heart strings, the differences don’t necessitate despair.

Activism hasn’t become extinct, it’s become smarter. Given the market-oriented world my generation has grown up in it is no surprise that we’ve learned money listens to how do we write an argumentative, money. I’m confident any environmentalist could give you one thousand reasons our earth is worth saving but she also knows that if you want a company to go green, passionate, incensed speeches won’t go nearly as far as financial incentives. Fewer students may be thrown in jail from protests, but more students are involved in micro-financing. We may not be able to call up famous musicians and persuade them to define essay, play impromptu concerts but we can keep our favorite artists in our pockets and listen to them at any moment. True, college communities are less contentious than they once were and are no longer the hip breeding ground for youthful counterculture; but, college and its students have only naturally evolved with society and competition and how do we write, that doesn’t have to be a bad thing. As the poet prophet of all college generations wrote, “the times they are-a-changin’.” College Still Matters, But the Stereotypical Experience Matters Less. As I was finishing dinner last week, ABC’s Jeopardy was playing in the background of my apartment.

A few glances at the television and it became clear to me that the control, contestants were all bright, knowledgeable, and under thirty years old. During the interview portion of the program, it also became apparent that all three competitors had either undergraduate degrees or higher. One could argue that participation in essay the show is highly selective (and one would be correct), but irregardless of this fact, there were two significant conclusions to draw from this one experience. First was that a lot of Americans have college degrees these days, and second was that television programs exist from which people of any age can learn about the world, its people, and how they interact. Compare And Contrast Daisy Essay! Expanding on the latter concept, the media has extended its reach throughout the nation, into its homes, living rooms, and computers.

These two conclusions will shed some light on how do an argumentative the debate regarding the worth of college life and essay, the degradation of the “college experience” in this current modern age. Author Rick Perlstein describes the how do essay, noticeable difference in the atmosphere around college campuses today when compared to birth essays, the late 1960s and ’70s. How Do We Write! He saw a more professional environment with less passion for pure knowledge and with students often driven by set goals. Moreover, the culture of the nation no longer rests upon the events at college campuses. The first reasonable response to this discovery is that colleges may have simply have been central role during the previous era because they were a kind of might new fad. Following World War II and how do an argumentative essay, the prosperity it brought, many Americans had both the familial stability and money to support college attendance. As a result, attendance grew, and “college” took on a role it previously lacked – it came to define the and contrast daisy, times. An Argumentative Essay! Additionally, amidst the control, turbulence of the ’60s, college campuses became a melting pot for new ideas, practices and lifestyles.

Such is analogous to the technological era that that exists today and how do an argumentative, the internet as a “place” to sustain it. As “old news,” it is birth control essays understandable why colleges are less pivotal in we write an argumentative defining the country now. A secondary approach to this issue rests upon the fact that more people attend colleges and universities than in the past. Define Essay! According to the U.S. Census bureau, more than 14 million Americans attend over 1,700 colleges every year. This number includes those of all ages and backgrounds. Indeed, there are fewer restrictions placed on admissions now, and the merits of how do essay obtaining an undergraduate degree have been well understood. Together, these factors signal change in what Perlstein would probably consider ideal. Prompt! Many professional areas expect a college degree because more people have one than they ever did before and the overall level of competition has increased within any given field. Correspondingly, the undergraduate degree has become devalued. We Write! (We could even speculate that a doctorate has become devalued, but that is another story).

If we consider the near requisite of a college degree for industrial revolution success and its resultant devaluation, it becomes evident that perhaps many students generally are not in attendance at how do essay, colleges to gain the and contrast and myrtle, kind of Socratic appreciation for the world that students of the ’60s may have sought. It may be an we write an argumentative, indication of compare daisy their own ambition or their parents’ encouragement, but students may merely be out to get a degree and head to the workforce. They could be less interested in how do essay the thirst for knowledge or art that Perlstein and others perceive as the college experience. Crossroads! It would seem there is considerably less emphasis put on the mysticism of youth and experimentation, the grooviness of the times, the growth of an argumentative artistic talents, and the zeal of define essay fighting social norms. There simply is not enough time for all that these days. Whatever time not devoted to studying or other academic, social, or familial obligations is reserved for, well, partying.

But the how do we write essay, catch is define essay that the social obligations, and the parties, have been culturally defined predominantly by the nation’s media. College students have been enjoying sports, learning new hobbies, drinking, having sex, or using drugs for a long time; little has changed in any of these facets. However, the way these occur is no longer the talk of the how do an argumentative, town, and economic might essay, that is because a) they are not only happening on college campuses and b) the media has already exposed them. There is we write an argumentative nothing new a college campus has to compare and contrast and myrtle, offer that the public does not already know about, and there is how do essay no new defining characteristic that will change the country. The only real impact a college can have on the nation and its people will be that which its graduates produce as future leaders. Adding to the topic of the media, I found it odd that it is not until the final remarks of his essay that Perlstein really addresses the “internet era.” The advent of instant information, e.g. streaming audio and video, and its effect on pop culture is the most compelling reason for the change in college life. College after high school is no longer a place to leave home and learn about the world. Young people can do that anytime they want now by birth essays visiting a chat room on the other side of the world or spending a few hours watching “YouTube” videos.

Such an escape is not difficult to how do essay, find since the internet era erupted in the late ’90s. Still, we should not limit the growth of media to just the internet. Television, radio, and magazines have all increased in their availability and spread. Economic! A dozen ESPN networks air sports from an argumentative, around the creative in four genres, world; several MTV stations feature the world as teens see it. The fact of the an argumentative, matter is define essay that young people today have much less to gain culturally, relatively, than their counterparts a generation ago did by leaving home to spend years on how do we write an argumentative a college campus. Students now know so much before even entering the undergraduate world that there is much less of a shock, and many fewer noticeable effects of new freedoms. College seems to serve now as a means to get the certificate, transform into an adult by age, and crossroads creative in four genres, have some fun along the way.

The notion that college life now should be continuously flooded with new ideas, experimental music, art, drugs, riots and how do, debauchery is a false ideal. As a recent college graduate, I would be false to deny that any of these things still happen, but the picture Perlstein seems to paint of dbq essay college life in the ’60s is much too reminiscent of what I hear Woodstock was like. And to how do we write, be fair, colleges now seem to favor increased structure and statement prompt app, less individualism, comparably. Both the value of a college degree and how do, the goal of college entrance are different now in the minds of economic might young students (and their parents). How Do Essay! So it appears that society as whole in America is nothing like what it was back during the time Perlstein reminisces about. The students attending college and creative, the society within which they function are simply less interested in achieving and an argumentative, documenting this idyllic, enchanted, almost legendary “college experience.” It was forty years ago these days that Sergeant Pepper told the band to play, Martin Luther King, Jr., was marching against the Vietnam War, and all across the country on dbq essay industrial revolution the hallowed grounds of college institutions, students were gathering, discussing, and rising up together to challenge the we write, problems of their world. Personal Statement Prompt Common App! Now, in 2007, it apparently takes more than a losing war, an environmental crisis, worldwide poverty, and the impending downfall of western democracy to motivate students to strike up the band of protest and change.

What’s happened to colleges and the students within them? This query, posed to a seminar class, may only result in a few hesitant remarks, regurgitated ideas of parental pontifications from the most willing students. Then, as the students file out of class, wrapped up in their individual worries, the remnants of such a controversial, subjective question with no solid response vaporizes from most of their minds as they scurry off to take a test or a nap or some recreational drugs, like Ritalin or Pabst Blue Ribbon. How Do! Perhaps a few of the most philosophical beings will discuss it with their friends, but the most likely outcome of creative any discussion will be: “Well, what can we do about it?” In the mind’s eye, college is an expanse of picturesque grounds filled with America’s most promising eager to an argumentative, learn, grow, explore, and create. In reality, the universities of 2007 have become an eclectic limbo for the nation’s young adults. I stroll through a campus and observe the economic, students sporting Beatles shirts and shaggy hair, read the signs posted for community service trips and essay, environmental forums, buoying my confidence in the potential of this generation to generate change.

But my hopes and eardrums are soon pierced by a high-pitched, childlike voice. Turning to look for the source, I find it emanates from the throat of a 20-year-old woman. She is joined by several others with the same high frequency–a small sample of the compare and contrast daisy and myrtle, thousands of how do we write young women seemingly afflicted with an airy, immature voice and demeanor. Sure, some people have naturally high voices, but it is very unlikely that a whole generation sounds like the personal statement common, Welch’s grape juice girl. Ignoring this phenomenon, I turn back to the bulletin board to observe more promising posters for how do an argumentative internships and daisy essay, concerts and see an old torn and rain-soaked sign with a deadline dated in 1998. How Do An Argumentative Essay! I chuckle to personal prompt, myself: “That sign is a couple of years old.” Then I shake my head in disbelief and realization: “Wait. A couple years? More like a decade. Strange….” For many of us, the millennium change must have screwed with our psyches; it still feels like the year 2000, with the nineties only a fog of hairspray and a slap of an elastic waistband away.

I was twelve years old in 2000–a year before teenage life, a year before September 11, an age of innocence, in a sense. I turn back to observe the an argumentative essay, group of girls and economic might, ponder; if we are psychologically stuck in the year 2000, that would explain so much. It is how do an argumentative not the college institution that has changed so dramatically (besides the industrial, ridiculous hikes in tuition); it is the students’ ideas, values, upbringings, and motivations that have altered. We, the current college population, are a generation of twelve year olds. At twelve or the surrounding ages, adulthood is a dream of power and an argumentative essay, perfection, not yet tainted with the personal statement common app, reality of responsibility and hardship. Young children pretend to be grown-ups while actually concerned with popularity and other middle school worries. The act continues still, on my college campus.

In the fluorescent light of day of the classroom, young men often put forth their best performances in the role of responsible men for the audience of how do essay adults; their voices take on essay an air of we write an argumentative essay composure as they spout proclamations and crossroads creative in four, ideas. On the we write an argumentative, weekends, however, fueled by guzzled alcohol, these men turn to lustful children, void of motor and decision-making skills. Dbq Essay Industrial Revolution! Poll these men on their biggest Achilles’ heel when it comes to studying, and video games will be toward the top. The collegiate women, stunted in we write essay their twelve-year-old world with their fake soprano voices, adore playing dress up. At my college, heels and pearls are the usual facade at football games or any given day. Like stereotypical 1950s housewives, they coo and compare and contrast daisy essay, cling to their dates, who are dressed immaculately in suits and ties. Perhaps Fitzgerald was right that all is ceaselessly borne back into we write an argumentative, the past, but that statement never scared me until I watched drunken June Cleavers reel about on my university campus. Subconsciously, these students are clinging to a time of innocence.

But their faux innocence has created ignorance–soon-to-be adults in denying their potentially important role in world events. Not all college students follow this mold–those aforementioned philosophical souls and Beatles fans may be attempting to arm themselves with much-needed knowledge and fresh ideas for the troubled world. Why haven’t they, however, been able to birth, rally support and motivation like their counterculture heroes of the how do we write essay, 1960s? For that generation, who grew up in the 1950s, it appears that the fear of nuclear proliferation and the promise of birth control suburbia mingled to give children the tools to truly treasure and enjoy childhood. Thus, the desire to escape the confines of claustrophobic conformity corresponded nicely with the end of childhood and the beginning of college.

Tired of hidden agendas and polite excuses, incensed by continued racism, afraid that the draft would claim a loved one next, that generation wanted the truth. Change was demanded. How Do An Argumentative Essay! The college students of the late 1960s and early 1970s stripped the veneer off the Vietnam War and Watergate like they stripped it off the sanitized floors of their childhood. They yearned for the natural and the true; they demanded just the facts, ma’am. Therefore, when they became parents in the 1980s, they wanted to be sure that their children had what they themselves had worked so hard for: truth. During that time of prosperity, the nation advanced in in four technology and innovation; television and the blooming internet would become daily bread for us, the children of the 80s and 90s. We Write An Argumentative! Twenty-four hour news networks began to relay all the facts. The educational system explored new techniques for teaching children with hands-on projects, real world scenarios, and team building activities, but somewhere along the line, it appears to have been decided that the goal of learning would be advancement to the next level of education. Define Essay! Tests–from preschool sink-or-float experiments to elementary school state tests to high school SAT, ACT, and AP exams–dominated learning. Our brains, from childhood, have been programmed to answer questions which have black and white answers.

No wonder a terribly high-proportionate number of people dislike reading; to lose oneself in how do essay a book means to revel in ambiguity. But so few of us were taught to enjoy ideas and philosophies and imagination. We were taught tools and tricks to fulfill our duty–the daily assignment preparing us to ace the next test for college admissions, which would enable us get a degree, thus getting us a job to turn us into successful (and, as the dream goes, rich) adults. As Vanderbilt student, Carolina Rocha pointed out, “All my life, I’ve had a definite goal. In middle school, I wanted to compare essay, get to high school, because that was supposed to we write an argumentative essay, be ‘the time of your life.’ When high school disappointed, it was all right, because I was working hard to get into college. I expected college to be amazing, a big change. But the people still seem like they’re in high school, and now I’ve lost motivation. Without a major, I don’t know what I’m even working for anymore.” To Carolina and many others, college seems like simply another stop, another limbo of four or so years before real life can truly begin. In childhood, we left out exploration, adventure, love of life, carpe diem, free will, or challenging the establishment; those of birth control us hoping to go to how do essay, college obeyed the rules and cut short our time to revel and dally, believing those silly actions could wait until college or beyond. The result of a fact-engorged generation growing up too fast? Immature, shallow individuals enthralled by the counterfeit world of reality television and undisturbed by essays corruption in the government or photographs of the dying in foreign countries.

Even those of us who have broken through the an argumentative essay, comforting seal of prosperity and protection to let in the harsh light of reality find ourselves at a loss as to how to go about changing their world for the better. And Contrast Essay! Faced with such large problems, we are jaded and cynical, protesting that little actions cannot make a difference. We do not have a lack of knowledge or motivation, not by any stretch of we write an argumentative our atrophied imaginations. We worked hard for essays our acceptance to universities, for which the admissions’ competition and standards increase every year. And once there, we have amazingly talented and how do, enthusiastic professors, and most have supportive parents at home. We cannot blame them, the revolutionary generation of the 1960s, for the predicament in which we are entrenched. They wanted only the compare and contrast and myrtle, best for us. An Argumentative Essay! They instilled in us the idea that the individual matters and industrial, can make a difference; then they pampered us with opportunities that they never had.

Only, we, unlike the Nick Carroways of previous generations, did not learn to an argumentative essay, appreciate the essay, importance of the gifts given to us–truth and freedom of how do an argumentative expression, among them. When we hit the define essay, year 2000 and we write an argumentative, beyond, we did not want to change. We were comfortable being selfish and having the answers to all the black and white questions life offered us. The fault lies within us, but so too, does the solution. Collectively, we can pool our resources: our childlike innocence, our valuable sources of facts, our motivation, our quick reactions, our logical problem-solving skills, our prosperity, our parents’ stories of their 1960s triumphs. We cannot wait for college graduation to bring clear-cut solutions; it will not. Economic! We’ve been waiting too long for a change that has not come. When Martin Luther King, Jr. said, “I have a dream,” he was not sitting around thinking how great it was if it came true–he was working for it.

I know that all of us have had secret dreams of rebellion and revolution–striking out on the road like in Kerouac or Easy Rider. But we did not dare to attempt these dreams for how do essay fear of adult rebuke, ruination of our perfectly planned life paths, or failure. Economic Might! My dear fellow generation of twelve year olds, dispel your fears–the failing world is how do we write thrusting itself into our hands whether we are ready for the adult responsibility or not, our “perfect” lives are disappointing shams, and I believe, if we attempt to begin a revolution, we will see in birth control the faces of our parents not disapproval, but nostalgia for the past and we write an argumentative, regained hope for the future. Do we need the draft or political assassinations to awake us from our false reality? It is possible to change the world; we have the facts and the ability. It will begin with small steps, small discussion groups, small movements, small protests, but they will bloom and spread like that mold in economic essay your empty dorm refrigerator. We Write Essay! In the words of the Beatles: “Try to realize it’s always been yourself no one else can make you change.

And to see you’re really only very small and life goes on…” We must discuss and compromise with each other, heal over the festering sore between the two political parties. We can try with a little help from our friends. Statement Prompt Common! Even if we do not achieve all our goals of world revolution, hopefully we can reinvigorate the college experience. College should once again become the life-changing place of our parents’ time, where new ideas spring forth not from the fermented alcohol soaking the dorms but from the an argumentative, minds brewing with the possibilities of negotiation, imagination, and solution. College should be a place where it feels right to let go childhood antics, but to not yet let go of the possibility that we can make childhood dreams come true. It is my firm and long-standing belief that the answer to the debate lies in the method with which I am submitting this very essay.

Computer technology has quickly and undoubtedly changed the face of personal statement college life, and in my opinion, not for the better. Why do we not hear the voices of our brightest and best? Because the brightest and we write essay, best are too busy wasting away in front of creative genres their computer screens, or chatting on their cell phones about how Bobby got drunk last night. The era of email and text messages has produced a generation of young minds who are too scared to say exactly what they mean, and furthermore, stand up for it. The era of email and text messages has allowed politicians to simply press the delete button, instead of trying to decide how to get through the masses of mail he or she is receiving in how do an argumentative protest.

The physical element has disappeared, and with it, the spirit of the fight. Without advances in technology, we would not have artificial light at the flip of personal common app a switch, or be able to travel to a new country in how do we write an argumentative essay mere hours. Birth Control! But what are we giving up in return? True geniuses of the past, such as Sir Isaac Newton or Copernicus, were masters of many fields- mathematics, physics, astrology, philosophy, economics, et cetera. Now, however, a college student is praised for how do we write an argumentative essay double majoring or having a high grade point average. We are allowing the work of compare and contrast essay our ancestors to ease our load.

And who is to stop us? Professors are doing just the same. Everyone is using time in how do we write an argumentative front of the computer that could be spent on furthering one’s knowledge. I refuse to blame the machine, but more so, the man who uses it. Crossroads Genres! A computer by itself is only a computer, but a computer with a person behind it is a distraction, a gateway for sin, a surface for plagiarism, and a playing field for how do we write failure. My best friend, Peter, almost dealt with collegiate defeat at the hands of, well, himself.

World of Warcraft, or W.O.W. as they call it, was his playing field. After a creative and liberal high school experience, Peter was more than primed for economic essay thinking like a college student of the past. However, he allowed his computer to sink him into a .80 grade point average, and nearly a dismissal from a certain Indianapolis-based, private university. The only reason he was allowed to stay, even after a second semester of below par performance, was simple- money. Personal waste of intelligence and potential aside, what about the broader scale? What about the politics, or the how do an argumentative essay, affairs of the world, or the price of gas, or even the price of the cafeteria food? Where has all the essay, fight gone? We no longer live in a world where face to face encounters are the way to get answers.

Now, we concede to emails with bold font and caps lock. Instead of standing strong and chaining yourself to a tree, it’s Earth Club once a month to talk about recycling on how do we write an argumentative essay campus. Instead of economic getting ten thousand signatures, it’s getting ten thousand email addresses. Call it whatever you would like, but it’s all the same, and it’s not moving anyone outside of the four club members who boosted paper recycling by how do we write thirteen percent. Kudos, but that is like comparing a band-aid to stitches. Sure, a band-aid can hold together some of the small cuts, but what about when the blood is essay gushing? The college experience is not less critical than it was once. In fact, it is more expected, and therefore, probably more critical than ever.

What it is not is more rewarding. The only finger that needs to be pointed here is at ourselves. I am sure a guidance counselor somewhere along the way has told you that “life is what you make it.” You know what, they were absolutely right, and I am guessing that World of Warcraft is not the answer to your gas price woes. Pass the Parcel: College, Knowledge, and the History Boys. RUDGE: You see, miss, I want to we write, do stuff I want to do.

This, I only wanted it because the others did. And my dad. Now I’ve got in, I just feel like telling the app, college to stuff it. -Alan Bennett’s The History Boys. The History Boys, Alan Bennett’s latest play, follows a group of students seeking to enter Oxford and Cambridge.

The students have a choice of two role models: Irwin, who tells them that history is how do an argumentative “a performance” and urges a kind of intellectually meaningless but interesting edginess that will pique the examiners’ interest, or Hector, who asks them merely to learn for the sake of personal statement prompt common knowledge, which he claims, in how do essay A.E. Housman’s words, “is precious whether or not it serves the slightest human use.” The fundamental question of the play is simple: which is more important, acceptance to Oxbridge or the pursuit of knowledge? Return, for the moment, to reality, America, and today. More and more students attend college every year. Statement App! Top tier schools, especially, receive more and how do we write, more applications–Harvard announces a new “record” application rate each year–but Perlstein is right; college students aren’t in the news, aren’t out birth essays, changing the world, aren’t the important issue for the nation. The problem isn’t that we have too few students going to college. The problem is that we have too many. Perlstein waxes lyrical about his fellow students from the past, all followers of Hector.

It would be easy to assume that those who today follow in his footsteps at the University of Chicago or the Ivy League would follow in his mindset as well–would value “useless” knowledge and all that goes along with it–but they do not, and many of them simply cannot. College is no longer a place for those who seek knowledge for its own sake, the how do an argumentative, very liberal arts which give these places their name. Instead, it’s simply the necessary, and often unwanted, requirement for any career worth having. The liberal arts aren’t the only place where necessity has replaced knowledge as the reason for college. I study computer science at Harvey Mudd College, the industrial revolution, best American engineering college, according to the much-vilified but still oft-referenced US News #038; World Report ranking. We Write! Mudd prides itself on, before anything else, producing well-rounded students, who besides being experts in their field of choice have experienced both a wide range of scientific disciplines and statement common app, a deep grounding in how do we write an argumentative essay the humanities, giving them, the mission statement says, “a clear understanding of the impact their work has on society.” That’s why I chose Mudd. There I could study literature and dbq essay, politics and music even if it, well, “didn’t serve the slightest human use,” without sacrificing the how do we write, technical education that I wanted to birth control essays, base my professional life on. I thought everyone there thought as I did.

And yet I hear a complaint, again and again, that still shocks me–“Why should I have to study this? Once I’m done with college and working, I’ll never need it.” Even at Mudd, many students aren’t there for how do we write an argumentative the beauty of what they’re learning. They simply need a diploma with a good name on it, because without it they don’t stand a chance of getting hired in statement prompt their fields. The worst part is that they’re not wrong. They do indeed need diplomas, and the more prestigious the essay, school, the dbq essay, better. If you don’t go to college, America reasons that you’re not worth hiring, and how do we write essay, that compared to those who do go, you’re a failure. No wonder college application rates are so high. But what does this do to the colleges? They end up filled with students who aren’t actually interested in the learning that is, after all, the point of college. Worse yet, the growing ranks of those who want in force colleges to dbq essay industrial, be more and an argumentative essay, more selective each year.

Perlstein complains about students who have spent high school doing nothing but studying for the SATs and compare and contrast daisy essay, padding their college resume, but the sad fact is how do an argumentative that is that’s exactly what is required. When Perlstein applied, the University of Chicago accepted more than 60% of students. Daisy And Myrtle! Today, it takes less than 40%. With the top colleges boasting tiny acceptance rates–Harvard accepted only 9% of applicants this year, and Columbia broke even that mark–the interesting and passionate students that make college what Perlstein experienced can’t afford to be interesting anymore. How Do An Argumentative Essay! If they don’t have 4.0 GPAs and and contrast daisy, near-perfect SATs, they can’t get in. Students have been left with Hobson’s choice, or maybe Bennett’s choice: we can be passionate, interesting people who care about how do essay, knowledge, or we can get into daisy and myrtle, college. Of course, some people do get lucky. Perlstein found several students who were exactly what he hoped to how do an argumentative, find: happy, smart, and passionate about a number of interests. I’m proud to say that most of my classmates–a decent number of whom are here at Mudd because they were rejected at birth, MIT or Caltech–fit this mold as well. We value all kinds of knowledge; science we plan to make a life from, practically unimportant but beautiful literature, meaningless but entertaining pop culture and music (Perlstein had jazz, the history boys had Rodgers and Hart, and I have Nirvana).

Sure, we’re not better people because we follow Hector, but I find that those who do are the people Perlstein is we write an argumentative looking for: politically active on and around campus, ready and willing to crossroads writing in four, make a difference. That’s what the how do an argumentative, liberal arts are; that’s what college is about. I don’t pity those who don’t want it, and I don’t want to change them. I just think they would be happier, and America would be better off, if they were somewhere other than college. Too many students have succumbed to Irwin’s sophistry, and are slogging through an experience they hate simply because they think they must. What it all comes down to is that someone needs to compare and contrast and myrtle essay, cowboy up by declaring that college isn’t for everyone, and we write an argumentative essay, that not wanting in doesn’t make you bad. It makes you different. Students need to stop putting up with college as a requirement. If you want the define essay, true liberal arts, if you want knowledge, go. Have fun, learn, and how do an argumentative essay, make campuses passionate for–well, anything. If not, don’t go!

Save the space for someone who wants it, a passionate individual, not a 4.0 and a 2400. The corporate world needs to accept that young, bright, ambitious people don’t always need degrees to be good employees. On the off chance we can pull that off, college can go back to being for wanting to know things, which Hector would like. After all, “wanting to know things” is dbq essay industrial revolution a gerund. He likes gerunds.

The Business of Brainpower Or, No Adolescent Left Behind. Alas… The days of burning draft cards and we write an argumentative essay, stinking of patchouli are officially over forever. Aside from the nostalgic contemporary hippie, we all may be better off without the latter. Yet, the very ideas that produced these radical acts were born in define essay the minds of young people in the strangest settings. Patches of land and historic buildings dedicated solely to how do we write an argumentative essay, the production and manipulation of all things intellectual. Personal Common App! Imagine – a serious institution literally powered by the brain energy of teenagers and “kids” in how do an argumentative essay their twenties. What could result in total chaos has now become a formal runway in crossroads creative writing in four genres which young adults receive an how do we write an argumentative, education that will launch them into their future endeavors. Maybe our parents stormed the gates of Woodstock naked (and are all too keen to tell us all about it) and felt that it was a personal experience only made possible by the growth that college afforded them. But today colleges are a business. The students are an might, example of how well the business runs, its flexibility, and how do an argumentative, of course, its finished product. Any highly successful student is a commodity.

The same goes for student organizations (can you honestly say you had ever heard of “Kyoto Now” before last year?) and athletics… The better they are, the better the university is. The better the university is, the more money it can bring in through alumni and – gasp here – the overly caffeinated, library bound students. If you are privileged enough to have the compare and contrast daisy and myrtle, opportunity to how do, go on college tours, eager students (who are especially talented at walking backwards) await to tell you every personal anecdote about why their school is numero uno. Writing! Brace yourself to be convinced that you should attend a school based upon six convenient Starbucks locations on campus and that eighties night at the campus bar is totally worth the midsemester breakdown you will experience at least twice. Perhaps this view of college paints a bleak and we write essay, unkind picture, but genuine as these tour guides may be, they are the dbq essay industrial, shop keepers of the we write an argumentative, university mall. A student will graduate totally enriched, but has purchased a specific product that may help them in and contrast and myrtle essay their future and has served as a piece of advertisement just as well. Let’s take a trip through the university mall… Got the bucks? Buy Prada.

Got the bucks and how do an argumentative, the brain power? Go to Princeton. Have an insatiable need to watch sports? Buy NFL season tickets. In Four! Want professional level sports and how do we write, statewide accessibility? Penn State might be for you.

While your parents’ diploma might be the crossroads in four, symbolic representation of both their academic certification and the time they spent finding themselves, today a diploma is like a permission slip to enter the how do, working world or better yet, a clothing label. And like every clothing company, universities are self serving businesses. At the university I attend, should a student request to see the university’s investments, they are restricted to view the book displaying the investments for only 15 minutes. Students are restricted from recording the investments or taking photos of the book. Crossroads In Four Genres! Can a university have the how do an argumentative, students best interest at heart when it lacks true transparency and essay, has money on the mind? This all creates a negative view of college today, when in fact, I am a true believer that universities are wonderfully productive places. Aside from the fact that universities have evolved into big businesses, what seems to be missing is the sense of how do we write an argumentative unity and solidarity that our parents shared with their fellow students and faculty. It seems like the issues our parents dealt with are very much resonant on campuses today. However, since we falsely believe that college is for and contrast daisy and myrtle essay everyone and even more ridiculously accessible to everyone, we overlook the we write essay, very racism and alienation that takes place on campuses today. Perhaps colleges lack political and social power because they do not succeed in confronting these issues on campus because students no longer believe these issues exist.

It seems that the format in which our parents dealt with these issues was more apparent. Today, we choose to overlook the very subtle issues on might essay campus that afford some students more privilege than others. How Do We Write Essay! In refusing to acknowledge and deal with these issues, the student body is not united and control essays, the university does not function with the same social fluidity as it once did. College has become a masked normalcy, as students are churned through campuses like a clothing factory. Penetrating issues are often overlooked in the bigger picture and we overlook our power to make a mark on a national scale when we accept the “degree factory” reality. In the 1960s, disillusioned young people found a vehicle of how do we write communication in institutions that were conscience of their constituency. Today, the truly disillusioned remain voiceless because it is all too often that “higher education” is just too high. College as Cafeteria: the Competetive Current.

If the and contrast daisy, collegiate world were a cafeteria, its smattering of outlets for student expression would be like my dining hall’s smorgasbord of breakfast cereals. While most students are quite content to eat the same cereal every day (I adhere to a strict diet of Cinnamon Toast Crunch), there certainly is an an argumentative, excess of options. So, too, do today’s students have the opportunity in their college careers to experiment in hundreds of activities in economic might essay order to define their interests. Yet, as Rick Perlstein, David Brooks, and others have pointed out, something sets our generation apart from the turbulent college campuses of the 1960s. Perlstein asks, “What’s the matter with college?” While I can not hope to accurately compare the college atmospheres of today and the 1960s, I can definitely give some insight into our current situation. Competition drives the entire adolescent experience. Students and we write, teachers scrutinize SAT scores, college plans are drawn out on giant flow charts, and students agonize for crossroads in four genres months over looming decision letters. The gap between high school and college continually shrinks.

College preparatory schools no longer simply prepare students for universities, they relentlessly teach towards Advanced Placement exams that allow the how do we write, students to skip parts of college altogether. Once in define essay the school of their choice, students face the same struggles that plague high schools, though in a bit subtler fashion. Brooks’ “The Organization Kid” essay laments the fact that college students are so overscheduled that they must even plan “free time”. The cafeteria selection of college activities tempts students whose eyes are bigger than their stomachs. We have four years to find out whether we like such varied activities as learning Chinese, playing the bagpipes, or joining the rowing team. Who can blame students for giving them a shot? Like a persistent mother at the dinner table, universities cajole us into thinking that we’ll never know whether we like something or not until we try it. I am certainly guilty of overindulging.

I find myself swamped with not only my primary focus (schoolwork), but also clubs, study sessions, and football games. How Do We Write An Argumentative Essay! When I get back to my room at the end of the day I sometimes hope for economic might essay a break, but I am usually driven forward by the fact that my peers are accomplishing even more. This is how do where the cynicism kicks in. Are we really volunteering, interning, organizing, protesting, triple-majoring, and taking seven courses per creative writing in four, semester for our own personal pleasure? It seems as if exploration and creativity for its own sake is gone; now our campuses are essentially proving grounds where students take on a huge amount of responsibility and work in we write an argumentative the hopes that it looks good on a resume. Technology also increases our ability to tell each other about our activities and accomplishments.

While former generations attempted to birth control, make the front page of the newspaper, today’s students try to see how many members they can recruit for their facebook group. Online applications allow us to post out photos of our excursions and proclaim to our classmates that we’ve been to 32 different countries. We have no problems creating contests out of how many books we’ve read, how many concerts we’ve been to, or how many trips we’ve been on. In response to the narrowing gap between college and how do, the rest of our lives, we are also no longer isolated from our former connections; high school friends who go to school hundreds of miles away remain in contact through free long distance and writing in four, instant messaging services. That “noisy, dissident minority” that Reagan mentions is an argumentative essay no longer a driving force on campus. Sure, we constantly are reminded of the need for a living wage and the end of wars, but nothing seems to compare to the dramatic protests of a generation ago. Perhaps it’s the overabundance of causes that produces a significant level of apathy on today’s campus. We pick up flyers and compare daisy and myrtle, read the sidewalk chalk, but if every week is an awareness week for some particular foundation, then our reaction grows relatively muted. So why does college matter?

This is hard to say, given that the seamless, almost disappearing, transitions between childhood and how do essay, college, and college and adulthood, are creating a collegiate experience that is fraught with both the crossroads creative writing, dependence on the family as well as the competitiveness of the working world. Nevertheless, there are still redeeming qualities to college and its function in how do essay society. It is still the preeminent institution in which young leaders can be trained and given the freedom to try what they like for four years without fear of repudiation. While I unfortunately agree with Mr. Brooks that being a college student can feel like being a cog in a machine that produces worker bees for the country, I still can not imagine any other place that offers the almost unlimited options afforded to its members. College offers those who want it the ability to delay the writing genres, real world in an almost utopian environment. Our radicalism is not quite the same, however.

A Daily Princetonian article by Matthew Gold suggests that today’s college students are more willing to work through the system to how do, do their protesting. Though the collegiate atmosphere of the 1960s appears to have been more extreme, Gold dismisses the compare and contrast, old protests in favor of how do an argumentative “tactics that [emphasize] cooperation, legitimate discourse and fundamentally democratic, instead of anarchic, principles.” He certainly has a point, but some of the zest of the birth essays, collegiate experience is lost if we simply abide by the rules and wait for how do voices to be heard. On the bright side, though, college is still a place of positively saturating academic and social euphoria. Friends still sit up late watching presidential debates and define essay, intriguing films after nights at concerts or parties. Classroom discussions still provoke thought, independence, and self-discovery. College’s problem may be its hyperactive competitiveness and its overscheduled students, but it’s not a bad problem to how do we write an argumentative, have. Maybe this essay is personal common more of an an argumentative essay, affirmation of the sentiments of David Brooks and Rick Perlstein – and I agree that the overscheduled nature of crossroads genres young adulthood is unnecessary. I wax nostalgic about the days when college meant unbridled independence, unlimited free time, and a relative lack of debilitating stress. An Argumentative Essay! Funnily enough, however, is the fact that I have never experienced that era. Dbq Essay Revolution! I have always been in a competitive environment, and I have continually been swept up in its current.

Yet I don’t fight back. Maybe the fact that I – and thousands more like me – am writing this essay is a testament to why colleges matter. Students are learning how the critically think and we write essay, debate, and we desire to analyze unanswerable questions like Mr. Perlstein’s. Sending your child to college is not an option in American society, and it’s hardly a privilege at that. In today’s fierce and fast paced world it is a necessity For most parents, thought goes into how they will even fund such a venture within the first few months of the child’s conception. College funds and savings bonds, money from might, relatives and graduation parties, this all gets stored until an how do an argumentative essay, entire portion of that funding goes towards expensive college visits.

Not only does the child want to go to college, that child has picked out 10 in compare and contrast essay which there is an orientation at each for prospective parents. They want to how do an argumentative essay, see where their money is going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and become the successful adult they were meant to be. What is wrong with college? As a successful student at a prominent Chicago school, I, for one, have plenty of industrial revolution opinions on the matter. Let’s look at an argumentative essay, “our war” by first taking a retrospective glance at might, Vietnam. My father, a student at the time of we write an argumentative essay Vietnam, was a conservative at a very conservative Indiana school. He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the week and talked highly of the camaraderie between fellow students. There were protests that were actually allowed on his campus.

When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against the war in their honor. He also remembers reading the and myrtle, names of the dead soldiers with the rest of how do his class, keeping in somber memory the fight his country was in. Bands of might essay students were scared, there was a draft in effect. Everyone had war on the mind and as those 18 year olds took on their first years of college, they had a lot more to worry about than where the weekend’s keg party was taking place. They were learning, growing, and forming opinions on the world they were entering by knowing their current events and being passionate about them.

Of course, without the internet, their local papers brought them more world events and less Lindsay Lohan. Being passionate about the world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the opinions of others so easily accessible. How Do Essay! The internet has taken so much of this away from current students. In my experience, you only have to and myrtle essay, make a choice on how do we write an argumentative which websites to read. Daisy And Myrtle Essay! Looking at our war today, many students walk away from it, choosing not even to an argumentative essay, recognize that it affects their daily world. Economic! There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and many more reasons not to care. The first time I saw an “indie” film was in how do we write 2001. This was the year I graduated high school. I was excited, I wanted more, and it wasn’t even the best film I ever saw. I didn’t have to wait until college to see these things, or to be exposed to and myrtle essay, Bukowski, I only needed my internet.

The first year I picked out an “indie” band was when I was in the ninth grade, and that was better than anything I had heard. I knew what war was, and it did not phase me. I am not sure why pop culture affected me so much, but, being from Indiana, it was great. How Do We Write An Argumentative Essay! The students around me formed into different opinionated groups. We had the political fanatics, we had jocks, we had emo-kids, and we had the popular kids. Everyone was way more concerned with their image than what was going on in the birth control, world. How Do! Even the fanatics that decided to birth control, protest got shut down early, and by the time they got to college, they had been defeated. High school is the new college, and that is the problem.

We know too much too soon, and no one can slow down the progression of societal change. Girls and boys do not learn about the facts of life from their parents when puberty starts anymore. We learned everything we needed from the internet, and the fact that our friends parents were the hippies during Vietnam. How Do An Argumentative Essay! We wanted what the older kids had, and that was knowledge. Knowledge comes from very different sources now, and children don’t go to college to become adults. Little adults go to college so that they can’t get caught for the things that they were doing since junior high.

This day and age isn’t about might essay, societal status, except for we write an argumentative essay a few Ivy League schools. This day and age is about being the most popular, getting good grades, and making sure you know what is happening in economic might your circle. When Rick Perlstein said “College campuses seem to we write an argumentative, have lost their centrality,” he was not kidding. Being at crossroads writing in four, an urban campus is a very singular experience for many students. I never really know what is going on at my school, and that is how do an argumentative no other persons fault than myself. Actually, there are plenty of events for statement prompt common app me to how do we write essay, take in. Industrial Revolution! Wine tasting, gallery openings, and cultural speakers are plentiful in my school situation.

It is the essay, fact that I am overloaded with the prompt common, assignments for classes that I cannot be overloaded with the knowledge of the an argumentative essay, world and my surroundings. I feel that this can be changed. With the right leaders at hand we can have the define essay, information at our fingertips, but often times I feel that this isn’t what they are after. Knowledge is separate from money in we write essay many ways, and dbq essay industrial, that is why college is more of an institution these days. Who says college doesn’t matter anymore? Not my peers. Not our parents. Sure, it’s no longer an issue that wins or loses campaigns, but for many people of my generation, college is the culmination of the how do we write essay, first eighteen years of life, the pinnacle of our youth.

The reason why we spent three hours a week for four years slaving away at a local soup kitchen? The reason why we founded that high school literary magazine? The reason why, at our parents’ urging, we enrolled in AP Biology, Calculus, and Government? College. Or rather, college admissions.

Who says college doesn’t matter anymore? Not my college counselor. Not the college-admissions columnist for my local newspaper. Common! Not my roommate’s SAT tutor. How Do We Write! College admissions has been built into an industry of vast proportions, with dozens of people who will tell you what college is crossroads creative writing in four genres best suited to how do essay, your particular traits, which angle to exploit in your essay, and the one imperative trick to acing the SATs. With articles on college admissions topping the most e-mailed list week after week, it seems that the real story happens before freshman even land in their first orientation ice-breaker, in prompt common app that little corner office on campus. No longer is the public’s curiosity peeked by what happens after those envelopes–fat or thin–land in mailboxes across the how do we write essay, country. College’s role in America has changed, and the rigorous and ridiculous college admissions process played a large role in that change.

For my mother, who graduated from Smith College in 1974, college meant something different. It was a chance for her to break away from her parents and to escape from the stale life of Midwestern America to the east coast, where things were happening. No longer. Thanks to define essay, the center of the young person’s solar system that college admissions has become, everyone who wants to be part of the lucky 9% admitted to Yale has to be a superkid by age 16. As Rick Perlstein observes in “What’s the Matter with College?”, the generation gap between the baby boomers who were educated in essay the 60s and 70s and their children is virtually non-existent. Personal Common App! We don’t have to an argumentative essay, run away from our parents as they fled from home.

This is define essay partially because of how do an argumentative major cultural and moral adjustments made in the past decades. Furthermore, the information age has changed everything. With so much bare information at our fingertips, my generation needs experience. We’re knowledgeable but naive and college can only personal app, give us the tools we need to how do, find things ourselves. Ronald Reagan may have frightened California voters into electing him in 1966 with horror stories of compare and contrast daisy and myrtle essay orgies at Berkeley, but today such anecdotes would fall on deaf ears. Many members of the how do we write essay, voting block that modern politicians rely on personal for electoral victories were students back then, and some actually participated in such lurid events. Even the leading politicians of the day can’t plead innocence–no one could shock George W. Bush with a story of 1966 college promiscuity, surely. Influential retirees, CEOS, and an argumentative, even some of our parents were once those starry-eyed college bohemians out to change that horribly straight-laced society. And they succeeded, to a great extent: the creative, morals and ideals that shape America today are radically different than they were a generation ago.

Free-love is not the all-encompassing ideal that some may have hoped it would be, but nor is abstinence-only a plausible educational option in this country, much as Mitt Romney would like to have you think so. David Brooks, so perceptive about the transformation of today’s college students into Organization Kids, also observes this generation-gap closing trend, in his 2000 book Bobos in Paradise, “In short, over the past few years the educated class has domesticated lust by enshrouding it in high-mindedness. How Do We Write An Argumentative Essay! The Bobos [Bourgeois Bohemians] have taken sex, which for centuries has been thought to be arousing or sinful or possibly dangerous, and dbq essay industrial, they have made it socially constructive.” It’s not so hard for parents to how do we write an argumentative essay, talk about sex with their teenagers with the litany of reading on the subject. Define Essay! No longer, either, are books like The Tropic of Cancer taboo. The Catcher in the Rye is required reading for most tenth graders. Because of the cultural changes in place since the generation who went to college “back when it was college” grew up and took over, my generation doesn’t have to we write an argumentative, leave home, in many cases, to have those “three and a half metamorphoses” that Hillary Rodham wrote of in letters to a high school confidant. By the time we get to college, we can already recite the crossroads creative in four, parts of a plant cell and how do essay, know where to look to find the personal common app, capitals of every African country in we write an argumentative just a few minutes. Thanks to the wide availability of might information today, we already have a lot of knowledge and have access to unlimited quantities of it.

What we lack is experience. How Do We Write An Argumentative Essay! As I tap out these words, I’m completing the economic might, last leg of a 24 hour train ride across Southern China. The view out my window is pure and beautiful–the green of the mountains, the red of the iron-rich soil. It’s possible that my last few weeks in this country, on the other side of the world from my home in we write rural Connecticut, have changed my way of thinking more than my whole first year in college. Here I have seen new things, been able to apply images to concepts I had only heard of previously, and have incubated my knowledge until it hatched into more than just words on a page. College is just not sufficient anymore as a breeding ground for ideas.

We arrive at college with ideas and revolution, form new ones while we’re there. We Write An Argumentative Essay! But what we really need is more than just two lectures a week and a recitation with a graduate student. We need unadulterated, worldly experience. College is writing in four something else it wasn’t in 1966, too: almost essential. Back then, you could opt out of higher education and how do an argumentative, still make a perfectly good living. Today, no such option exists. In America, college graduates, on personal prompt common app average, make, on average, 175% the income of those who attained just a high school degree.

Even entry level jobs require a bachelor’s degree and many beyond that need graduate education. We Write Essay! A friend’s parents recently asked me what I planned to do for graduate school. When I answered that I did not intend to go, they laughed cynically before asking me, unironically, “How’s your typing?” This condition, of course, only increases the already bloodthirsty competition for those coveted spots–so much so that I worry about my hypothetical children’s chances for admission. Dbq Essay Industrial! It also fills up those spots with people who don’t always want to be there. They, like Hamilton Morris in Mr. Perlstein’s essay, just trudge on through because they have to. College being as imperative as it is today, it’s too bad politicians don’t pay more attention to it and its changed role in our country. Stories of student sexual escapades may have lost their ability to shock, but something else could cause the eyes of even the most world-weary Berkeley alum to we write an argumentative, open in alarm: a $45,000 per year price tag. The late comedian Bill Hicks would open a bit about marketing and advertising with an birth control, admonition for his audience. “If anyone here is in how do we write essay advertising or marketing,” he would say and economic might, then pause for a moment, “kill yourself.” He would then ridicule for a few minutes a profession he suggested would even “make arsenic a childhood food.” One can imagine Hicks performing this material on college campuses today and seeing his observations being met with a thud, leaving him staring into a sea of blank faces. After all, consenting to such fierce social criticisms would, for most college students today, amount to a denial of how do we write essay their own marketability. A bland and resolutely pro-business student body has retaken the same quadrangles and academic buildings that were momentarily occupied by anti-war activists, feminists, black liberationists, and other counterculturalists.

The Census Bureau’s 2007 Statistical Abstract of the United States lays bare this changing sentiment. In 1970, 79 percent of college freshmen said their primary personal objective for school was “developing a meaningful philosophy of life.” By 2005, “75 percent said their primary objective was to be financially very well off.” College has mutated into an air-conditioned layover between a tightly managed adolescence and define essay, a prosperous and bureaucratic adulthood. A few days ago I read a Times profile of an argumentative essay Lee J. Todd Jr., president of the University of Kentucky. Despite the define essay, obstacles (“a state better known for thoroughbreds and bourbon”) President Todd wants to get UK into the top 20 among public research universities by 2020. Todd has a “thick loose-leaf book jammed with charts and graphs” detailing the Top 20 Business Plan that he and how do an argumentative essay, a team of revolution consultants developed over how do essay 18 months. But the Top 20 Business Plan is not without its detractors, who are “put off by the title of the president’s plan and its data-based methodology.” Ernest J. Yanarella, a political science professor at Kentucky since 1970, said the plan “smacked of corporate management.” Interestingly, though perhaps not surprisingly, no UK students were quoted in might the article. J. How Do We Write Essay! Bernard Machen, president of the University of define essay Florida, has an even more ambitious plan for his own school. He wants to get UF into the top-ten among public research universities. Dr.

Machen also colored his project with the stiff language of boardrooms and earnings reports. “Florida wants a top-10 university because it’s clear that our economic development is increasingly tied to research,” he said in how do an argumentative essay a December 2006 Times article. “The state’s fired up to invest in this university when it sees our projects with the Burnham Institute for Medical Research and Scripps Research Institute.” But these schools chase excellence at creative in four, a price. We Write Essay! The quest for higher rankings mirrors other trends in a downsized and outsourced society. As wealth has become more aggrandized, lower-income students face greater hurdles for enrollment. At the University of prompt Florida the average student’s family income hovers around $100,000. Dr.

Machen took home over $750,000 in 2006, while football coach Urban Meyer raked in over $2 million. Meanwhile, access to grants and loans has steadily declined. Students who do make it into these schools are admitted mostly by virtue of how do we write a statistical profile that is unabashedly self-conscious of the dbq essay revolution, annual U.S. News and World Report rankings: high-school GPAs, SAT scores, number of how do an argumentative essay varsity sports played, etc. Revolution! My father, Stephen Thompson, earned three degrees from Florida in the 1970s and 80s and is now a lawyer. After barely graduating from high school in Connecticut in 1972 he spent five years wandering around North America, including a train journey through Mexico where paramilitary soldiers made him cut off his shoulder-length hair. How Do We Write Essay! If we watch a Gators football or basketball game together, he’s quick to define essay, remind me that he wouldn’t have been admitted in today’s cutthroat admissions environment. Once they’re in, students don’t break with their achievement-accumulation habit. They gorge themselves with internships, extracurriculars, and other activities with an eye fixed upon resume building. Many students work single-mindedly toward degrees which promise a maintenance and expansion of their economic privilege- namely business administration, by far the essay, most popular major in define essay the United States. How Do Essay! Students who change majors and take more time to graduate are scorned as “taking up space,” UF sociology professor Leonard Beeghly told me.

This summer I became privy to a world I had only speculated about before. As a full-time student at New College of Florida, a public liberal-arts school with around 750 students, UF, with 50,000 students spread among 16 colleges, seemed completely exotic. I came to Gainesville this June to do research for a project on the Gainesville Eight- a group of Vietnam veterans who were put on trial for allegedly planning to violently disrupt the 1972 Republican National Convention. Economic Essay! When I mentioned the project to a history professor here, Alan Petigny, he suggested I frame the paper within the wider scope of protest activity in how do essay Gainesville and at UF during the 1960s/70s: the “Free Huey!” bumper stickers that dotted the cars of students and dbq essay revolution, professors alike; the campus-wide strike after the an argumentative essay, Kent State killings that shut down classes in May 1970; the student newspaper being forced independent by then university president Stephen O’Connell after it published a list of abortion providers in 1971. For much of the past month I’ve zigzagged through a maze of cell-phone wielding students on this sprawling, subtropical campus looking for traces of economic resistance, bridges to this university’s amorphous radical past. These walks have proven quixotic.

A roommate told me about an argumentative, a leafletter who has been calling for a student-run coffeehouse that would be an alternative to the ubiquitous Starbucks outlets and dbq essay revolution, Wolfgang Puck automatic coffee dispensers on we write an argumentative campus. Daisy! Administrators told him it would take several years before a decision could be made. I scoured the how do an argumentative essay, outdoor magazine and newspaper racks looking for a student-published alternative paper and found the Gainesville Iguana, a political monthly. The Iguana, it turns out, is actually published by a graying activist couple, Jenny Brown and define essay, Joe Courter. There is, however, a bounty of Young Money, “a leading national money, business and lifestyle magazine written primarily by student journalists.” There seems to be an amnesia of cultural memory among students for a time when campuses were smoldering with dissidence.

Students and faculty “back then” were enamored with the an argumentative, consciousness-expanding possibilities of LSD. Students today don’t really want to create new realities. And Contrast Essay! Instead they numb themselves by self-medicating on drugs sponsored by Coors and an argumentative essay, Pfizer. In the crossroads creative writing genres, classes I’ve sat in how do we write this summer- American Distinctiveness and Social Problems- students occasionally raise their hands, but chime in with typically unoriginal and sometimes trivial thoughts. Mostly they just want to know what material will be on the exam. Creative Writing! But this pattern is refreshingly broken sometimes. When Dr. Petigny asked his American Distinctiveness class if William Whyte’s 1956 description of the “Organization Man” held true today, a student in the front row raised his hand in assent. The student was a senior history major and was among a handful of pupils in the class with a discernable ideology. “Why do you think so?” asked the professor. The student thought for a moment. We Write An Argumentative Essay! “Because I was a business major.”

College: A Worn But Welcoming Path to Success. It has been argued that much of today’s working world relies heavily on practical skills rather than a college degree. While we acknowledge the value of these skills we also want to highlight the fact that some skills necessary for define essay personal and how do we write, professional growth and advancement can only be acquired through formal education, namely college and it is an unarguable fact that most technical skills become out dated and sometimes redundant as time passes. Define Essay! A higher level of education never will, but the we write an argumentative essay, knowledge and skills acquired through such a diverse curriculum and environment would only be sharpened through extensive use. The benefits derived from a college education cannot be over emphasized for they include valuable life lessons, learning self-reliance and discipline, development of social and personal prompt, communication skills, establishing life-long relationships and we write an argumentative essay, friendships, and not least of economic essay all, tolerance. How Do We Write Essay! Oh, did I mention the industrial, valuable exposure to different cultures and what students can learn from essay, another student of a different culture. These are just a few of the app, benefits, for if we should try to itemize all the merits of college the list would appear excessively long. Within the an argumentative, past twenty years we have seen a shift in educational re-enforcement with the invention of the computer. Some concepts that are being utilized on some college campuses include the introduction of on-line courses, Internet access and communication between students and lecturers, video and media lectures in the classroom, and limitless access to information at the students’ fingertip that their equals of yesteryear never dreamed of. Someone once said, “college as we know it has changed.” Of course it has, can there be growth without change? Impossible, for dbq essay industrial revolution change facilitates growth.

As mentioned earlier, the compilation of skills acquired and developed through the college experience is how do we write essay priceless, for on entering the workplace you are expected to assimilate into crossroads writing in four genres, the environment where you often come face to face with challenges that could overwhelm a less prepared employee. But, because you have had the we write essay, experience of working and studying along with people of varying cultures and crossroads writing genres, personalities you are better able to we write an argumentative essay, cope. What about unexpected problems that may arise? Well, because of your problem solving and analytical thinking skills you can evaluate the problem, come up with suggestions on how to best rectify the situation and implement the most effective solution. In an ever-changing society made up of people from all over might the globe tolerance and strong communication skills are a must. New York in of itself is a global village with people from every continent living under a unifying tent of dreams and how do we write an argumentative, ambition. At York College the student population is made up of people from over economic might fifty different cultures speaking different languages. How Do An Argumentative! Where else in compare and contrast and myrtle this world could you find such a phenomena? Only at our college and I confess it is an experience not to be missed. College is one of the greatest opportunity available for there is no limit regarding one’s age, race, gender, social position, marital status or similar factors that sometimes apply in other situations including applying to the military, police force and the likes of how do essay those institutions. Personal Prompt Common! All are welcome; all are embraced.

In an article written by Donna Henderson-King and Audra Kaleta entitled Learning About Social Diversity: The Undergraduate Experience and Intergroup Tolerance it was confirmed that, “college graduates have been compared with high school graduates and have been found to we write an argumentative essay, be more tolerable of prompt common app social nonconformity (Nunn et al., 1978) Based on a cohort of 1964highschool graduates, Montero found that those who went on to complete four years of undergraduate education were subsequently more supportive of civil liberties than those who did not.” (142) Some may try to justify not attending college by citing cost as their stumbling block. While we readily agree with the statement that the cost of attending college seems to be rising daily with the we write an argumentative essay, morning sun we should not let it blind us to the fact that we will be immensely more marketable with that college degree than without it. I believe, that after years of extensive research it is shown that a college degree would provide students with the knowledge and essay, intellectual skills that are vital in order for them to we write essay, succeed in today’s highly competitive job market. Although we want to daisy and myrtle, emphasize the importance of a higher education we cannot make light of the fact that the cost of attending college seems to be increasing daily making it difficult if not impossible for how do an argumentative essay some to in four, afford. And those who decide to make the sacrifice worry constantly about the how do we write essay, repayment of these loans.

This financial aspect of college can sometimes lead to early dropouts or a lengthy stay in college, neither of dbq essay which is conducive to a successful career. In my opinion, what you stand to gain far out weigh all of the financial difficulty. Anything worth having is worth fighting for. Knowledge should be at the top of our list, for how do essay it remains one of the most powerful tools man can procure for himself and nothing can take that away from him. There are numerous motivating reasons for attending college, including personal, professional and financial and these do not include the fundamental value of learning. Henderson-King, Donna. , and Audra Kaleta. “Learning About Social Diversity: The. Undergraduate Experience and Intergroup Tolerance.” The Journal of Higher. Education, vol. 71, No.2, Special Issue: The Shape of Diversity. (Mar.-Apr., 2000), What’s Wrong With Takin’ It To The Streets?

When I got in, no one from might essay, my high school had gone to Columbia. University in four years. It was like a dream to how do we write an argumentative, me: a school that. my grandpa calls a “communist university,” where I knew I would not. encounter a single person from my high school for at least a year. For my four years of high school I had to endure the writing genres, torture that is.

Kellenberg Memorial. I was one of the few left wing students at we write essay, the. school, and was not very popular because I insisted on challenging. my teachers, who often were not very subtle about their. For me, college has been a transformative experience. I absolutely.

love it; I was completely miserable in economic high school because I was. suffocating. Like my peers, I was made to how do we write an argumentative, believe that if you. don’t do well in in four high school, then you won’t get into a good. college, and if you don’t get into a good college, you won’t get a. good job and then you will die, poor and alone. Afraid of the.

bleak consequences, I did everything in my power to ensure that I. was going to a “good” school. Society has trained us to have this. anxiety about “not fitting in”, not “making it” or not being. “successful.” We are so afraid. College has been, for how do we write essay me at. least, a time to essay, ask “what if there’s more?” Here we can feel that. a new world is we write an argumentative possible. Early this past October, at the beginning of my sophomore year, the. Columbia College Republicans, out of sheer audacity, invited the. founder of the compare and contrast daisy, Minutemen Project, Jim Gilchrist, and his cohort, Marvin Stewart, to come speak about immigration during Latino.

Heritage Month. How Do Essay! I was there, and I saw my friends go on stage to. unfurl a banner and Minutemen supporters violently try to stop. them. The event seemed to ignite the birth essays, campus, and caught the. national media’s attention. How Do We Write Essay! Somehow, the issues that mattered to. us were put on the back burner while the whole thing was spun into. a debate on free speech. Define Essay! We were called “fascists,” a “disgrace,” the “dangerous far left.” Because being insulted by the right wing.

media is essentially praise to we write an argumentative, us on the left, the collective. slander served to unite many progressive groups on campus and statement prompt, gave. new energy to how do we write an argumentative, our movement (we even sold t-shirts bearing the new. name for the university that Bill O’Reilly has christened us with, “University of Havana-North”). The attention we received from the Minutemen protest had attracted a. reporter from New York Magazine, who studied our burgeoning antiwar. movement and wrote a glossy 7 page article on the rebirth of. radicalism at Columbia. Many found the article flattering. I was. disappointed, however, with the article’s portrayal of essays what is.

referred to as “identity politics.” I think that the reference to. “identity politics” is a direct shot at the struggle for Ethnic. Studies here at we write essay, Columbia. One thing that I failed to educate myself about when applying to. colleges is that Columbia prides itself on its own Eurocentrism, via the economic, Core Curriculum. How Do We Write Essay! The Core Curriculum is the mandatory. study of so-called “masterpieces” of Western art, music, literature. and philosophy. Compare And Myrtle! My dissatisfaction with the Core Curriculum led me. to change my major from Political Science to Latino Studies and. join SPEaK, Students Promoting Empowerment and Knowledge.

SPEaK is. a student group that was born out of the student strike in 1996, which led to how do we write, the establishment of the Center for the Study of. Ethnicity and Race (CSER). SPEaK helped me understand that the key in the struggle against. racism is an education which provides a critical analysis of the. social construction of race. In order to understand and. deconstruct the hierarchy of difference that has defined our social. interactions, we need to look at it from the define essay, bottom up. The Core.

Curriculum fails to do this because it only engages a privileged. perspective (i.e. White men) and in doing so, does not provide an. adequate lens to understand the how do we write an argumentative essay, various processes of birth essays identity. formation. Ethnic Studies is about changing the how do we write essay, way we look at. ourselves and the world; it’s about destroying systems of. oppression to make systems of empowerment. The more time I spend at Columbia, the define essay, more I understand that it is.

just one big corporation. We know that the we write an argumentative, university has hundreds. of thousands of dollars invested in defense corporations that are. openly profiting from the compare daisy and myrtle essay, Iraq war, we know that Columbia plans to. expand into west Harlem, which will lead to the secondary. displacement of hundreds of we write essay Harlem residents, and we know that the. university has dramatically underfunded and under-supported the. Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Race.

Columbia students. today are dealing with the same issues we dealt with 40 years ago: a tragic war, racism and gentrification. With all this in mind, still many of us are afraid to take it to the. streets because taking it to the streets is compare and contrast daisy and myrtle essay pretty dangerous. My. friends received permanent censures for “rushing the stage” and how do essay, we. are threatened with expulsion if we dare take over statement app another.

building. Many of us are afraid to how do an argumentative, risk our education for economic essay these. causes; tuition rates are higher than ever and we don’t even know. if we will be successful. We have worked all our lives to get. where we are today, and we can have it all taken away for standing. up for our beliefs.

While this is true, what perhaps is even truer is that I wouldn’t. even be able to go to college if it weren’t for those before me who. risked life and limb so that we could have these opportunities. This summer, I had the distinct privilege of meeting Representative. John Lewis (D-GA), the former chairman of the Student Nonviolent.

Coordinating Committee (SNCC). He showed my friends and me. pictures of the march from Selma to Montgomery, where he was beaten. by police. John Lewis and many other brave students were beaten and. imprisoned in the struggle for how do we write civil rights; many lost their lives. Almost everything I have today has been won in struggle, even my. major was won after students went on hunger strike in 1996. My heroes are not etched in the stone at the top of statement prompt Butler Library. Most of my heroes aren’t in the text books.

The people that I look. up to are my fellow students, whose vision and leadership have. strengthened and guided us. We Write Essay! This year, we gave up classes for define essay a. day in our strike against the war and we risked arrest during a. sit-in in we write the Saigon Grill restaurant (which was almost. single-handedly put on in four genres by my dear comrade, Christina Chen CC ’09). After all, being expelled can’t be all that bad, as almost all my. favorite Columbia Alum have dropped out or didn’t finish their. education at how do we write, Columbia (Langston Hughes, Juan Gonzalez, Lauryn. Hill). Birth Control Essays! I am going to try to do as Malcolm X said and “make it.

plain”: the challenges we face today are greater than ever before. and there is a movement growing on campuses across the nation, all. we need is people who are willing to take risks. See you in the. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by how do we write an argumentative essay the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the dbq essay revolution, United States to we write an argumentative essay, respond.

Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the dbq essay revolution, occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by how do we write essay their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)