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The Five Paragraph Argumentative Essay Structure


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Essay about argumentation

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The Most Popular Argumentative Essay Topics of 2017: The List

article of argumentation, science A physical clock can help you keep time, but so does an internal body “clock.” Work to understand that body clock just garnered three Americans a Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. A complex chemical reaction takes place when an romeo, onion is cut. The resulting compound is a real tear jerker. Essay About Argumentation? These terra-cotta warriors stand in the tomb of China’s first emperor. They were built more than 2,200 years ago, along with thousands of how to write references for a research, other statues. The production of so many finely crafted statues was made possible with different clay pastes that were distributed to specialized workshops, researchers propose. Playing video games such as Minecraft can help sharpen communication skills, resourcefulness and the ability to essay argumentation adapt to changing situations, a new study finds. Atticus Finch Father Essay? This animation shows how refraction divides white light as it passes through a prism into a rainbow of color. Essay About Argumentation? Lucas V. Write For A Research Paper? Barbosa/Wikimedia Commons.

If you were collecting the news, what would you ask your sources? Now, are the answers to these questions in the stories you read? If not, maybe you’re looking for news in the wrong places. Most people think of fibrous and muscle-rich foods when they hear the word protein. In fact, every cell of the body makes proteins, which will carry out all of its many functions.

Scientists are focusing on proteins — in cells and foods and essay fossils — to better understand how the thesis body functions. Playing video games such as Minecraft can help sharpen communication skills, resourcefulness and the ability to adapt to changing situations, a new study finds. A set of nine genes can signal whether a young adult will have a strong response to the flu vaccine, a new study finds. Charles Moore looks at the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Chile in March. His team found that an enormous floating garbage patch there held a mix of fishing gear and tiny plastic bits. courtesy of about, Algalita. Outline Proposed? A physical clock can help you keep time, but so does an internal body “clock.” Work to understand that body clock just garnered three Americans a Nobel Prize in essay about argumentation physiology or medicine.

Most people think of fibrous and muscle-rich foods when they hear the essay word protein. In fact, every cell of the body makes proteins, which will carry out all of its many functions. Scientists are focusing on essay proteins — in cells and foods and fossils — to better understand how the body functions. Playing video games such as Minecraft can help sharpen communication skills, resourcefulness and thesis policies the ability to adapt to changing situations, a new study finds. A set of about, nine genes can signal whether a young adult will have a strong response to the flu vaccine, a new study finds. Some people with diabetes must give themselves shots of medication every day. Policies? The injections contain a hormone called insulin.

This keeps their blood sugar level from rising too high. But researchers are inventing shot-free ways to essay control diabetes. A new electronic device is stretchy and light, and dissolves in acid. Bao Lab/Stanford University. This animation shows how refraction divides white light as it passes through a prism into for a research paper, a rainbow of color. Lucas V. Barbosa/Wikimedia Commons. Some people with diabetes must give themselves shots of medication every day.

The injections contain a hormone called insulin. Essay About? This keeps their blood sugar level from rising too high. But researchers are inventing shot-free ways to control diabetes. Journalism skills can help students identify reliable sources of news. Proud Of Yourself? Gerd Altmann/Pixabay (CC0) Finding fake news isn’t as easy as this photo makes it look. Argumentation? Silvia and Frank Eschweiler-Engelskirchen/Pixabay (CC0) If you were collecting the news, what would you ask your sources? Now, are the thesis school policies answers to these questions in the stories you read? If not, maybe you’re looking for news in the wrong places. Most people think of essay about argumentation, fibrous and muscle-rich foods when they hear the word protein. In fact, every cell of the body makes proteins, which will carry out pre k dissertations all of its many functions.

Scientists are focusing on essay proteins — in cells and foods and fossils — to essay about being proud better understand how the essay argumentation body functions. Being Of Yourself? Theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking is probably the most famous scientist with a disability, but he’s far from alone. Meet some of the many other scientists and essay engineers who have hurdled physical or medical barriers to find rewarding careers in research. Paul E. Alers/NASA. Thesis School? Students who are deaf or hard-of-hearing may face challenges to pursuing a career in STEM. Fortunately, there are resources that can help.

DaNa Carlis flew in a jet about 13,700 meters (45,000 feet) above the Pacific Ocean, near Hawaii, to gather weather data. Here, he is about argumentation about to release an instrument called a dropsonde to measure factors such as temperature and wind speed. Our home galaxy, the Milky Way, may house 100 million black holes, scientists estimate. Saturn’s north pole was dark when Cassini arrived in 2004. But as the seasons changed, light illuminated a bizarre six-sided swirl of gases at the pole (shown here in false color). The hexagon has been known since the 1980s. It is about 30,000 kilometers (18,600 miles) wide with a massive hurricane centered on the north pole. Atticus Essay? JPL-CALTECH/NASA, SPACE SCIENCE INSTITUTE. NASA held a press conference last year about about argumentation Hidden Figures . From left: director Ted Melfi, Octavia Spencer (Dorothy Vaughan), Taraji P. Henson (Katherine Johnson), Janelle Monae (Mary Jackson), producer Pharrell Williams and historian Bill Barry. This time-lapse photo shows the stages of a November 2012 solar eclipse in essay about being proud of yourself the South Pacific. RICK FIENBERG/TRAVELQUEST INTERNATIONAL/WILDERNESS TRAVEL (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Unfortunately, news seldom comes with a clear warning about essay about argumentation whether what you’re about to read is real news or just some hoax.

Our home galaxy, the Milky Way, may house 100 million black holes, scientists estimate. Artificial light at night can distract insects away from plants they would otherwise pollinate. Outline Thesis? And the fallout of this disruption in pollination may spread into about argumentation, daylight hours, a new study finds. A physical clock can help you keep time, but so does an internal body “clock.” Work to understand that body clock just garnered three Americans a Nobel Prize in write references for a research paper physiology or medicine. A complex chemical reaction takes place when an onion is cut. The resulting compound is about a real tear jerker. This small gold medal is write references for a research a Nobel Prize. Each medal bears the face of essay, Alfred Nobel. Playing video games such as Minecraft can help sharpen communication skills, resourcefulness and the ability to adapt to about being of yourself changing situations, a new study finds. The quantum world is the world that’s smaller than an atom. Things at this scale don’t behave the same way as objects on the scale that we can see.

Fire ants build towers using three simple rules, no leader needed.

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Steps for Writing an Argumentation Essay - Academic Resource

Bristol Palin#039;s Connection to essay about YOUR Career. Last week on Good Morning America , George Stephanopoulos asked Tina Brown for her reaction to the announcement of romeo and juliet essay, Bristol Palin’s engagement to Levi Johnston. “Absolutely brilliant,” said Brown, editor of The Daily Beast website. It was, she claimed, a great ploy by Bristol’s mom, Sarah, to keep the essay about argumentation Palin brand in the news. It’s all about “keeping the public interested,” Brown said. “It reminds me of Princess Diana who always knew just when the tabloid excitement was dying down, feed them another drama, you know?” Brown quipped that it’s bad news for Lindsay Lohan’s family because “now they [the Palins] are the First Dysfunctional Family of America. It’s going to romeo essay be a great show.

Let’s face it: we’re all watching.” None of essay argumentation, us have any idea whether what Brown says is dissertations true—that the engagement is a simple PR gimmick or staged in essay about, hopes of essay being proud, landing a lucrative deal for a reality show. And, frankly, we can only wish the essay young lovebirds and their baby the essay about proud very best. But Brown’s basic point—that it’s very savvy for essay argumentation, anyone who has a brand to school policies protect and promote—is one that all of us should appreciate. If you’re wondering why no one is responding to your resume, tapping you for a promotion, or clamoring to buy your products and services, consider this: What exactly are you doing to keep your name—your personal brand—front and about center with your target audience?

You can’t assume that you’ll be discovered—and rewarded—without taking deliberate action on a regular basis. That means you must break the write research waiting game. When someone tells us they’ve got a plan in mind, but they’re waiting for this, that and the other to happen before they can move forward, it’s a dead giveaway that they’re stalling, not prepping. What exactly can—and will—you do this week, starting today, to make something big happen, to get someone to notice you—to buy from you, to interview you or to applaud you? Take a page from the Palins—whether you love ‘em or hate ‘em, America is fascinated by essay, the famous family and outline of the thesis they keep us talking.

Tell us what you think—and declare your goal for the week, then go make it happen. Tory#039;s Skin Scare: Date with a Dermatologist. Job Security? Take Nothing For Granted. I have been struggling with just writing a cover letter to “sell” myself for an adjunct teaching position at our local community college. Essay About Argumentation! Your article says it all. No one is going to come knock at my door until I have something they want.

I must find a way to have them take notice. Thanks for the great insight. I get your point, but please leave the Palin name out of my email. I do not want to read any more about these people. Using the thesis about school policies Palins as an example for essay about argumentation, how women should promote themselves is the antithesis of everything “Women For Hire” stands for. Very disappointed that the romeo and juliet “Women For Hire” team would go this route. About Argumentation! Please refrain from promoting this family in the future. What’s wrong with you people saying there’s a problem with the Palin family? I’m not fans of the fam, but this post doesn’t endorse or condemn them.

It is just a reflection of a point made by how to write research paper, Tina Brown that we ALL can learn from. About! DO NOT WAIT TO GET NOTICED. Make people notice you, which is something the Palin people know how to do very well. That’s not saying you like them or dislike them, but there’s a very good point here. If ya’ll are waiting to get noticed, which face it, so many of us are, we’ll be waiting a while. Romeo And Juliet Essay! We wait to get noticed.

We wait for essay, our resume to be found. We wait for of the thesis, someone to hire us or give us a raise. Argumentation! STOP WAITING, gals! Palin ain’t waitin and neither should we! Wait this “negative” article is about how to get noticed? I would rather be noticed positively than negatively which is reflected in this outrageous show. So when the buzz dies down with Sarah the daughter is research paper pushed to the forefront? Really?? So what is essay sooo positive about write references having a baby at her age, the daughter of a governor (at the time) and out of wedlock and the infant child in the middle of all of essay argumentation, this drama.

While I did have children at a young age I am no way condoning what’s going on here. She had her name and him blasted all over the media, her boo hooing and him posing in playgirl? What is sooo positive about all of this and why is it in “Women for thesis policies, Hire?” How does this show people how to “go get it” I am sure an article could have been written on how to essay argumentation go get it without these folks at pre k, the forefront.. Get a grip and I am very disappointed in essay, this article Tory! If I never have to hear about this child, couple, and about being of yourself Sarah it will be too soon! Wonderful illustration of the essay art of promotion! Waiting has never gotten me anywhere. Pre K! Thanks for the heads up.

I’m no fan of the essay about argumentation Palins, but I agree with this 1000%. Being! I’m no fan of Tina Brown’s either, but I agree with her 1000% on this point as well. I scratch my head curious as to why the phone never rings. Now my ah ha moment is here. Essay About Argumentation! I’m not making it ring. I need to do something to stand out. Dissertations! I need to do it quickly too before I’m pushed out. Essay Argumentation! (Out of my house that is.) Thanks for sharing this. I know it takes guts to talk about essay about proud of yourself political figures without enraging some people, but they should know this isn’t about politics – duh!

It’s really about essay about survival. I applaud you, Women for Hire, for the inspiration to shaking things up. Now I’ve got to go DO SOMETHING! Using the Palins as any example of getting noticed turns my stomach and is definitely NOT how I want to be noticed. Dissertations! Yuk.

At least Diana tried to make a difference in the lives of the less fortunate. If this is an example of essay about, getting noticed then I am at the wrong place for guidance. Apparently that’s what this country has come to: trashy people selling their trashy stories for enormous profit. Imagery! I would be happy if I never heard of any member of the Palin “family” again. Lindsay Lohan may be a terribly troubled young woman with irresponsible parents, but at least she initially earned recognition through talent and hard work. I was raised with the slogan “Don’t air your dirty linen in public” ringing in essay argumentation, my ears. Apparently you’re now considered a chump if you don’t sell your family sleaze for enormous profits. I’m increasingly ashamed of being a citizen of a country that values greedy, trashy behavior above everything else. The Palins are the worst example on how to get noticed. I have placed my resume out there.

When will be my turn, I don’t know. I belong to all the social websites, but what can I do? I’m surprised, Tory, your’re not inviting the thesis about Palins to about the next bunch of Women For Hire job fairs that are coming up. Especially your early morning coffee klatch. There is about policies NOTHING fascinating about the Palin family. I’m disappointed in Women for Hire’s decision to invoke the Palin name here, and I’m inclined to question the competence of the person who thought it was a good idea to use that family as an about, example. Wearing daisy dukes and a halter top will get you noticed, too, but is that the thesis school kind of attention you want as you build your career brand?

CECT: You missed the point! The idea is to essay about argumentation get yourself noticed. Not through trash, but through a splash of your good work. MADELINE: I didn’t read this as a way of COPYING the Palins, nor do I see this as an endorsement of the write Palins. Argumentation! You people are missing the point. The point is we’re all sitting around hoping and dissertations praying the essay about argumentation mortgage gets paid and it won’t on thesis about school, its own. We have to take action. NOT COPY THE ACTION of the Palins or anyone else.

Just take the best action for YOU. Fast. And don’t be so negative and nasty. Please, please, please, do not corrupt this site with that name again. It’s inescapable…news websites, entertainment websites…I never expected it here. Please reserve such examples for intelligent non-narcissistic women with real messages. Palins not required: if you’re really interested in branding yourself, read Robin F Roffer’s book, “Make a Name for Yourself-8 Steps Every Woman Needs to Create a Personal Brand Strategy for argumentation, Success”

I want to references for a paper tell you how much I enjoy reading your emails and how much insight and essay inspiration I get from knowing more about about school you and all the professional women out there who are doing their thing. I’m sorry to see so much hatred and venom here. Essay Argumentation! You don’t have to like (or dislike) a person to learn from this very real example. To say that mentioning a name is akin to “corrupting” a website shows just how petty some people are. Of course this anecdote from about, Ms. Brown is for argumentation, real women — real women like us. Thank you. Take a page from the atticus finch Palins Americans are fascinated with them. Who? A bunch of old grumpy men and some women. I think not there are pretty good examples out essay about argumentation here better than this family.

It’s sad to say if America form of excitement are trash people then forget it. There are many ways to get noticed without demeaning yourself and being delusional. Just brand you your product or what have you. I would love to romeo and juliet essay imagery see the essay about argumentation polls on what types of people are fascinated with this family. I know women who are strong bright and father essay they do care for Ms. Palin or her family. Essay About! I for one do not care I agree they manipulate the media for there glory no one is getting anything out of it except for the Palins. That’s not my make I do what I do I’m rewarded in many ways by dissertations, being true to who I am that always will work. Real saddened by about, Women for Hire with using this as a example. Lets use some others since your going this way..

Lindsay Lohan, Paris Hilton, Lady Gaga, Beyonce, Lil Kim or the Kardashians the list can go on and on with those types. Wow look at the Palin haters here. Give me a break. You all wish you were as talented and as popular. All of your comments show one thing: this site targets more democrats than republicans or tea party types. That’s fine. I don’t love the dissertations Palins, but this is a fine example to argumentation show us to get off our butts and make something of ourselves.

This website isn’t telling us to act like fools. The message is to just do something to get noticed. Why do you all post comments about your personal feelings of the Palins? That is relevant. You can’t see the forest through the trees, can you? Who cares about the Palin clan. Just follow the message and get yourself noticed in a positive manner.

Good luck to you all and stop being such haters. I do not feel it is necessary to make the Palin family an example- I am embarrassed by what they represent want no part of it. On the other hand it is important to create a buzz about how to for a research your business and keep your company/brand visible- I think it is about really sad the general public is enamored with dysfunction wrong doing- How about focusing on people changing the world and of yourself making a positive difference. That is where I spend my time the energy I want in my life- For that matter, why not cite the queens of PR, Madonna and Lady Gaga? I saw a larger message in the email and took it as a motivation to do something. What the about email did for me is it allowed me to think about what I have to do this week to promote my business. Millie — same here.

I agree with you and I understood the real spirit of this anecdote just as you did. About! That’s why you and I will go far, right? #128578; What a cynical and horrible example to use to illustrate a point. I’m afraid I must say I find this example appalling. I’ve done master’s and doctoral work in Marketing (at Wharton), and I’m a person of faith, and about I’ve already had difficulty with the concept of outline of the, “the brand me”.

We’re people; we’re children of God, not products; yes, we need to hone our messages, and listen to our customers, but we also need to guard and cherish our humanity. This item is about parents and argumentation their children, and about a commitment (that should be for pre k dissertations, a lifetime) of marriage; and it’s being taken as an example of about, how to stay in the market of the US electorate. Pre K! I don’t think many of us are operating in a market of that scale; or that we’re that jaundiced about marriage; or (especially) that we’re so manipulative about our children. Has it come to essay argumentation this? Does the end justify the means?

I have one daughter, now launched (tentatively, in this economy) on her own career; I’ve moved 8 times, across 2 continents and of yourself 3 countries, to essay about argumentation support my wife’s career. I’m still active professionally and in my church; and I would never dream of anything like this item on a politician’s “brand”. Romeo And Juliet! I believe I’ve followed, and still follow, a path of honor. I see the path described in this item as its antithesis. My goals this week? Go to choir rehearsal tomorrow, then do a bang-up job at our special service Sunday; participate in networkings tomorrow and Friday; reply to essay argumentation some job postings; support my wife in her job search.

Yes, we’re both looking. But we’re not stooping to this kind of brand-management-of-me (and she’s in marketing – PG, Coke, Mars – I’m GE, Mars, consulting myself). Thesis School Policies! We’re human beings. Essay About Argumentation! And so is our daughter. Oh, please, Stephen. You and your wife are oh-so-mighty and above it all.

Just because you’re devoted to your church doesn’t make you any different from anyone else. You’re missing the thesis school policies point here, that only argumentation, a few people seem to get: Yes, we all have personal brands. Like it or not. Personal branding is a big part of outline of the thesis, today’s reality. You don’t have to like someone’s personal brand to about argumentation learn the important message, which is that we all have a need to of the proposed thesis hone our personal brands. Your brand is your brand, your daughter has her own, etc. Why do you wrongly assume that developing and promoting your brand is somehow tawdry or not honorable?

That’s a false assumption. Essay About! Steve Jobs has a personal brand. Is he a loser? The Obamas have a personal brand. Are they less honorable than you? The Dalai Lama has a personal brand. Is he tawdry? All of them – in business, politics, religion — have personal brands that they carefully craft and hone every day through very calculated moves to get the of the proposed thesis attention they need for essay, themselves and essay about being the causes they believe in. It’s called SUCCESS.

You say “stooping to this kind of brand-management-of-me” as if it’s WRONG. If you really work in marketing, then you know the value and importance of argumentation, brand management. Success doesn’t just happen without growing and protecting your brand. You don’t have to agree with someone brands nor should a devoted religious man mock someone else’s brand management. But one thing is true: BRAND MANAGEMENT FOR INDIVIDUALS ISN”T GOING ANYWHERE.

So if you want to remain out of romeo essay imagery, work, ignore it at your peril. I think this article is the author’s complete opinion (and opinion only) on the Palin family, and I did not appreciate the author using them as the essay example. Very poor use to get your point across. This article was not helpful, and proposed thesis it certainly did not put a positive spin on “branding yourself.” I think Women for argumentation, Hire could have done a much better job in getting their point across. MJG – wow. I fear you reveal too much of your own biases in your comment.

Your criticism seems very personal; I really just tried to use my personal experience to illustrate a broader observation, and if I failed I’m sorry. You’ve used pejorative and judgemental language like “tawdry“, “wrong”, “oh-so-mighty”, “false assumptions”, “mock“, “less honorable” “oh, please”; I really tried to refrain from imagery, that, and I’m sorry if I failed. All of my nuclear family “gets” branding, and I used our credentials as shorthand (in a carefully edited post) to buttress that. And many of the people I respect most have faith lives that are completely private, so I don’t see that as essential either; again, I used those references as shorthand to essay raise the ethical and values-based issues involved. So please don’t misread these references; far from ignoring brand-management-of-me, I’m in fact taking it very seriously. If these references misled, I apologise.

I’m not trying to be an thesis about policies, Obama, or a Jobs, or a Dalai Lama. I’m trying to find a meaningful purpose (which is almost certainly not so mass-market), and communicate it effectively. Even a product like Coke or MMs is managed in a way that reflects values and purpose; how much more so then for about argumentation, us as humans? You’ve quoted me reflecting on “this kind of brand-management-of-me” (emphasis on the first two words), and I chose that phrasing carefully – I worry tremendously that unhealthy lessons may be learned from the outline thesis example cited in about argumentation, the original item. The end doesn’t justify the means, in romeo, my view; how we manage our personal brands matters. Perhaps more than any other brand management we undertake. I’d like to invite you to re-read our posts, and to reflect in essay, particular on your emphasis on “success” How do we define that? How do we measure it?

I’m a management scientist, and I’ve seen (in a 25-year career to date) the about policies truth of “you get what you measure”. It’s true for essay, organisations, and I think in the main it’s true for individuals too. For me, it comes down to understanding what the “abundant life” (John 10:10) really means. For you, it may come down to something else. In any case, MJG, I hope your personal brand will be healthy; and pre k dissertations I hope, independent of that, that you and those you love will be healthy too. WOW! In reading all the comments, it is essay about argumentation fascinating that one name can bring about such dialog and get totally away from the point of the pre k dissertations article. But I get the theme of the essay argumentation article. As someone who has always struggled with self-image, how can I self promote?

I have good skills but don’t know how to get the write references for a paper ‘self’ brand out there that is eye-catching? Do I include or highlight my personal interests or hobbies? Any additional insight would be gratefully accepted. My, my, what we are willing to spend our good time on essay, amazes me sometimes. Proud! It is an article with a point. If you missed the point, sorry.

If you don’t like the example, sorry. Everyone has a right to be heard and essay argumentation their opinion given. Stop wasting your time posting and take or leave the dissertations information as you choose. But this is certainly a way to cull the over-reactive, my way attitudes if you are in a hiring position. I will have to use this information when posting my next opening. Gee – sorry if I upset any sensibilities. I’ve never written a post like these; this item spoke strongly to family, and about values, and branding in a job search, all of pre k, which matter to me. I don’t think my post was about just the article, or the point, or the example, or about the essay argumentation right to write have an argumentation, opinion heard; it was about underlying ideas that go beyond those limits. The invitation to post, it seems to me, is an invitation to share and build on ideas. If it was a simple matter of get the point / don’t, or agree with the thesis school point / don‘t, WFH could have run a poll rather than saying “tell us what you think”. And while many of the preceding posts were of a simpler, up/down nature, others seemed to explore deeper issues raised by essay about argumentation, the article.

I certainly don’t feel I’ve wasted my own time developing and sharing my thinking on this topic. If any reader feels I’ve wasted their time, I apologise; though I do think it’s every reader’s prerogative to disagree with a post, and to ignore it entirely if they find it a waste of their time. Doubtless there are forums more appropriate to a discussion of this earnestness, but I don’t believe WFH is an inappropriate forum for it. References For A Research! The earlier posts suggest there is at least a subset of WFH readers who see broader, potentially disturbing issues in the article’s example. As for essay about argumentation, me, my view is: – personal branding matters even more, since it’s about persons. – family matters even more yet. – respect for self, family, and others is critical in making personal branding choices. – all branding should reflect the brand’s values – especially personal branding. – what gets noticed in mass-market branding situations may or may not be relevant in romeo and juliet essay imagery, personal branding situations. – taking away appropriate lessons is about always important.

– WFH generally does such great work that it’s disappointing to see the newsletter holding up such a questionable example. – if there’s redeeming value in engendering discussion by using such an for a research paper, example, then the discussion should be in argumentation, earnest. – seek to understand your values, what you truly love, what matters to you and why. You’ll be miles ahead of the example cited, and well on the way to a consistent, powerful, meaningful personal brand. Many thanks to the posters on all sides, and to WFH for providing the how to for a research paper forum.

So, this is essay what you are writing to call in of the proposed thesis, your sheep? While you are making things up, (to keep the interest), you are keeping YOU career going.(?) None of essay about argumentation, what you eluded to, regarding the pre k dissertations Palin’s is true. I wouldn’t call this brilliaNt, I would call this dishonest, AND difunctional on you part. About Argumentation! Try writing the truth. This is what fasinates America about Sarah Palin. Of The Thesis! She speaks honestly. She doesn’t have to make things up. Most intelligent and wise Americans laugh at you insinuations’.

Sorry. You ought to essay argumentation engage in a contest regarding top-of-the-line sites on the net. I’ll endorse this website! This is a fantastic internet site, might you be thinking about carrying out a meeting regarding the romeo and juliet imagery way you developed this? If so e-mail myself! An individual in essence produce substantially blogposts I would state. Which is the essay about new My spouse and i used your site web site or more in dissertations, order to now?

My spouse and i amazed while using evaluation you’ve made to produce this particular real submit amazing. Impressive process! I think that what you typed was very logical. But, think on this, what if you added a little content? I ain’t suggesting your content is not good, but what if you added a title to possibly grab people’s attention? I mean Bristol Palin is kinda boring.

You ought to look at Yahoo’s home page and note how they create post headlines to get people to open the links. You might try adding a video or a related pic or two to grab readers excited about everything’ve got to say. In my opinion, it would bring your posts a little livelier. Perhaps you have thought-concerning which include added movies to your blog site posts keep up with the visitors additional interested? I imply I merely examine with the essay about entire item of the one you have additionally it had been really superb but as I’m further of the visible novice,I discovered in which being far more beneficial effectively let me understand the way it seems! My spouse and i in general much like whatever you folks are typical enough time up incredibly.

These kinds of clever are employed in of the proposed, addition to essay about argumentation credit reporting! Support the particular high-quality operates fellas I have additional everyone in order to my blogroll. It’s a great editorial appreciate your sharing this particular informative data.. About Being! I’m going to visit your web site frequently for sure most recent submit. Anyhow, in my words, there are commonly not really a good deal excellent source similar to this. Another thing happens when you are looking for an education loan you may find that you’ll have to have a cosigner. There are lots of instances exactly where this is true as you may find you do not utilize a previous credit rating hence the loan provider requires you have an individual co-sign the borrowed funds for you personally. Essay About Argumentation! Excellent submit. I just acquired a single issue. Would certainly anyone here love to outline proposed get into e-mail marketing?

My spouse and essay argumentation i run a marketing with email company.Would love that if a person tummy flatness, although take a look. Dissertations! We offer an effort in case you have considered trying it out. It’s really a nice beneficial part of data. We are pleased which you contributed this helpful details here. You should keep us current similar to this. Essay About Argumentation! Thanks for expressing.

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Feeding Your Cat: Know the Basics of Feline Nutrition. If you do not want to essay about argumentation, read this entire webpage, please review this shortened version: Feeding Your Cat – Short version – 4 pages (updated November 2013) Many readers of this website have kindly donated their valuable time to write research, translate this important information into various languages. Please click PDF options for more information. Diet is the brick and mortar of health.

This web page lays out some often-ignored principles of feline nutrition and explains why cats have a better chance at optimal health if they are fed canned food (or a balanced homemade diet) instead of essay argumentation dry kibble . Putting a little thought into what you feed your cat(s) can pay big dividends over outline, their lifetime and very possibly help them avoid serious, painful, and essay, costly illnesses. An increasing number of nutrition-savvy veterinarians, including board-certified veterinary internists, are now strongly recommending the feeding of canned food instead of proposed dry kibble. The three key negative issues associated with dry food are: 1) water content is too low. 2) carbohydrate load is too high. 3) type of protein – too high in about, plant-based versus animal-based proteins. In addition, dry food is romeo imagery very heavily processed which includes being subjected to high temperatures for a long time resulting in alteration and about, destruction of nutrients. Dry food is essay about proud also often contaminated with bacteria, fungal mycotoxins, storage mites/cockroaches and essay about argumentation, their feces, etc. Most people who are concerned about their own nutrition have heard nutritionists say “shop the perimeter of the grocery store.” This statement refers to the push to get humans to finch essay, focus on fresh food – not overly processed food found in boxes and essay argumentation, cans. Where do you think kibble would reside in this scenario? Definitely not in the “perimeter”!

There is nothing fresh about this source of food and atticus father essay, it certainly does not come close to resembling a bird or a mouse. Also keep in mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for essay about, weeks or months before your pets consume them. How To References For A Paper. Fats can easily become rancid, and bacteria will proliferate, in essay, this type of environment. There is no doubt that dry food is responsible for far more intestinal problems, and other diseases, than most veterinarians and cat owners realize. Please click on the links below to romeo, read more about about argumentation, optimal nutrition for cats. My Cat is finch father Doing Just “Fine” on Dry Food!

Every living creature is “fine” until outward signs of a disease process are exhibited. Argumentation. That may sound like a very obvious and basic statement but if you think about it…… Every cat with a blocked urinary tract was “fine” until they started to strain to urinate and how to references research, either died from a ruptured bladder or had to be rushed to the hospital for emergency catheterization. Every cat on the Feline Diabetes Message Board was “fine” until their owners started to essay argumentation, recognize the signs of diabetes. Every cat with an inflamed bladder (cystitis) was “fine” until they ended up in severe pain, started passing blood in their urine, and began to how to paper, refuse to use their litter box because they associated it with their pain. Every cat was “fine” until the essay about argumentation, feeding of species-inappropriate, hyperallergenic ingredients caught up with him and he started to show signs of food intolerance/IBD (inflammatory bowel disease). Every cat was “fine” until that kidney or bladder stone got big enough to cause clinical signs. Every cancer patient was “fine” until their tumor grew large enough or spread far enough so that clinical signs were observed by the patient.

The point is that diseases ‘brew’ long before being noticed by the living being. This is why the statement “but my cat is outline of the healthy/fine on dry food” means very little to me because I believe in preventative nutrition – not locking the barn door after the horse is argumentation gone. I don’t want to finch, end up saying “oops……I guess he is not so fine now!!” when a patient presents to me with a medical problem that could have been avoided if he would have been feed a species-appropriate diet to essay about argumentation, begin with. Of course, in order to be on board with the preventative nutrition argument, a person has to understand the following facts: 1 ) All urinary tract systems are much healthier with an romeo essay imagery, appropriate amount of water flowing through them. 2) Carbohydrates can wreak havoc on cats’ blood sugar/insulin balance. 3) Cats inherently have a low thirst drive and need to consume water *with* their food. Essay About. (A cat’s normal prey is.

70 – 75% water – not the very low 5-10% found in dry food.) 4) Cats are strict carnivores which means they are designed to get their protein from meat/organs – not plants. Cats are obligate (strict) carnivores and are very different from dogs in their nutritional needs. What does it mean to be an ‘obligate carnivore’? It means that your cat was built by atticus finch father essay, Mother Nature to get her nutritional needs met by the consumption of a large amount of animal-based proteins (meat/organs) and derives much less nutritional support from plant-based proteins (grains/vegetables). It means that cats lack specific metabolic (enzymatic) pathways and about argumentation, cannot utilize plant proteins as efficiently as animal proteins. It is very important to remember that not all proteins are created equal. Proteins derived from write research animal tissues have a complete amino acid profile. (Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Think of essay them as pieces of a puzzle.) Plant-based proteins do not contain the full complement (puzzle pieces) of the critical amino acids required by an obligate carnivore. The quality and thesis school policies, composition of a protein (are all of the puzzle pieces present?) is essay also referred to as its biological value . Humans and dogs can take the pieces of the puzzle in the plant protein and, from those, make the missing pieces.

Cats cannot do this. This is why humans and dogs can live on a vegetarian diet but cats cannot. (Note that I do not recommend vegetarian diets for dogs.) Taurine is one of the romeo essay imagery, most important nutrients present in meat but it is essay about argumentation missing from plants. Atticus Finch Essay. Taurine deficiency will cause blindness and heart problems in cats. The protein in dry food, which is about argumentation often heavily plant-based, is thesis not equal in quality to the protein in canned food, which is meat-based . The protein in dry food, therefore, earns a lower biological value score. Because plant proteins are cheaper than meat proteins, pet food companies will have a higher profit margin when using corn, wheat, soy, rice, etc. Andy – 18 years ago as a kitten. He still enjoys his meat! Veterinary nutritionists and pet food company representatives will argue that they are smart enough to know *exactly* what is missing from a plant in terms of nutrient forms and amounts – nutrients that would otherwise be in a meat-based diet. Essay About Argumentation. They will then claim that these missing elements are added to their diets to make it complete and balanced to sustain life in an obligate carnivore. Does anyone really think that humans are that smart?

This is the and juliet imagery, kind of arrogance that has led to fatal errors in the past. Not all that long ago (1980s) cats were going blind and dying from heart problems due to this arrogance. Essay About. It was discovered in the late 1980s that cats are exquisitely sensitive to about school policies, taurine deficiency and our cats were paying dearly for essay argumentation, humans straying so far from nature in order to increase the profit margin of the pet food manufacturers. There are several situations that can lead to a diet being deficient in taurine but one of essay about them is essay using a diet that relies heavily on plants (grains, etc.) as its source of protein. Instead of lowering their profit margin and going back to nature by adding more meat to the diets, the pet food companies simple started supplementing their diets with synthetic taurine.

This may be all well and dissertations, good for this particular problem, but how do we know that we are not blindly going along unaware of other critical nutrients that are missing from a plant-based diet? Why are nutritionists so arrogant to essay argumentation, think that we can safely stray so far from what a cat is essay of yourself designed by nature to eat? Also note that synthetic taurine is manufactured from essay about argumentation a chemical reaction and all taurine (at least that I know of) comes out of thesis policies China. Given that country’s horrible track record with regard to food safety, I certainly would not want to depend on taurine from China’s chemical synthesis to meet my cats’ taurine needs. With regard to essay about argumentation, the overall protein amounts contained in dry versus canned food, do not be confused by the listing of the protein percentages on the packaging. At first glance, it might appear that the dry food has a higher amount of protein than the canned food—but this is not true on a dry matter basis which considers the food minus the water. Pre K Dissertations. Most canned foods, when figured on a dry matter basis, have more protein than dry food. And remember, even if this was not the case, the percentage numbers do not tell the whole story. Essay. It is the protein’s biological value that is critical. Let’s ask ourselves the following question: How many cats become ill or die from these species-inappropriate diets yet the patient’s diet is never even questioned as a possible cause of the essay proud of yourself, illness or death? We cannot answer that question definitively but I have no doubt that the answer would be “many”.

Do cats survive on these heavily (synthetically) supplemented plant-based diets? Yes, many of them do. Do cats thrive on these diets? No, they do not. Please pay special attention to the words *survive* versus *thrive* as there is a very big difference between the two states of health. Robbie – hunting his dinner. Fresh vs Highly Processed with Synthetic Supplements. There are two basic ways to meet our nutrient needs: Eat fresh food with a short ingredient list – or at least one that does not resemble a science experiment full of long names that are hard to pronounce. Eat highly processed foods that have had much of their nutrient content destroyed or altered, with food chemists ‘fixing’ the deficit with synthetic supplements. This type of unhealthy diet is consumed under the assumption that humans know exactly what was destroyed or altered during processing and argumentation, what needs to be added back and in outline of the thesis, what form and amount.

Again, people are simply not that smart. While canned food is not ‘fresh,’ per se, dry food undergoes a harsher processing. It has been cooked at essay argumentation very high temperatures for a long period of school time. The extensive cooking required to remove most of the water from the food (70% moisture reduced to about argumentation, 5-10% moisture) significantly alters the biological value of the protein sources and damages other vital nutrients. Nutritionists then have to atticus, guess which nutrients – in what form and amounts – were destroyed by argumentation, this cooking process and then try to add them back into the diet. Occasionally ‘real food’ is used instead of synthetic supplements but those long and essay being of yourself, hard-to-pronounce names on the ingredient list describe chemically synthesized nutrients. Given that humans will never be as smart as nature – we will never know every detail of about argumentation a cat’s normal prey – it is obvious that there is a risk when greed cause humans to stray so far from thesis about a cat’s natural diet.

We Are Feeding Cats Too Many Carbohydrates. Note: I have stopped using the term “grain-free” since it has become somewhat meaningless. Many companies (e.g., Blue Buffalo) tout that their products are “grain free” but then they just load up the food with high carbohydrate ingredients like potatoes and peas which are not grains but still contribute a significant carb load (and plant-based protein) to the food. The “grain-free” descriptive has become very deceptive and misleading. In their natural setting, cats—whose unique biology makes them true carnivores–would not consume the high level of carbohydrates (grains, potatoes, peas, etc.) that are in essay about, the dry foods (and some canned foods) that we routinely feed them. Proposed. You would never see a wild cat chasing down a herd of biscuits running across the plains of Africa or dehydrating her mouse and topping it off with corn meal. In the wild, your cat would be eating a high protein, high-moisture, meat/organ-based diet, with a moderate level of fat and with only approximately 1-2 percent of her diet consisting of carbohydrates . The average dry food contains 35-50 percent carbohydrate calories. Some of the cheaper dry foods contain even higher levels. This is NOT the diet that Mother Nature intended for your cat to eat.

Many canned foods, on the other hand, contain approximately less than 10 percent carbohydrates. Please note that not all canned foods are suitably low in carbohydrates. For instance, most of the Hill’s Science Diet (over-the-counter) and the Hill’s ‘prescription’ diets are very high in about argumentation, carbohydrates and are not foods that I would ever choose to feed. Cats have a physiological decrease in atticus essay, the ability to utilize carbohydrates due to the lack of essay argumentation specific enzymatic pathways that are present in other mammals, and they lack a salivary enzyme called amylase. Cats have no dietary need for carbohydrates and, more worrisome is the fact that a diet that is high in carbohydrates can be detrimental to their health as explained below.

With this in mind, it is as illogical to thesis school policies, feed a carnivore a steady diet of meat-flavored cereals as it would be to feed meat to a vegetarian like a horse or a cow, right? So why are we continuing to essay argumentation, feed our carnivores like herbivores? Why are we feeding such a species-inappropriate diet? The answers are simple. Grains/potatoes are cheap. Outline Of The Thesis. Dry food is convenient. Affordability and convenience sells. However, is a carbohydrate-laden, plant-based, water-depleted dry food the about, best diet for our cats?

Absolutely not. Obligate carnivores are designed to how to for a research paper, eat meat/organs – not grains/vegetables – and essay, they need to consume water with their food as explained below. Opie’s pictorial at Feline Urinary Tract Diseases is a ‘must see’ for imagery, any cat caregiver who insists on feeding dry food. The first paragraph of that page is essay as follows: If I could have the reader of atticus finch essay this webpage take away just one word from this discussion, it would be “water.” If your cat is on a properly hydrated diet of 100% canned (or homemade) food – and no dry food – you stand a very good chance of never needing to read this webpage. Water is an extremely important nutrient that contributes to about argumentation, overall health in every living creature. Couple this with the romeo and juliet essay imagery, fact that cats do not have a very strong thirst drive when compared to other species, and you will understand why it is critical for about argumentation, them to ingest a water-rich diet. The cat’s lack of a strong thirst drive can lead to low-level, chronic dehydration when dry food makes up the bulk of their diet especially if they have any level of essay kidney insufficiency. A cat’s normal prey contains approximately 70 – 75 percent water.

Dry food only contains 5-10 percent water whereas canned foods contain approximately 78 percent water. Canned foods therefore more closely approximate the essay, natural diet of the cat and pre k dissertations, are better suited to meet the cat’s water needs. I hear the about, reader saying: “But my cat drinks a lot of outline thesis water so dry food is just fine for about, him!” A cat consuming a predominantly dry food diet does drink more water than a cat consuming a canned food diet, but in atticus father essay, the end, when water from essay about argumentation all sources is added together (what’s in their diet plus what they drink), the cat on dry food consumes approximately half the amount of water compared with a cat eating canned food. Put another way, a cat on a canned food diet consumes approximately double the amount of water consumed by how to for a, a cat eating dry food when all sources (food and essay about, water bowl) are considered. This is a crucial point when one considers how common kidney and write for a paper, bladder problems are in essay, the cat. Think of canned food as ‘flushing out’ your cat’s bladder several times each day.

Please keep in mind that when your cat starts eating a more appropriately hydrated diet of canned food, his urine output will increase which is outline of the a very good thing for bladder health. Because of about argumentation this increase in urine production , litter boxes need to be scooped more frequently or more boxes need to be added to the home. Please see The Litter Box From Your Cat’s Point of View for reasons why I strongly feel that clumping litter is the only sanitary choice of litter to use for thesis school policies, cats. Non-clumping litters do not allow you to remove all of the urine and about argumentation, are not sanitary litters. Toby – very lean, energetic and athletic on romeo essay, a proper diet. Essay. He is 18 years old and still runs around like a kitten. Learn How To Read a Pet Food Ingredient Label. For more details regarding pet food ingredient labels, see Commercial Foods. Note: If you are tempted to write to me to ask what food you should feed to your cat, understand that specific advice cannot be provided via email. If someone wants to discuss the information contained on romeo essay imagery, this site in more detail, an appointment for a phone consultation needs to be set up. Before you get too confused and frustrated when reading this section, I will say at the outset: I would much rather see a cat eat any canned food versus any dry food – regardless of quality level of the argumentation, canned or dry food.

This includes Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc., canned options. I am so tired of seeing cats suffering tremendously from essay blocked urethras and other urinary tract diseases because of argumentation Man’s love affair with dry food. Try not to essay about proud, drive yourself nuts when picking out about a canned cat food. The fact that you are feeding canned food and not dry food is 90% of the battle so just do the best that you can – given the information below, the school, information on essay argumentation, the Commercial Foods page, and also the Cat Food Composition chart linked in the sidebar for future reference. When using that chart, just focus on the first four columns and the last column if you care about calories/can. The first four columns show the pre k, caloric distribution which is the best way to essay argumentation, analyze food. I ignore the father, dry matter basis columns.

I mentioned above that you should refrain from “driving yourself nuts” but after becoming increasingly frustrated with the commercial pet food industry in about, 2003, I started making my cats’ food. See Making Cat Food for more information. I got tired of dealing with all of the pros and cons associated with the commercial options and the ‘unknowns.’ However, putting my controlling nature aside, let’s move forward into the commercial pet food world. When reading this section, two words need to be firmly in your mind: composition (the percentage of protein, fat, and carbohydrate in the food) ingredients. Unfortunately, pet food labels are not held to the same standard as human food labels. This means that pet food labels are seriously lacking in usable information when compared to a package of food for a human. The “guaranteed analysis” numbers that you find on how to references for a research, a can of food for protein, fat, and water (moisture) are listed as “minimums” and essay, “maximums” which, by atticus finch father, definition, are inaccurate. Plus, the essay argumentation, labels never list the carbohydrate amount which is very frustrating because we are trying to stay under 10% carbohydrate calories. This makes it impossible to accurately evaluate the food in how to references research, terms of composition unless you are willing to call the company and argumentation, ask for their ‘ typical nutrient analysis ‘ which is data that comes from testing an outline of the proposed thesis, actual batch of food. During the argumentation, summer of 2012, I spent over 1,000 hours calling.

45 pet food companies to gather data for my Cat Food Composition chart. References For A. However, understand that pet food companies can change their formulations at any point in time so if you desire the essay about argumentation, most up-to-date information, you will need to outline of the proposed thesis, call the individual companies. The ingredient list can help us out – but only in argumentation, some ways. Outline Thesis. For instance, if you do not see high carbohydrate ingredients such as grains, potatoes, peas, etc., listed on the label, it is a safe bet that the food is about low in atticus, carbohydrates. However, if these high carbohydrate ingredients are listed, you have no idea of the essay, amount in the food and, therefore, no knowledge of the carbohydrate level. Without knowing the actual amount of each ingredient, we have no indication of the impact of the ingredient on the nutritional profile of the food. Only the composition value will answer that question. Romeo Essay Imagery. This is why it is important to not just consider the list of ingredients but to about argumentation, also look at romeo and juliet the Cat Food Composition chart, or call the essay argumentation, company for dissertations, the information. A good example of the above issue is a food like canned Wellness.

At first glance, this food may be dismissed as inappropriate for a carnivore because it contains several high carbohydrate ingredients in essay, the form of finch father fruits and vegetables, including potatoes which are very high in essay argumentation, starch (carbohydrate). However, the low carbohydrate level (3-5%) tells us that the amount of fruits and vegetables is essay very low. Again, we would like to stay under 10% of calories coming from carbohydrates. Grains and potatoes should be absent from essay argumentation a cat’s diet but, unfortunately, they are cheap so they are included in many commercial cat foods. Think ‘profit margin’. Grains/potatoes are cheaper than meat. Stay away from food with gravy and sauces because they usually use high carbohydrate thickeners. Soy contains phytoestrogens and soy also negatively influences the thyroid gland. Given how common hyperthyroidism is in the cat, soy has no business being in cat food.

Unfortunately, soy is atticus finch essay a common ingredient used by essay about argumentation, many pet food manufacturers – especially Purina – because it enhances their profit margin. When considering allergies , the about policies, ingredient list is useful since we don’t care how much of the offending ingredient is in the food. The bottom line is that we don’t want any of the essay about argumentation, ingredient to essay about proud of yourself, be present. Fish/seafood, beef, lamb, corn, wheat, and soy tend to be the most hyperallergenic ingredients for the cat – especially fish/seafood. By-products are always a controversial subject but it makes much more sense to feed animal-based by-products to a cat than it does to essay about, feed grains or potatoes. Therefore, do not shy away from the more economical foods like Friskies or 9-Lives if you cannot afford the more expensive canned foods without by-products. I would much rather see a cat eating an all-by-product canned food than any dry food. This is because even the cheaper canned foods have the ‘Big Three’ covered: 1) high in water. 2) usually low in carbohydrates.

3) the atticus essay, protein is from animals – not plants. By-products are not necessarily low quality protein sources. In fact, they can be extremely nutritious. Essay. However, there is more variability when quality is being considered when compared to how to write for a research paper, muscle meat. By-products are discussed in more detail on the Commercial Foods page in this section. The higher priced canned foods that I referenced above, have a muscle meat listed as the first ingredient. A muscle meat will be listed as “chicken,” or “turkey,” etc., not “chicken by-products” or “chicken by-product meal,” or “chicken broth” or “liver”.

“Chicken meal” is technically a muscle meat but the essay about, term “meal” denotes that it has been rendered (cooked for research, a long time at essay about very high temperatures) and is lower in how to research paper, quality than meat that has not been as heavily processed. A “meal” product is essay more commonly found in dry foods. By-products can include feet, intestines, feathers, egg shells, etc., which are less nutritious (less biologically valuable/digestible) than meat. Avoid foods listing “liver” as a first ingredient. Thesis. (Example: Purina’s prescription diet DM canned for feline diabetic patients. There are far better options available that are healthier and not as expensive.) Liver is a very nutritious organ meat – and should be present in small amounts – but it should never be the first ingredient as it is very high in vitamin A and possibly D and you don’t want to feed too much of essay argumentation those vitamins. Liver is cheaper than muscle meat so it will increase a company’s profit margin when used in high amounts. Preservatives are important ingredients that we need to pay attention to.

BHA, BHT, and ethoxyquin are extremely questionable in terms of how to write for a safety. Please note that Hill’s has always used BHT, and ethoxyquin in essay about, many of and juliet essay their products although recently I have noticed that these chemicals have been removed from some of their foods. Be sure to essay about, check the current labels. Other companies abandoned the practice of finch father using these chemicals as preservatives long ago – opting for more natural and safer methods. Also, please take note of a recent deceptive move by Hill’s whereby they have incorporated into their labeling the word “maize” as a substitute for the word “corn”. Maize IS corn and since this company is about well aware of the fact that consumers are becoming more savvy about pet food ingredients, they have decided to try to disguise the corn in their diets by calling it “maize”. Hill’s is imagery hoping that consumers stay ignorant regarding the about argumentation, fact that maize is corn. I do not use products made by Hill’s (including their over-the-counter and “Prescription Diets”) since there are always healthier options available.

Marketing labels such as “ natural, ” or “ premium, ” or “ veterinarian recommended, ” or “prescription” are not necessarily indicative of high quality so please be careful not to fall into that trap. “ Indoor only ” is another meaningless marketing label that is nothing more than an enticing gimmick. Of The. This label originally started out in the dry food market but it has now made its way to canned food labels. Essay About. Cats did not stop being obligate carnivores just because we put a roof over romeo imagery, their heads. If you are thinking about feeding any ‘breed-specific’ food, please see this link for some straight-forward comments about the utterly absurd claims that these companies make regarding these diets. A Siamese is no different from Persian or a Maine Coon – or an ‘alley cat’ – when considering optimal dietary composition. No matter the breed, the about argumentation, cat is essay imagery still an obligate carnivore. Royal Canin was one of the first companies to come out with these breed specific diets as a marketing gimmick. The labels on Hill’s over-the-counter products contain a statement that says “Veterinarian Recommended.” Unfortunately, many of about my colleagues do, indeed, recommend products made by of yourself, Hill’s (as well as Purina, Iams, and Royal Canin) and this is a testament to the fact that most veterinarians are not well-versed in proper feline nutrition and simply defer to these large companies that have huge marketing budgets. These large budgets include substantial sums of about money dedicated to essay imagery, sponsoring – including very heavy advertising – our professional meetings and infiltrating veterinary schools to essay about argumentation, get students ‘married’ to their products.

Keep in mind that a large marketing budget does not equate with the manufacturing of outline high quality or healthy products. Let’s move on to the veterinarian ‘prescribed’ diets which are also known as “therapeutic” or “prescription” diets. “ Prescription/therapeutic diet ” is another label that is certainly not indicative of argumentation a high quality diet or one that is necessary. These diets represent an area of the commercial cat food industry that is very misleading and, quite frankly, a source of embarrassment for this profession. Many of these very expensive products contain corn, wheat, and references for a research, soy which have no logical place in your cat’s diet. These diets are often very high in carbohydrates and, of course, all of the dry versions are water-depleted . Many of essay about argumentation them also contain by-products as the main – and about policies, often only – source of protein. While by-products can be very nutritious (and this really is the least of my concerns regarding these diets), they are cheaper than muscle meat so one would think that as much as these diets cost, the companies could include some muscle meat, in addition to by-products, for a more consistent source of high quality protein. (See by-products on the Commercial Food page for more details.) Study the ingredient list for Hill’s dry i/d while keeping in argumentation, mind that cats are obligate carnivores. This dry food is references for a research paper 29% carbohydrates on a dry matter basis and essay, is, of course, water-depleted.

The ingredients are as follows: Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Powdered Cellulose, Dried Chicken, Chicken Liver Flavor. The base ingredients and romeo essay imagery, composition mirror those of about argumentation many dry foods found in pet stores and thesis school, supermarkets. Also, this is essay about a very good example of the ingredient splitting rule. Essay Being Of Yourself. This rule states that ingredients have to about argumentation, be listed very specifically which works in references research paper, the pet food manufacturers’ favor.

It allows the grain fractions to be broken up into smaller components which places them lower on the list since ingredients are listed by weight. However, when all of the about, grain fractions are added up, their contribution to the diet (including the protein content) often greatly outweighs the first ingredient . I have asked many times on VIN (Veterinary Information Network – the who’s who of references for a research veterinary specialists from all over essay argumentation, the world) just what makes this diet worthy of being called a “Prescription Diet for Feline Gastrointestinal Health” or, for that matter, what makes it an optimal diet to essay about being proud, feed to any cat? I have never received an answer and the VIN threads have had Hill’s representatives participating. My questions about the quality and composition of their prescription diets are always met with dead silence. It is important to note that most of essay argumentation these diets do not have robust clinical feeding studies supporting their safety for long-term feeding or even for use in treating the various diseases they target. On the contrary, we have plenty of evidence to show that feeding water-depleted, high carbohydrate, plant-based diets to carnivores does not honor their carnivorous make-up but, instead, promotes disease in this species. It is also critical to understand that there is no independent agency overseeing these diets’ medical claims. None.

Zero. Including the FDA. The fox is definitely guarding the henhouse and essay about being proud, the FDA shows no interest in argumentation, remedying the situation. The FDA has ‘punted’ the responsibility of thesis policies scrutinizing these diets for about, efficacy, safety, and suitability to the veterinarian but most veterinarians are very poorly educated in the area of nutrition. Essay About Proud Of Yourself. This field of study is not emphasized in veterinary schools and the minimal course work that is required, is often taught by essay, people who have strong ties to the pet food industry. These are also usually the of the, same people who are advising general practitioners on all matters of argumentation nutrition. After recognizing this situation, you will see an obvious and very significant conflict of interest. In the end, the members of my profession allow Hill’s, Purina, Iams, and Royal Canin to dictate what ends up in our patients’ food bowls. Here is an excerpt from the outline proposed thesis, “ Veterinarian-Prescribed Diets/OTC Options” paper that I am working on: ‘Prescription Diet’ trademark – marketing tool creates false perception. As an example of the serious lack of regulatory oversight, Hill’s secured trademark status for essay about, the term “prescription diet” in 1990 thus reinforcing the perception that, like prescription medications, their diets are subject to intense scrutiny and testing.

However, nothing could be further from the truth. There is a strong argument to be made that no trademark protection should be granted for any marketing label containing the word “prescription” given the strong potential to seduce the buyers of these products into a false sense of pre k dissertations security growing out of the assumption that anything labeled “prescription” has been put through multiple layers of regulatory and testing paces. If any product – including food – is essay allowed to carry a “prescription” label, it needs to be held to pre k, the same standards as a prescription medication. Otherwise, the word “prescription” becomes no more than a marketing label, and as such, should hold no more credibility than any other marketing slogan. To quote the FDA/CVM Communications Staff Deputy Director: “‘Prescription diet’ is an industry-coined term and argumentation, holds no legal meaning.” In other words, these diets contain no ingredient that actually requires a prescription. And Juliet Essay. The trademarked term “prescription diet” is simply a clever marketing tool between Hill’s and veterinarians . The sale of these diets is restricted (by Hill’s, not by essay, law) to veterinarians only. In return, Hill’s enjoys a boost in perception of pre k dissertations quality brought about by this profession’s endorsement of their products. However, this perception of quality is undeserved and this incestuous relationship jeopardizes the integrity of our profession. I want to make it clear that probably 99% of all veterinarians who ‘prescribe’ these diets truly feel that they are doing the best for their patients. About. The companies (Hill’s, Purina, Iams, Royal Canin) that manufacture the ‘alphabet’ diets have done a wonderful job marketing their products to veterinarians, making it difficult to refrain from falling into the trap of using them.

These companies make it very easy for atticus finch, us. If a cat comes in with kidney disease? We can just grab k/d, or NF, or LP without any critical thought. If a cat comes in with a urinary tract problem? Easy – take some c/d off the shelf. Given a veterinarian’s busy schedule and essay about, stressful life, one can see just how seductive the romeo essay imagery, use of the about argumentation, ‘alphabet’ diets are. However, contrary to romeo essay, what is often believed by both the veterinarian and the client, the about, ‘therapeutic/prescription’ diets sold in veterinary hospitals are not formulated for of yourself, optimal health of a carnivore and, in many cases, are actually detrimental to the patient’s health.

In addition, they are simply not necessary and do not optimally address the about, problems they claim to dissertations, treat. Add to this the very high price tag on these diets and we have what I consider to be a very big ‘black eye’ for the profession. The only essay about argumentation, time I ever use a prescription diet (canned s/d) is atticus father discussed here on the Urinary Tract Health page. Canned s/d is occasionally used but only temporarily ( 2-4 weeks) pending re-evaluation of the patient. Instead of argumentation defaulting to the ‘alphabet’ diets, I can always find an over-the-counter diet or formulate a homemade recipe for my patients that leaves more money in the client’s wallet and much better nutrition in the cat’s food bowl. Regarding making cat food: People often overestimate what it takes to make a nutritious meal for finch essay, their cat and assume that it means slaving away in the kitchen every day. Essay Argumentation. I can assure you, it is much easier than that. Since 2003, I have spent a few hours in the kitchen 4-6 times a year making food for my cats which is a very small price to pay for the control that I have over what goes into outline their food bowls. I do not feed any commercial food to my own cats and I would definitely never feed them any “prescription” diets. I would love to essay about argumentation, see veterinarians stop being so ‘married’ to atticus essay, the diets they reach for every day and learn the basics of optimal feline nutrition and start considering the use of higher quality, lower cost, over-the-counter – or homemade – diets. Essay About Argumentation. Their patients – and and juliet, their clients’ bank account – will be a lot better off for it.

Common Feline Health Problems and Their Ties to Diet. There is a very strong and extremely logical connection between the way that we are currently feeding our obligate carnivores and many of the life-threatening diseases that afflict them. Diabetes: Diabetes is a very serious – and essay, difficult to manage – disease that is not uncommon in outline of the proposed, cats. Essay About. We do not know all of the causes of about of yourself this complex disease but what we do know is that many diabetic cats cease needing insulin or have their insulin needs significantly decrease once their dietary carbohydrate level is decreased to about argumentation, a more species-appropriate level than that found in many commercial foods. Given this fact, and given what we know about how the cat processes carbohydrates, it is atticus not a stretch to say that high carbohydrate diets could very well be a significant factor in causing diabetes in some cats. Please see this paper discussing the elevated blood glucose in cats after eating a high carbohydrate meal: There are countless cases of essay argumentation successful diabetic remission when cat caregivers remove all dry food and school, all high carbohydrate canned food from their cat’s diet. In addition to the issue of carbohydrates and how they affect the blood sugar level of some cats, dry food is very calorie dense, is very palatable, and is usually free-fed.

This often leads to obesity . Fat cells produce a substance that makes the other cells in about argumentation, the body resistant to insulin. This promotes the diabetic state. It is very important to understand the impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on the insulin needs of a diabetic cat. If you have decided to start feeding your diabetic cat a low carbohydrate diet, please do not change the diet until you review my Feline Diabetes page – especially the thesis about school, STOP sign section – otherwise you will be putting your cat in essay about, danger. Please also be aware that many veterinarians underestimate the favorable impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on how to write research, the insulin needs of the patient and they do not lower the insulin dose enough. About. If the insulin is not lowered accordingly, an romeo and juliet essay, overdose of insulin will occur which can be life-threatening. I strongly suggest that all caretakers of diabetic cats home-test to argumentation, monitor blood glucose levels using a standard glucometer as a matter of pre k dissertations routine. Essay About Argumentation. Careful monitoring is especially important when implementing a diet change.

Many veterinarians prescribe expensive diets such as Purina DM (Diabetes Management) and Hill’s m/d but you can do much better for about, your cat (and your pocketbook) by about argumentation, feeding other more nutritious – and lower carbohydrate – canned foods. See the Cat Food Composition chart. Dissertations. You should aim for a diet that derives less than 10% of its calories from carbohydrates. The less expensive foods like Friskies, 9-Lives, and Fancy Feast are also fine to feed. Kidney Disease (CKD – formerly called “CRF”) : Chronic kidney disease is probably the leading cause of mortality in essay, the cat. It is how to for a troubling to think about the role that chronic dehydration may play in causing or exacerbating feline kidney disease. And remember, cats have a less than optimal water balance – especially CKD cats that are losing a lot of water via their ‘leaky’ kidneys – when they are on a diet of predominantly dry food. About. The prescription dry ‘renal diets’ such as Hill’s k/d – which are commonly prescribed by veterinarians – contain only a small amount of moisture ( 10% versus 78% for essay being proud, canned food) leaving your cat in a less than optimal state of water balance.

I have no other word for about, dry ‘renal’ diets other than “atrocious” given their water-depletion, low protein amount, and the low biological value of the protein (plant vs animal-based) that they are comprised of. References For A. I would have to about argumentation, be stranded on a desert island with no other food source before I would ever consider feeding these diets to dissertations, any cat in about, my care. Regarding hydration, I must say that I find it truly amazing when I hear about the very large numbers of cats receiving subcutaneous fluids while being maintained on a diet of dry food. About Being. This is an extremely illogical and unhealthy practice and every attempt should be made to get these cats on a diet that contains a higher moisture content. Please also note the following list of the first four ingredients of Hill’s dry k/d after reviewing this section on reading a pet food label – and bearing in mind that your cat is a carnivore.

This diet (or any other dry ‘renal’ diet) would never find its way into a food bowl owned by essay, any cat in my care. The first three ingredients are not even a source of meat and references research paper, the fourth ingredient is a by-product meal which is not necessarily an unhealthy source of protein but it would be nice to see some muscle meat (“chicken”) in this product. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), chicken by-product meal. The purpose of about argumentation this ‘prescription’ diet is to how to write references for a, restrict protein which, unfortunately, it certainly does. However, please understand that there are no studies showing that restricting protein to essay about argumentation, this level will prevent further deterioration of kidney function.

‘Renal’ diets restrict protein to the point that many cats – those that are not consuming enough of the diet to thesis about, provide their daily protein calorie needs – will catabolize (use for fuel) their own muscle mass which results in essay about, muscle wasting and weight loss. This internal breakdown of the cat’s own muscle mass will cause an increase in creatinine (and BUN) which needs to be cleared by the kidneys. The rise in creatinine and about school policies, BUN, and muscle wasting, can lead to an often-erroneous conclusion that the patient’s CKD is worsening. Of course, the same deterioration can occur in any cat that is essay not consuming enough protein, but the about school policies, level of protein in these diets is not only at an extremely low level , it is in an incomplete form for a carnivore . Note that they are often made up mainly of plant proteins – not meat proteins – especially the argumentation, dry versions. Cystitis (bladder inflammation), Urethral Blockage, Bladder/Kidney Stones: Please see Feline Urinary Tract Health for a more detailed discussion. The first paragraph on that webpage states: If I could have the how to references research, reader take away just one word from this discussion, it would be “water”.

If your cat is on a properly hydrated diet of essay about 100% canned food – and thesis school, no dry food – you stand a very good chance of never needing to essay argumentation, read this webpage. Cystitis is an extremely common and very painful problem in atticus finch father, the cat. Essay Argumentation. Stones are also very common and can lead to a life-threatening urinary tract blockage. I sincerely hope that these pictures of Opie make a huge impact on anyone who is still not convinced that dry food causes significant suffering in many cats. Rest assured that veterinarians deal with blocked cats extremely frequently which is heartbreaking considering how rarely cats block when on atticus essay, all canned food – especially with added water.

Cystitis can lead to essay argumentation, inappropriate urination (urinating outside of the litter box) and stones can cause a fatal rupture of the bladder by blocking the outflow of urine. Any cat that is repeatedly entering the litter box but not voiding any urine is in need of IMMEDIATE medical attention! This is how to write references research one reason why it is so important to use a clumping (scoopable) litter. Clumping litter allows you to see just how much, if any, urine is being voided. It is important to note, however, that “crystals” are not the essay argumentation, same thing as stones.

Crystals are often a normal finding in a cat’s urine and it is not necessarily appropriate to put the cat on essay about being of yourself, a “special urinary tract” formula when these are found in the urine. Important: I often see too much clinical significance placed on about argumentation, the identification of crystals in the urine without regard to how the urine sample was handled. It is very important to understand that crystals will often form once outside of the romeo essay imagery, body within a very short (30-60 minutes) period of time. If the veterinarian does not examine the urine right away and either sends it to an outside laboratory or uses a free-catch sample that the owner brought from home, an erroneous diagnosis of crystals may be made. About Argumentation. This is called a “false positive” report and results in unnecessary worry on the part of the owner and often leads to pre k dissertations, the cat being placed on an inappropriate, low quality diet. With regard to overall kidney and bladder health, I cannot stress strongly enough how important water is in both the prevention and treatment of about diseases involving this organ system.

When a cat is on essay being proud, a diet of water-depleted dry food, they produce a more highly concentrated urine (higher urine specific gravity – USG) and they produce a lower volume of urine (often half of what a cat on canned food produces) which means that a higher concentration of crystals will be present in the urine. This increases the chance of these crystals forming life-threatening stones. Argumentation. It is also thought that the highly concentrated urine may be very irritating to the bladder wall in some cats, predisposing them to painful cystitis. Please keep in mind that a cat has a very low thirst drive and is designed to get water with their food. Essay About Being Proud Of Yourself. A diet of essay about argumentation canned food will keep a proper amount of water flowing through the urinary tract system and finch, help maintain its health. Adding 1-2 TBS of water (plain or flavored – such as tuna water, clam juice, chicken or beef broth) per meal is also very beneficial. Argumentation. Make your own tuna water by taking one can of tuna and mixing the contents into 3 cups of water. Mash it up and pre k, let it sit for. 15 minutes. Pour the water into about covered ice cube trays.

Freeze to atticus, prolong the freshness. Use covered trays to about, keep the water tasting and thesis about school, smelling fresh. Water fountains may also help cats consume more water but feeding a water-rich diet is much more effective in increasing your cat’s water intake than water fountains or multiple bowls of water sitting around your house. If you are still worrying about small amounts of crystals in your cat’s urine, consider this analogy: Crystals in cat urine are as normal as the about argumentation, leaves that fall on pre k, your driveway. However, if you don’t regularly hose down or sweep your driveway, those leaves will build up and pretty soon you will not be able to get your car out of the garage.

This is what happened to Opie above. Essay About. His ‘driveway’ (urethra) got blocked and he was unable to essay about of yourself, pass any urine resulting in a tremendous amount of about suffering and romeo and juliet, a life threatening situation. If you picture crystals as the leaves in argumentation, this analogy, it is dissertations easy to about argumentation, see how canned food does a better job of flushing out how to write references research paper your cat’s bladder – several times each day – than dry food does. To repeat, crystals are not necessarily an about argumentation, abnormal finding in thesis school policies, cat urine. However, they can become a problem if Man continues to insist on feeding the cat a water-depleted diet. Mindy and Mikie.

Urine pH is also often considered when discussing urinary tract problems but we really need to stop focusing so heavily on pH. Essay About. Again, a proper amount of water in the diet is the important issue here – not urine pH. Many of the often-prescribed feline lower urinary tract diets are formulated to make the urine acidic but it is thought that these low magnesium, acidifying diets may actually exacerbate painful cystitis. Also, these acidifying diets often end up promoting calcium oxylate stone formation and can also lead to how to paper, hypokalemia (low potassium in about, the blood) which can cause or exacerbate kidney disease. It is also important to note – for those people still stuck on worrying about the being proud of yourself, urine pH – that there are many factors which determine the about, pH of urine and only one of them is about policies diet. Urine pH varies throughout the day and using one pH measurement from a single urine sample is very misleading and is not terribly helpful information. With regard to about, dry food and about being of yourself, urinary tract health, aside from the lack of water in this type of diet, there is about also a correlation between the consumption of a high carbohydrate diet and the formation of how to write for a paper struvite crystals as shown by essay, this study because carbohydrate diets promote an alkaline urine. Veterinarians often prescribe Hill’s Prescription dry c/d for urinary tract problems but again, these diets are only ten percent water and contain a high level of romeo and juliet imagery species-inappropriate ingredients and questionable preservatives.

They are also very high in carbohydrates with dry c/d containing 42 percent of its dry weight as carbohydrates. Please note the first few ingredients in c/d while remembering that your cat is essay about argumentation a carnivore: Brewers rice, chicken by-product meal, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid),chicken liver flavor, taurine, preserved with BHT and BHA. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, chicken by-product meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), chicken, chicken liver flavor, fish oil, Note that Hill’s removed the BHA and essay being proud, BHT but are now using more corn gluten meal and less chicken by-product meal. Diet is not the only issue involved with cystitis but it is an important one and about, one that we can control. Stress is also thought to play a very significant role in cystitis and even cats that are fed a 100 percent canned food diet may experience bouts of cystitis. This is a very frustrating disease to deal with and one that the veterinary community does not have all the answers for. What we do know is that decreasing stress and increasing the water content of the outline of the proposed thesis, diet are the most important management issues to about argumentation, address. The water content of the pre k, diet is easy to control – feed canned food with added water. The stress issue is another matter and is not always easy to address since cats can be very sensitive and essay about argumentation, are often ‘silent’ in their stress.

Cystitis can be extremely painful and it is very important to address pain management in these cats. Being Proud Of Yourself. Remember: pain = stress and we are trying to about argumentation, minimize the stress in these patients. Buprenex is romeo and juliet a good choice for a pain medication and essay, I often dispense it for the client to have on hand for essay about of yourself, chronic cystitis patients – as long as the client understand the critical importance of close monitoring of the patient to make sure he is passing urine and is not obstructed. Essay About. (I say “he” because males have a long, narrow urethra and are much more apt to block than females but females can also experience an father, obstructed urethra.) Buprenex is superior to Torbugesic which has been used for essay argumentation, pain management in romeo and juliet, the cat in the past. (Burprenex is a prescription medication that you must get from your veterinarian.) Unfortunately, many veterinarians overlook pain medications as a very important part of the treatment of this common feline problem. A very important note on antibiotic usage in these cases: Most cases of essay argumentation cystitis are sterile. In other words, they are not the for a paper, result of an infection and the patient should not be placed on antibiotics. 1% of cats with cystitis that are under 10 years of age have a urinary tract infection, yet many veterinarians place these patients on essay argumentation, antibiotics when these drugs are not warranted . Most cats under 10 years of age produce a very concentrated urine (USG greater than 1.035) and bacteria do not grow well in concentrated urine. In cats over 10 years of age, infections are more common but that still does not mean that older cats with cystitis should automatically be put on antibiotics. The reason that an and juliet essay, older cat is more prone to urinary tract infections is essay about because kidney disease is more common in this age group and so these cats will have a more dilute urine which is not as hostile to bacterial growth. Diabetes and hyperthyroidism are also more common in cats over 10 years of age and both disease render the about being of yourself, patient more prone to urinary tract infections.

20% – or less – of all older cats that present with lower urinary tract signs (see Feline Urinary Tract Health – Cystitis) actually have an infection so. 80% of essay about argumentation this age group exhibiting these clinical signs do not need to be put on antibiotics. A urine culture and sensitivity (C S) should be run to check for proposed, an infection, especially if the about argumentation, patient has a low urine specific gravity or is diabetic. It must be kept in outline of the proposed thesis, mind that even with a low USG, most cases of cystitis are not due to about, an infection. This is why it is thesis important to run a C S before placing the patient on antibiotics. Antibiotics are NOT harmless drugs and they need to be used with more critical thought than is currently happening in both human and veterinary medicine. This is especially true of Convenia . Please do not allow that drug to be injected into your cat without reading my Convenia webpage first. A C S test identifies the bacteria (if present) and tells the veterinarian which antibiotic is appropriate. The urine for a C S needs to be obtained by way of cystocentesis which involves using a syringe and needle to obtain urine directly from the bladder. This is not a painful procedure for essay about argumentation, the cat and this method is the references research, only way to obtain a sample for accurate information in order to properly treat with antibiotics. One problem, however, is argumentation that a sample may be difficult to atticus, obtain without waiting a couple of hours since cats with cystitis urinate frequently and often do not have enough urine in their bladder to get a good sample.

To get around this problem, your veterinarian can give the your cat a dose of subcutaneous (just under the skin) fluids. The patient is then put into a cage without a litter box. Within a couple of hours (or less), the bladder is essay usually full enough to obtain a urine sample via cystocentesis. We have to stop treating all cases of and juliet imagery cystitis with antibiotics without supporting evidence of an infection! Cystitis will often recur in these patients and this painful health problem can be very frustrating to deal with.

On a good note, most cats will have their clinical signs spontaneously resolve even without any treatment. Argumentation. In fact, it has often been said, jokingly, that a cat with cystitis will often stop exhibiting clinical signs within seven days with antibiotics and in outline of the thesis, one week without antibiotics. Unfortunately, when people don’t understand this issue, antibiotics often get the credit when they had nothing to do with the patient’s improvement. When this happens, the abuse of antibiotics continues. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): IBD can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and/or constipation in the cat. IBD can also present with weight loss as the only clinical sign. There are many unanswered questions with respect to this disease process, but it is logical to essay, start to “treat” a gastrointestinal problem in the cat with a species-appropriate diet considering that it is food that ‘bathes’ the problem area. Too often these cats are treated with a high level of steroids and a prescription grain-laden dry food diet.

I feel very strongly that this common therapeutic regimen dismisses the very significant role that a proper diet plays in about being proud, our IBD patients. There are an impressive number of anecdotal reports of cats that were terribly ill with IBD that exhibit dramatic improvement when all dry food was removed from their diet and a grain-free/low-carb canned food was fed instead. Taking it even one step further, there are many reports of cats with IBD that improved tremendously on a balanced homemade diet. (See Making Cat Food for a balanced recipe.) Some cats do need steroids (temporary or long-term) but we need to focus more heavily on essay about argumentation, feeding these patients an appropriate diet rather than simply relying on immunosuppressive medications. Robbie had severe diarrhea for outline of the proposed, two years until put on a species-appropriate homemade diet. Hairballs: The frequent vomiting of hairballs can be a symptom of IBD. About. “Frequent” is hard to romeo, define, in this case, but if your cat is vomiting hairballs on a weekly basis do not just assume that this is about argumentation simply normal feline behavior. I often receive emails asking what the best diet is to feed to pre k, cats suffering from hairballs. The bottom line is that as much hair as possible should be prevented from getting into the cat in the first place.

This is accomplished with daily brushing or, in some cases, shaving the cat if hairballs are creating serious problems. Amber loves going naked in argumentation, the summertime. I understand that shaving cats is not an romeo essay imagery, easy task and argumentation, is, therefore, not a ‘quick fix’ for this problem but it is an option for serious cases. Amber can only be shaved when she is under general anesthesia. Therefore, almost every summer she gets a dental cleaning and body shave to keep her comfortable during the hot summer months. She never had a problem with hairballs even with a full coat but she is a lot happier without her long hair when the weather is hot. Hairball problems are not just associated with long hair coats.

Shorthaired cats – especially double-coated cats – can also have problems with hairballs. Romeo And Juliet. However, a healthy intestinal tract should be able to deal with hair normally ingested by the cat. That said, if we want to help our cats out in this area, we need to brush them daily. Trying to essay about argumentation, ‘chase’ hair after it has gained entrance into the cat’s intestinal tract is futile. Diet is not the answer and neither are any of the ‘hairball remedies’ on the market. As one well-respected feline medicine specialist often states “this is not a grease deficiency!”

Obesity: Obesity is an extremely common and very serious health problem in cats. Overweight cats are four times more likely to pre k, develop diabetes than cats that are at an optimal weight. Bennie before being rescued Obese cats cannot clean themselves properly resulting in painful skin inflammation in essay about argumentation, their perineal area Just after I broke Bennie out of jail Obese cats suffer from painful orthopedic problems Mindy and Molly – just after Molly discovered how good canned food is for her obese but carnivorous body. Obligate carnivores are designed to meet their energy needs with a high protein, moderate fat diet with little to no carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are minimally used for energy and those that are not used are converted to and stored as fat. The so-called “light” diets that are on the market have targeted the fat content as the romeo and juliet, nutrient to be decreased. The choice is then to raise either the protein or carbohydrate content of the about, diet, or both.

Since animal-based protein (meat and organs) is more expensive than carbohydrates (grains/potatoes/peas), pet food manufacturers raise the carbohydrate levels in these foods making them very species-inappropriate and and juliet, unhealthy. An optimal weight loss diet should be: high in protein (over 40% of calories), moderate in fat (under 50% of calories), low in carbohydrates (under 10% of essay calories), and high in water. When looking at outline of the thesis the Cat Food Composition chart, you will note that there are not many examples of this profile. Why? Because fat is cheaper than protein. The calories from protein + fat + carbs must = 100%. If the carbs are kept below 10%, that leaves 90-95% of the calories to be divided between protein and fat. Protein is essay argumentation expensive.

Fat is cheap. Therefore, low carb diets are usually high in fat. Examples of nice profiles include Friskies Classic Pates, some Fancy Feast varieties, Weruva Paw Lickin’ Chicken, Tiki Puka Puka Luau, and about policies, Tiki Koolina Luau. You will notice that many of the higher protein diets are fish-based but it is not a good idea to feed fish to cats. Or, at least not as their main diet. Fish can be high in mercury, high in PBDEs (fire retardant chemicals linked to hyperthyroidism), high in phosphorus (not good for older cats’ kidneys) and essay about, can be very addicting. It is best to feed poultry-based diets to about, cats. Water content of the diet is very important. Studies have shown that cats lose weight much easier on canned food versus dry. Dry food is very calorically dense and is high in essay about argumentation, carbohydrates which are not as satisfying to a cat as protein is.

Many cats on the commercial ‘light’ or ‘less active’ diets either do not lose weight or do lose weight but also lose muscle mass along with the loss of fat. Essay About Being Of Yourself. This is not our goal. The goal is to lose fat while maintaining muscle mass. In several studies, cats fed a high protein/low carbohydrate diet lost weight but maintained their lean body mass in essay argumentation, comparison to pre k, cats fed a high carbohydrate/low fat diet. Many caretakers feed very small amounts of these “light” diets hoping that their cat will lose weight. However, feeding a small amount of a diet that is inappropriate for the species is not the answer! The caretaker often ends up with either a crabby, overweight cat or a thinner cat that may have lost too much muscle mass.

See Molly’s and argumentation, Bennie’s story of pre k weight loss on essay about, this site’s Feline Obesity page to read about how these sweet cats went from write research inactive obese cats that could barely walk or clean themselves to healthier, happier felines. Molly had great difficulty walking and cleaning herself due to essay about, her obese condition which was brought on by the pre k dissertations, consumption of dry food. Kittens, however, loved using her for a pillow. Molly’s veterinarian had prescribed Hill’s Prescription dry r/d for her and instructed her caretaker to feed Molly only about, very small portions – and to put a shock collar on finch father essay, her to essay argumentation, keep her away from her housemates’ food. This is obviously not sound – or humane – obesity management advice. Hill’s Prescription r/d is a very poor quality, high carbohydrate (35%) diet that contains the following inappropriate and unhealthy ingredients including a high level of thesis about school policies fiber which a feline intestinal tract is not designed to process: Chicken by-product meal, corn meal, powdered cellulose 18.5% (a source of essay argumentation fiber),corn gluten meal, chicken liver flavor, vegetable oil, taurine, L-carnitine, preserved with BHT, BHA and ethoxyquin.

Brewers Rice, Chicken By-Product Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Chicken Liver Flavor, Soybean Oil. Note that Hill’s removed the about, BHA and argumentation, BHT but a plant-based protein is now the predominant protein source instead of an animal-based protein. This diet is even more unhealthy than it used to be. There are much more species appropriate – and less expensive – ways to address feline obesity. However, if you are contemplating the use of the thesis, grain-free, high protein/low carb dry foods, please understand that these diets are very calorie-dense and essay argumentation, often lead to weight gain , in addition to being detrimental to urinary tract health because of references research paper their water-depletion. Hepatic Lipidosis (Fatty Liver Disease): This is the most common metabolic liver disease of cats. Cats that go longer than. 3 days without eating, for essay, any reason, are in danger of pre k dissertations developing this serious, and often fatal, disease. Even though thin cats can end up with hepatic lipidosis, overweight cats are much more prone to experiencing this disease.

Feeding a high-protein, low-carbohydrate canned diet helps keep cats at about argumentation an optimal, healthy body weight and, in turn, makes them less likely to outline, end up with fatty liver disease. Dental Disease: Long-standing claims that cats have less dental disease when they are fed dry food versus canned food are grossly overrated, inaccurate, and are not supported by studies. This frequently stated (among veterinarians and lay people) myth continues to harm cats by perpetuating the idea that their food bowls need to be filled up with an unhealthy diet in order to keep their teeth clean. The idea that dry food promotes dental health makes about as much sense as the idea that crunchy cookies would promote dental health in a human. First, dry food is essay about argumentation hard, but brittle, and merely shatters with little to no abrasive effect on atticus finch father, the teeth. Argumentation. Second, a cat’s jaws and teeth are designed for pre k dissertations, shearing and tearing meat – not biting down on dry kibble. Third, many cats swallow the majority of their dry food whole. There are many factors – known and unknown – that contribute to dental disease cats such as genetics, viruses, diet, and essay about argumentation, the fact that cats do not brush their teeth like humans do. There remain many unanswered questions concerning the fact that cats often suffer from poor dental health but one very obvious answer lies in the fact that humans feed cats a diet that does not even come close to what they would eat in their natural state. When cats consume their prey in the wild, they are tearing at pre k flesh, hide, bones, tendons, and ligaments. This is a far cry from the consistency of dry or canned food.

Neither dry kibble nor canned food comes close to mimicking a cat’s normal diet of mice, birds, rabbits, etc. Given what a cat does eat in nature, it makes much more sense to essay argumentation, be feeding part of the diet in the form of large chunks of meat (as large as you can get your cat to chew on) or gizzards (tough and fibrous) which a cat’s teeth are designed to chew. Raw meat is ‘tougher’ to chew than cooked meat so I prefer to use raw meat – or lightly baked to kill the surface bacteria – to promote dental health. See Making Cat Food – Dental Health. Notice the phrase “part of the diet” in thesis about school, the above sentence. It is very important to argumentation, understand that plain meat (ie – without bones or another source of calcium) is very unbalanced since there is minimal calcium in meat. Remember that when a cat eats his normal prey, he is consuming the bones along with the for a paper, meat. When fed as a supplement to argumentation, most commercial canned foods, it is safe to feed. 15 – 20% of the daily calories in the form of plain meat. For example, if a cat is eating 6 ounces of canned food per day, you could feed him 5 ounces of write references research paper canned food plus 1 ounce of chunked muscle meat per day. When people ask me “how often should my cats be fed chunks of meat?”, I reply “how often do you brush your own teeth?”

And speaking of brushing teeth , this is, by far, the essay, best way to promote your cat’s dental health. How To Paper. See this video for about argumentation, more information. Please pay close attention to the statement in the video regarding a thorough dental exam by references for a research, your veterinarian before starting a brushing program. Many cats have very painful mouths but show no outward signs of this pain. Essay About. If you try to brush your cat’s teeth in the face of a painful mouth, you will end up with a cat that is scared – along with developing a strong aversion to toothbrushes. If this aversion occurs, you may never get him to accept tooth brushing once you have addressed the romeo and juliet, painful mouth with your vet. With regard to essay argumentation, frequency, once-daily is optimal.

By the time 72 hours have passed, the film on the teeth becomes permanent so shoot for at least every other day. Please understand that I am not saying that canned food is necessarily better for teeth than dry food. For optimal dental health, a cat should not be eating either canned or dry food since neither food type promotes a healthy oral cavity but we have to work with what is practical in a typical home setting and feeding a cat a ‘whole carcass prey’ diet is not terribly practical – even if it would be great for their teeth. The compromise is to at least give them some muscle meat to chew on, in addition to brushing their teeth if possible, and to essay proud, stop fooling ourselves into thinking that dry food promotes dental health in our cats. I am often asked about ‘dental’ diets such as Hill’s t/d but if someone has read to essay about, this point on write for a research, this webpage, it will be understood that these diets represent the epitome of ‘tunnel vision’ nutrition. All ‘dental’ diets are all dry (water-depleted), all are all high in carbohydrates, and all contain species-inappropriate ingredients, and as such, even if they do impart any measurable effect on dental health, they wreak havoc on the rest of the body. It is wise to feed for about argumentation, the health of the *whole* cat, not just one part of him. Hill’s t/d (34% carbohydrates): Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Chicken Liver Flavor. Saint Molly never met a kitten she didn’t treat as her own. Feline Asthma/Allergic Airway Disease: Many cats have had their respiratory symptoms (coughing/difficulty breathing) subside considerably, or disappear completely, once they were placed on a grain-free canned food diet, or a meat-based homemade diet.

Some of outline of the these struggling cats may have been reacting to storage mites or cockroach antigens that are present in dry foods, or they may have been reacting to the gluten (protein fraction) part of the grains that are present in essay argumentation, dry foods. Sadly, many cats exhibiting debilitating lung disease are simply put on an immunosuppressive dose of steroids – while still being fed an inappropriate diet. While steroids are necessary in many cases of airway disease, they are not addressing the root of the problem which can, in many cases, be an finch father, allergy to proteins in the form of species-inappropriate grains, and insect antigens. Steroids can cause diabetes in cats and also render them vulnerable to infections from viruses, bacteria, and fungal agents so it is very important to make sure you have ruled out diet as a cause of the cat’s respiratory symptoms. Robbie and Calvin flexing their muscles. Dry food is far from essay a clean, safe, and pathogen-free source of food for how to write references paper, your cat. About Argumentation. Please see this section on my Making Cat Food page which details just a few of the many pet food recalls due to contamination of commercial pet food with deadly chemicals, bacteria (salmonella, etc.), fungal mycotoxins, and dissertations, storage mites. The issue of rancid fats in dry food is also discussed on essay about argumentation, the Making Cat Food page. Fungal mycotoxins are deadly chemicals produced by molds.

Molds are very common contaminants of grains but molds can be found in many different food sources. In mid January 2011, 200 cows died from eating moldy sweet potatoes that were mixed into pre k dissertations their feed. There is no doubt in argumentation, my mind that many cats and dogs have become ill from the contaminants that are often present in dry pet foods yet nobody (including the veterinarian and pet owner) puts 2 + 2 together and realizes that the diet is the source of the pet’s illness. Keep in mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for weeks or months before your pets consume them leading to increased bacterial growth and rancid fats. At the very least, dry food should be kept in the refrigerator but it is better to finch essay, just refrain from feeding this type of food completely. Transitioning Dry Food Addicts to Canned Food. This is the hard part. Cats, like children, often resist what is best for essay, them.

The two most frequent comments that I hear from people when trying to convince them to feed their cats a healthier diet are “my cat won’t eat canned food” and “but my cat really likes his dry food.” Children really like potato chips and ice cream but that certainly does not mean those food items constitute optimal nutrition. The transition process often involves much more than just plunking down a new food item. Write References Research Paper. Time, patience and tricks are often required. One reason that cats like dry food so much is because the pet food companies do not play fair when manufacturing this sub-optimal food source. They coat the kibble with extremely enticing animal digest sprays which are very pleasing to a cat – making a poor quality diet very desirable to essay about, the target animal. In addition to the aforementioned coating of dry food with animal digests, another issue is one of a crunchy texture which is very different from canned food.

Cats are very resistant to such a drastic change in the texture of of the thesis their food. If you are convinced that getting your cat off of dry food is the way to go, read on for some tips on how to accomplish this. The key is to do it slowly and essay about argumentation, with patience and incorporate various tricks for atticus essay, the stubborn cats. The most important issue is about argumentation actually making the pre k dissertations, change , not how fast you accomplish it. I must say that my cats tested every ounce of patience I had over a 3 + month period of time during their transition from dry to canned food.

They had been on dry food their entire lives and did not recognize canned food as food. About Argumentation. My cats ranged in age from 2 years to 10 years at the time of the transition. The single biggest mistake I see people make time and again is to say that their cat “won’t touch” the how to references, new food and then panic and fill up the bowl with dry food. In many cases, it is simply not that easy to essay about argumentation, get cats off of dry food. (See Molly’s Story for a look at one very stubborn cat.) There are two categories of cats – those that will eat canned food and how to for a research paper, those that will be extremely resistant to eating anything other than dry food. If your cat falls into the first category, lucky you. These cats will take to it with the attitude of “finally – an appropriate diet for my species.” In this case, if your cat has been on essay, all dry food, or only receives canned food as an occasional ‘treat’, start by about school policies, feeding canned food in essay argumentation, increasing amounts. Gradually decrease the romeo and juliet essay, dry, taking about a week to fully switch the cat over to 100 percent canned food. Some cats may experience softer stools during the transition. I do not worry if this happens and essay about, tend to essay, ‘ride it out.’ If diarrhea results from the diet change you will either need to experiment with different canned foods or slow the transition down and do it over a period of several weeks.

Note that in over 40 years spent in this profession, I have never met a cat that needed dry food to argumentation, stay healthy but some need to essay, be transitioned more slowly than others. The average cat should eat. 180 – 220 calories per day which will be found in 5-6 ounces of the argumentation, average canned food. However, note that high protein/low fat/low carb foods like Weruva Paw Lickin’ Chicken and some Tiki Cat varieties are very low in calories (see the Cat Food Composition chart – far right column) so you will need to feed much more than 5-6 ounces which can get quite expensive. The necessary daily caloric intake should be split between 3-4 meals/day (or just free-fed if they are not overweight). When determining how much you should be feeding your cat once transitioned to canned food, keep it simple. Too fat? Feed less. Too thin? Feed more. Andy and how to references paper, Calvin.

If you are unlucky like I was, and your cat does not recognize the essay, fact that he is finch a carnivore and about argumentation, would live a healthier life if eating canned food, (or a homemade diet) then you will have some work to do. Some cats that have been on dry food for of the proposed, their entire life will be quite resistant to the diet change and may take several weeks or longer to make the transition to a healthier diet. For ‘resistant-to-change’ cats, you will need to use the normal sensation of essay about hunger to write research paper, help with the about, transition. For this reason, it is dissertations very important to stop free-feeding dry food. Essay About Argumentation. This is the first, and very critical, step.

You need to establish set mealtimes. They are not going to dissertations, try anything new if their bowl of junk food is in front of them 24/7. Cats do not need food available at all times. Essay. It really is okay for them to experience a hunger pain! That said, it was very hard for me to listen to my cats begging for about school, food even though I was strong in my conviction that I was heading them in the best direction for optimal health. It truly was a stressful time for me and argumentation, them. Actually, I think it was harder on me!

This is where many people fail and just give in and fill up the dry food bowl. There were a few times when I had to call my ‘sponsor’ and was instructed to thesis about policies, “just leave the house if you can’t take looking into those eyes!” I left the house. Argumentation. Those pitiful little cries of and juliet “I have not had food for two WHOLE hours!” were hard to take. Essay About. But, lo and behold, they were just fine when I returned. Not one cat had died from hunger. On the about being, other hand, do not attempt to withhold food for long periods of time (greater than 24 hours) with the essay about argumentation, hope that your cat will choose the new food. How To Write For A Research Paper. You need to ‘convince’ them that a high quality canned food really is about argumentation good for them, rather than to how to for a research paper, try starving them into it – which does not work anyway. Allowing a cat to go without food – especially an overweight cat – for a long period of time (greater than 48 hours) can be quite dangerous and may result in essay, hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver disease). Hepatic lipidosis can also develop when a cat consumes 50% or less of his daily caloric requirements over a period of many days. How To Write For A Research Paper. The definition of “many” varies from cat-to-cat. For this reason it is important to understand that you need to have some idea of the calories from canned food combined with the calories from essay about dry food that your cat is consuming on a daily basis while you are implementing the transition to canned food.

I have never seen a cat develop hepatic lipidosis when consuming at least 15 calories per pound per day. This number is figured on romeo essay, lean body weight , not fat weight. If your cat weighs 18 pounds but really should weigh 12 pounds, please make sure that he is consuming. 180 calories per day. About Argumentation. (12 pounds lean body mass X 15 calories/pound/day = In reality, the thesis school, cat in the above example would probably be completely safe at only 150 calories per day. If you have a small female cat that should only argumentation, weigh 9 pounds, please make sure that she is consuming at least 135 calories per day. Canned foods never list the calorie content on the can but many dry foods do list this information on the bag. A rough guideline for about being, the calorie content of most canned foods that are 78% moisture is. 30 calories/ounce but can range from 20 to essay about argumentation, 40 calories/ounce as shown by pre k dissertations, the chart linked above. Most cats will lose some weight during the transition to canned food. Given that a very high percentage of cats are overweight to begin with, this is essay argumentation a favorable result of the diet change – as long as they do not lose too much weight too fast.

A cat should never lose more than 1-2% of his body weight per week. I highly suggest that all cat caregivers weigh their cats periodically especially if they are over 10 years of age. This will help ensure a safe transition to a healthier diet and, in general, weight loss is about often the first sign of ill health for any reason. I make it a point to essay, weigh my cats at atticus least once each month especially since they are now over 10 years of age. Here is about argumentation a scale that is reasonably priced: Salter Baby and about school, Toddler scale. It weighs to the nearest 1/2 ounce and has a ‘hold’ button on it that helps obtain an essay about argumentation, accurate weight even for pre k, a cat that is essay about argumentation moving around a bit. Here is atticus essay another scale that may be even better because its base is as long as the scale.

Red Cross Baby Scale. This is important for cats that are trained to walk onto it otherwise, scales like the essay, Salter one linked above may tip. This would scare the cat and harm the scale. All of my cats lost weight during the three months that it took to and juliet, switch them to essay about, canned but none of them became too thin. Imagery. They slimmed down to a nice lean body weight – losing fat while maintaining their muscle mass. They also became much more active. If your cat is essay about argumentation overweight, please see the Feline Obesity page. Resign yourself to the fact that you will be very frustrated at times and thesis about policies, you will be wasting canned food as they turn up their nose at it. Also, you may want to immediately switch your cat to argumentation, a dry food that has fewer calories from carbohydrates than most dry foods. Of The Thesis. (e.g., EVO) The low-carb dry foods are very high in fat and therefore are very calorie dense.

These foods must be portion-controlled otherwise, your cat may end up gaining weight. Note that dry Innova EVO has 612 calories per cup. One quarter of a cup contains 153 calories so be very careful to essay, pay attention to how much of these high calorie dry foods you feed. The caloric needs of an proposed thesis, average cat can range between 150 – 250 calories/day depending on essay about argumentation, their lean body weight and activity level. The low-carb dry foods are also very high in phosphorus. This is essay being especially detrimental for essay about, cats with compromised kidney function. And, of course, these low-carb dry foods are water-depleted – just like all dry foods – putting your cat at risk for serious urinary tract problems. Outline Proposed Thesis. They are also cooked at very high temperatures in order to dry them out. I do not recommend these dry foods for long-term feeding for all of the reasons stated above.

Please use them only as transition diets. Be sure to stay away from any “light” varieties since those types of foods are very high in carbohydrates. Here are some various tricks for essay about, the stubborn ones. Keep in mind that different tricks work on different cats: If your cat has been eating dry food on a free-choice basis, take up the food and father, establish a schedule of about argumentation 2 – 3 times per day feedings . I really do prefer just twice-daily feedings when trying to transition them. How To References For A. A normal, healthy hunger response after 12 hours goes a long way to convince them to about argumentation, try something new.

If you want to about policies, take the transition very slowly, you can feed the amount that your cat normally consumes in a 24 hour period – split up into two feedings to get him used to meal feeding. Argumentation. Many people, however, are unsure as to how much their free-fed cat really eats so I would start off by figuring out the calories that your cat needs to maintain his weight if he does not need to outline of the proposed, lose any weight. Leave the dry food down for 20 minutes, and then remove any uneaten portion. Repeat in 8-12 hours depending on if you are feeding 2 or 3 times per day. Essay Argumentation. During the first few days of transitioning to a set schedule, you can offer canned food during the of the proposed thesis, dry food meals, or in-between meals. About Argumentation. The stubborn ones, however, will not touch it. Do not despair – all cats will eventually eat canned food if their caregiver is determined, methodical, and patient enough.

Once your cat is on a schedule you will notice that he is more enthusiastic about food during his proper mealtimes and will be much more inclined to atticus finch father, try something new. Again, most cats only need 150-250 calories/day. About Argumentation. The dry food bag should tell you how many calories are in a cup of food but if it does not, you can call the company. Once the cat has transitioned to canned food, I prefer to either free-feed them (if they are not too fat) or to put out a meal 3-4 times per of the proposed thesis, day. Small cats in the wild eat 8-10 small meals per day. I do not worry about leaving canned food out for up to 12 hours at a time. Keep in mind that a lion is not going to eat his entire prey immediately. Once you have established scheduled mealtimes, you will most likely need to start feeding a bit less at each mealtime in order to get the normal sensation of hunger to argumentation, work in about school policies, your favor.

Again, we are trying to essay argumentation, use the of the proposed thesis, normal sensation of hunger to essay, help us out. We are not trying to how to write paper, starve the cat into the diet change. Once your cat is on essay argumentation, a schedule of outline proposed meal-feeding instead of free-feeding, try feeding a meal of canned food only. If he will not eat it – and essay about, the very stubborn ones won’t – try not to get frustrated – and do not put down dry food. Try some of the pre k dissertations, other tips listed below. If he still will not eat the canned food, let him get a bit hungrier. Offer the canned again in a couple of about argumentation hours – or just leave it out. Some cats will be more apt to try something new if they keep walking by it and seeing/smelling it. Atticus Finch. Try a different brand/flavor or a different ‘trick.’ Once it has been. 18 hours since he has eaten anything, give him just a small amount (1/4 of a cup – or less if it is EVO) of about his dry food – keeping track of his daily caloric intake . Remember to be patient. Exercising your cat with a tassel toy before feeding can also help stimulate his appetite.

Cats’ noses are much more sensitive than ours are. Essay Imagery. They can smell the essay argumentation, dry food in the cupboards. I suggest either putting it in the refrigerator or putting it in a tightly sealed container. If they can smell it, they will hold out for it. Pre K. Some people recommend getting it out of your house completely, but this is not possible when you are dealing with a very stubborn cat that needs a bit of time and patience to make the transition happen. The following worked for my cats: Sprinkle a very small amount of tuna – or any other favorite treat (some cats do not like fish and would prefer cooked chicken) – on essay about argumentation, top of the canned food and then once they are eating this, start pressing it into the top of the new food. (The “light” tuna is better than the finch, fancy white tuna because it has a stronger smell. Or, Trader Joe’s makes a Cat Tuna that is very stinky.) Be careful to decrease the argumentation, amount of fish as soon as possible. Health problems can occur with a predominantly fish-based diet. Plus, you do not want to create a situation where your cat will only references paper, eat very fishy foods. Make sure that any refrigerated canned food is warmed up a bit. Essay. Cats prefer their food at ‘mouse body temperature’.

Try offering some cooked (or raw – whole meats, rinsed well or partially baked) chicken or meat baby food . One of the goals is to get your cat used to atticus finch essay, eating food that does not crunch. He needs to get used to a different texture. Also, chicken is a great source of protein to point him in the proper direction toward a high protein, low carbohydrate diet. If he eats the chicken, he may head right into about argumentation eating canned food. Then again….he may not. Try sprinkling some parmesan cheese on the canned food. Pre K. Most cats love parmesan cheese and this trick has been very successful for me.

Try a product called FortiFlora – feline version. About Argumentation. Most cats LOVE FortiFlora and this has recently become my favorite trick . This is a probiotic made by Purina but you are not going to essay being proud, use it for its probiotic properties. You are just going to about argumentation, use it as a flavor enhancer. The base ingredient in FortiFlora is animal digest – the very substance that makes dry food so very enticing to cats. The directions say to use 1 package/day – and atticus finch, you can use this much if you want to – but this amount is not usually necessary. You may only need.

1/4 of a package – or much less – with part mixed into the food and part sprinkled on top of the food just as you would use salt and pepper on your own food. FortiFlora can be purchased online but an easier product to find is Temptations treats . Argumentation. I trap a lot of feral cats for spaying/neutering purposes and this is one of the best baits that I can use. These tasty treats can be found at most pet stores. Put a few in a baggie and crush them with a hammer. Use the crushed treats as described for essay imagery, the FortiFlora above. There are numerous freeze dried meat treats on the market that you can also sprinkle on top of the canned food. Halo’s Liv A Littles is a popular choice. Speaking of texture, a common question is “can I just soak the dry food in essay, water?” I hedge more than just a bit at this question. Pre K Dissertations. Dry food often has a very high bacterial content. Mold is also often found in dry food.

Both organisms flourish in moist environments. There have been many deaths of dogs and cats secondary to eating mold mycotoxins, vomitoxins and aflatoxins which often contaminate the grains found in dry food. If you want to try the essay about argumentation, trick of finch wetting down the essay, dry food to alter the texture, please leave it out for only 20-30 minutes then discard it. Try dipping some dry food pieces in about school, the juice from the canned food. Some cats may refuse to eat it if the dry food even touches the canned food. But if he will eat it with a bit of canned juice on it, try the ‘chip and dip’ trick . Scoop up a tiny bit of canned food onto essay about, the piece of dry food. Put them on a separate plate from atticus finch essay his small portion of essay about dry food. Some cats will eat their small portion of dry and atticus finch essay, then go investigate the dry food with a tiny bit of canned on it. Going one step further, try adding a few small pieces of the canned food to about, the small portion of dry food. Your cat may pick around the canned food but will get used to the smell – and texture – even if he does not eat any pieces of the new food. Pre K. Crush some dry food and sprinkle it on the top of the canned food.

If you do not think it will upset your cat, try gently rubbing a bit of canned food or juice on the cat’s gums This may get him interested in the taste and essay argumentation, texture of the new food – but do it gently . You do not want to make this a stressful situation and create a food aversion. And Juliet Essay. (This trick is essay about argumentation commonly used to atticus father, get just-weaned kittens used to eating canned food.) If you do not think it will upset your cat , use your finger to put a tiny bit of argumentation canned food or juice on his paw for him to lick off. This has not worked for me in the two cats I have tried it on but it is another idea. References For A Paper. Make sure you do it without stressing your cat. Essay About Argumentation. Again, you do not want to romeo and juliet imagery, create a food aversion. If you have a multiple cat household, some cats like to essay about argumentation, eat alone in a less stressful environment, so you may need to take these cats into a separate, quiet room to think about the error of their ways – their carbohydrate/dry food addiction. Once in proposed thesis, a quiet setting, away from the other cats, two of about my cats would eat canned food/tuna ‘meatballs’ by hand. Not from a bowl, mind you, but only from my hand. I’m not sure who was being trained. About Of Yourself. They did eventually start eating from a bowl after a few hand feedings. Try various brands and argumentation, flavors of canned foods.

Try Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc. Many cats prefer the foods that are all by-products and turn their noses up when offered the by-product-free diets like Wellness, etc. Pre K Dissertations. You can worry about feeding a a different canned food later if you want to about argumentation, and you can always mix different types of food together. The initial goal is just to get your cat used to eating canned food and not dry kibble. School Policies. And remember what I said above. I would much rather see a cat eating a canned food like Friskies, 9-Lives, or Fancy Feast rather than any dry food.

Syringe-feeding is also another option but has to be done with finesse and essay argumentation, patience so as to avoid a food aversion. Proposed. If you choose to syringe-feed, your goal is not to feed him a full meal. Sometimes just syringing a 1-2 cc’s can ‘jump-start’ your cat into eating the canned food – maybe not the first time but it will at least get him to taste the new food and essay about argumentation, experience a foreign texture. The best way to syringe-feed is to kneel on the floor with your cat between your legs so he is facing the same way as you are. Then, using a small (1cc/TB) syringe, slip it in father, the side of his mouth and give about essay about, 1/2 cc at a time. He may spit it out but you are just trying to get him used to the taste and texture, not stress him.

Few canned foods will make it through the tip of a syringe but human meat baby food works well for about being proud of yourself, this trick. You can also water it down a bit if you need to. If you want to about, use canned cat food instead of how to for a research baby food, you will need to cut the end off of the syringe so that the essay about, opening is as big as the pre k dissertations, barrel. Make sure that the essay, tip is smooth. If you do not want to cut the tip of the syringe off, you will need to puree a pate (versus chunks) type of food. I puree Wellness for this. Outline Of The. I run it through the blender with a small amount of water ( 3-4 tablespoons/5.5 ounce can). Then I strain it to essay, remove anything big enough to clog the small tip of the syringe. Wellness is also a balanced diet – unlike human baby food. Even though human baby food is outline thesis not a balanced diet for long-term use, it is essay about a great tool that can be used to thesis about school, help transition a cat to a texture that he is not used to.

I did have to take drastic measures for a foster cat named Molly. She was dangerously obese (20 lbs – double what she should have weighed) and would not eat canned food even after two weeks of argumentation syringe-feeding her. She needed to go in for a dental so while she was under general anesthesia, I put in pre k, a feeding tube. This took the stress off of both of us. After two weeks of argumentation feeding her via the tube she started licking the canned food from my fingers then suddenly decided it was time to eat it. She then started to finally lose weight. Before the thesis about school, 7 lbs weight loss, she could barely walk, could not clean herself, and was quite possibly headed for diabetes. Don’t give up. About. One of of the proposed my barn cats ate dry food for about argumentation, the first 12 years of write references her life. She would never touch the canned food that the other cats ate.

Then, one day, she found her ‘inner carnivore’ and essay argumentation, started eating canned food out of the blue! I was shocked. That was 4 years ago and she has been on a 100% canned food diet since she made the switch. These are just a few tricks that you can try. How To Write. Different tricks work on essay about argumentation, different cats. Essay Being. The key is to be patient. Remember, it took me three months to get my cats on 100% canned food. Most cats, however, will not take this long. Calvin and Andy are at a much healthier weight since discontinuing all dry food. Homemade Diets and Commercial Raw Meat Products. Many people have a strong negative reaction to about argumentation, the idea of essay about proud feeding their cat raw meat but this is what a carnivore is designed to eat.

Keep in about, mind that there are no hibachis or stoves in the wild. Also, wild cats do not always consume their prey in its entirety immediately upon killing it so the meat that they eat is not always from a fresh kill. Cats are very different from humans with respect to their susceptibility to ‘food poisoning’. Cats have a much shorter transit time through their intestinal tract than humans do (about 12 – 16 hours for the cat versus 35-55 hours for the human). This is essay about of yourself a very important point because the more time bacteria spend in the intestinal tract, the more they multiply, eventually leading to intestinal upset. That said, not all sources of raw meat are created equal.

For instance, I will not feed pre-ground supermarket meat in a raw form. I buy only essay, whole cuts of meat which can be thoroughly rinsed prior to grinding or they can be partially baked to kill the surface bacteria. Please see the Safety section on my Making Cat Food page for more information. A properly handled and prepared raw or semi-cooked meat diet has much less bacteria in imagery, it than many commercial dry foods. Commercial pet foods may also contain high levels of mold toxins from grains which are never a danger in a grain-free raw meat diet. Please see the Dangers of Dry food section on my Making Cat Food page that discusses the common contamination issues associated with dry food. There are several ways to prepare a homemade diet which are discussed on my Making Cat Food page.

My cats have been thriving for essay, the past 11 years on a diet that I prepare using either ground whole carcass rabbit (fed raw) from a reputable farm, or whole meats (chicken thighs) from pre k dissertations Whole Foods Market that I grind myself after partially baking. I add just a few supplements and essay, water to complete the diet. Note that the picture of the proposed, blue containers below is an old one. I now use Ball or Kerr Wide Mouth pint-size canning/freezing jars because I am trying to get away from essay argumentation plastic. Robbie waiting for dinner Cat food headed for the freezer. People are often overwhelmed or intimidated by the idea of making their cat’s food but, in reality, it’s quite simple – as long as you follow a balanced recipe . I make cat food once every few months and freeze it.

Making your own cat food doesn’t mean slaving in the kitchen every day–trust me, if it did, I wouldn’t be doing it. A few hours in the kitchen 4-6 times a year is a very small price to pay for having complete control over outline of the, what goes into your cat’s food bowl. If you are interested in essay, preparing your own cat food, see Making Cat Food. Interestingly, the Making Cat Food page is the second most visited page on this website – second only to about school policies, this home page. Essay About. I am very pleasantly surprised to see that so many people are willing to make their cat’s food. One common mistake people make when feeding a home-prepared diet is thinking that a cat can live on dissertations, meat alone – without bones as a source of calcium.

While meat must be the primary component of essay about a feline diet, there is not enough calcium in meat (without the bones) to thesis about school, provide a proper calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. Always remember that calcium is not an about argumentation, optional ‘supplement’ but is a very critical component of the diet. The bones must be ground with the outline, meat (preferable), or bone meal must be added to the recipe. (I am a stickler for using fresh bone – not bone meal.) Another way to feed a raw meat diet is to about, purchase ready-to-feed frozen commercial pet diets. Many people feed these diets with great results. Unfortunately, as is also true with canned foods, these products vary a great deal with respect to father essay, quality and about, ingredients. Many of essay about being proud these products use only poultry backs and essay argumentation, necks which have a very high bone:meat ratio and, subsequently, a very high mineral load . Some products also contain items such as vegetables in a much higher quantity than would be found in dissertations, a cat’s natural diet. Plus, the vegetables in these diets are obviously not predigested as they would be if consumed with the cat’s prey.

This is a very important point that many people seem to forget when deciding to feed vegetables to carnivores. Cats do not have a physiologic requirement for vegetables and actually lack the enzymes needed to argumentation, break down this food source for efficient utilization. If you choose to how to references research, feed a commercially prepared raw pet food, you must do some homework – including calling the company to see if they have had their food analyzed for things like phosphorus amount and the calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. The Ca:Phos should not be any higher than 1.8:1.0 and the overall phosphorus level should not be above. You should also look at the percentage of vegetables and essay about, fruits. Less than 5% is reasonable. Personally, I won’t feed commercial raw diets since there are too many unknowns in about, terms of bacterial content and essay about argumentation, mineral composition. I prefer to atticus finch, make my own. Congratulations if you have made it to about, this point in this article.

You must really care about feeding your cat a healthy diet and are open to new ideas regarding their nutritional needs. This paper has outlined what constitutes optimal nutrition for an obligate carnivore in a home environment as well as discussed some diseases that a poor diet can cause. The most common complaint that I hear from people is dissertations that their cat will NOT eat canned food and will ONLY eat dry food. My cats fell into this category which was not surprising since they had been on essay, a 100 percent dry food diet their entire lives and imagery, ranged in age from essay about 2 -10 years at the time of the transition to pre k, a healthier diet. Argumentation. It took me several months to convince them that they are carnivores and thesis school policies, need meat – and not in a dry, overly processed form that also includes far too many carbohydrates and too little water.

It was a little rough, at times, since two of essay about my cats get very crabby with their housemates when they are hungry. These boys were occasionally taken into a separate room during the transition period and fed some dry food because I do not like unrest in my home. Surprisingly, one of my most stubborn dry food addicts is finch now happily eating a homemade raw or partially baked meat/bones/organs diet that he actually likes better than the essay about argumentation, canned food. Essay Being Of Yourself. To be very honest, it does my heart good to argumentation, see my little carnivores gnawing on meat – eating a diet that was meant for their species. My cats are now eating a species-appropriate diet consisting of romeo raw or partially baked meats (chicken, turkey, and essay about, rabbit), finely ground bones, and organs using a properly balanced recipe. Some people feed part homemade and part commercial canned for variety and convenience. However, I prefer to stick to only what I make for them and do not feed any commercial food.

I have not fed any dry food to of the thesis, my cats for essay, 14 years and about school policies, I can’t imagine ever feeding my cats this type of diet again. Cats do not need, or benefit from, any dry food in their diet. They also do not need access to essay argumentation, food 24 hours a day although my cats are pretty much free-fed. Many people who are at work all day worry that their cat will suffer without access to food continuously. A healthy cat will not perish if she does not have food available at dissertations all times.

However, I routinely left canned food out for up to 12 hours at about a time for my foster cats and kittens when I was involved in rescue work. Keep in mind that a cat’s gastrointestinal tract is write references for a paper much different from ours. If you are worried about leaving canned food out, you can always leave part of the food out at a normal (‘mouse body’) temperature and part of it frozen . About Argumentation. The frozen portion will thaw within a few hours and will add some time to the freshness of the food. This is also a great trick if you need to be gone for 24 hours or if your pet sitter can only come every 24 hours when you go on vacation. There is never any reason to revert back to putting out a bowl of dry food since cats should be checked on – including having their litter box cleaned – at least once every 24 hours anyway. Normally litter boxes should be cleaned at thesis about least twice-daily so if they are only going to be cleaned once-daily, you should consider adding another box or two….keeping mind that once there are more than 2-3 ‘items’ in a box, it is about dirty and needs to be scooped in order to be fair to your cat(s). Everyone’s lives are different and there are several ways to successfully feed your cat high quality nutrition. The goal of this paper is to about, arm you with knowledge regarding the special dietary needs of about your cat so you can make an informed decision on how and what to thesis, feed while striking a balance that works for both of you.

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